Ramifications of Anti-Terror Measures in
The French President's Irrational Proposal to Legalize
Measures and Violation of Rights by Rewriting the French Constitution
In France, the country that gave humanity the
Declaration of the Rights of
Man, the situation is unfolding as expected with broad attacks on civil
and rights following the November 13 terrorist attacks in Paris. French
President François Hollande, in his November 16 address to a
session of the National Assembly and the Senate, declared that the
authorities cannot respond to terrorism within the rule of law. Since
a country that abides by the rule of law, he said, the rule of law as
in the Constitution must be rewritten.
He said he had the options
within the Constitution to declare a state of
emergency through the state of emergency law passed in 1955 (which he
on November 14) or to take a more drastic course and declare martial
through Article 36. According to an RFI report, Article 36 "allows the
government, in the event of a 'state of siege,' to transfer powers to
authorities in the event of an attack or an armed insurrection," and
"allows the presidency to grant itself 'exceptional measures' when
institutions or territory are confronted with a 'serious and immediate'
Article 36 of the Constitution permits a state of emergency to be in
12 days, after which Parliament must agree to extend it. Neither option
him or is sufficient, said Hollande, and he called for the Constitution
rewritten accordingly so that the war can then be waged legally.
In the interim, Hollande called for the immediate
restoration of border
controls and blanket powers for the security forces to conduct
searches" and "house arrests" as they see fit. He is also striving for
and comprehensive legal regime" that includes provisions to revoke
including that of French-born citizens who also have citizenship in
To confront the terrorist threat beyond France's
borders, Hollande says a
"broad and unique" alliance is required. All the stops must be pulled
coordination with Russian President Vladimir Putin and U.S. President
Obama. The European Union has its duty; NATO has its duty and the
countries of the Middle East are also expected to join in. Syria must
included, but only after President Bashar Al-Assad is removed, Hollande
France immediately escalated bombing of what it said
were ISIL targets in Syria at the same time that it was being said the
source of the problem was domestic "radicalization." This irrationality
results from the refusal to recognize the rights of the people
nationally and the sovereignty of nations internationally even as the
destruction caused by decades and decades of colonial and imperialist
intrigues, aggression, plunder and war are coming home to roost.
On November 19, the National Assembly approved an
extension of the state of
emergency for three months and amendments to the state of emergency law
a vote of 551 to six. These were approved by the Senate on November 20.
"We're enlarging the possibility to use [the state of
emergency], not just
for proven dangerous activities, but also for threats stemming from
suspicions," said French Prime Minister Manuel Valls, the Financial
The Rule of Law Becomes the First Casualty of a
All of it shows the profound crisis in which the French
nation-state is mired along with all other Anglo-American and European
states which are entertaining similar measures. All the things that the
authority cannot do using a government of laws have to be done as
government by police powers. But the rule cannot be legitimized so long
the police powers are seen to constitute the public authority, hence
for the constitution to be rewritten to make the police powers the
government of laws. It goes against everything the institutions of the
nation-state were established to achieve: the defence of individual
right and negation of collective rights of members of society so as to
general interests of society on this basis. This aim can no longer hide
that the essence of the public authority is the police authority
is all that is left of the pubic authority. The civil rights and
liberties are all stripped down to this essential feature. The demand
French president that this police authority can now be enshrined in a
constitution and a government of law can be established once again is a
blatantly irrational hope. Such irrationality is the result of the
refusal to renew
the democratic processes so as to eliminate the role of privilege and
rights with a guarantee.
This irrationality in which the police powers are
plunging the world makes
it is as clear as clear can be that no solution can be found to any
this era without depriving the police authority of its privilege to
striving of the people for empowerment. The security of human beings
lies in fighting for the rights of all so as to provide them with a
This is the truth which lies within the irrational demands of the
president to rewrite the constitutional law to incorporate the police
within the government of laws. It is not without consequence and that
consequence will not be favourable to the moribund rulers who today
over the killings of the people on a massive scale by providing
State of Emergency
The State of Emergency in France has
the official aim of removing the legal constraints on the army mandated
peace time and to strengthen the powers of the executive and security
RFI reports, "The state of emergency, as defined by a law passed in
allows severe restrictions of civil liberties and could involve
movements, house arrests, closing public establishments, expanded
police to make arrests and to control the press and broadcast media,
which are liberties the constitution is meant to guarantee."
This exceptional measure that reduces fundamental
strengthens police powers has been invoked five times in the history of
Four instances were in the context of France's wars with its colonies
times during the Algerian War of Independence (April 1955, May 1958 and
April 1961) and once during the war in New Caledonia (December 1984).
was last applied by then-French President Nicolas Sarkozy on November
2005 during the riots given rise to by the racism and social exclusion
national minority youth in France.
RFI reports the following are the main provisions of the
bill passed by
Anyone seriously suspected of being a threat to public
order can be placed under house arrest and forbidden to contact other
suspected of preparing acts deemed to threaten public order.
"Searches of premises:
The interior minister can order premises to be
searched without a warrant from a judge and copies of all digital
found can be made, although the premises of MPs, lawyers, magistrates
journalists are exempt.
Message appearing on
web-site blocked by French Ministry of the
Interior after the Charlie Hebdo attacks in January 2015.
"Blocking websites and
social media: The government can order websites
or social media deemed to be justifying terrorism or inciting terrorist
[blocked], although the possibility of censoring the press and radio,
the 1955 [state of emergency] law but never used, has been scrapped.
Organisations that participate in, facilitate or incite
acts deemed a threat to public order may be banned, as can any that
placed under house arrest are members of.
"A re-education centre
for radicalised youth: Young people deemed to have
fallen prey to jihadist propaganda may be sent to a centre whose site
decided before the end of the year.
The state of emergency is to be extended to French
overseas territories in the West Indies and the Indian Ocean."
The restriction of movement, curfews, censorship and
curtailment of public
freedoms -- all these measures erode the democracy by revealing that
the civil power lies its essence, the arbitrariness of the police
Security Measures Outlaw All Marches and Outdoor Events
Peoples Climate March in
New York, September 21, 2014. Such marches are being outlawed in France
during the World Climate Conference this month.
Host state says
climate marches will not take place,
France is hosting the UN Conference on Climate Change
30 to December 11 in Le Bourget. The Conference is the 21st session of
Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the UN Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Parties to the
Protocol (CMP 11).
In the wake of the November 13 attacks in Paris, the
announced on November 19 that as the host country France "has decided
not allow the climate marches planned in the streets of Paris and other
throughout France." Also banned are all school trips to the venue where
the COP21 Conference is being held from, even to inside events.
The French Presidency says "global mobilization for
climate and civil
society" will have to play their role "on-site at the venue Le Bourget,
the '[Climate Generations Areas]' will host, for the whole duration of
Conference, more than 300 events, debates and conferences." The Climate
Generations areas are described on the COP21 Conference website as
to the general public, and also to observers and negotiators, the
Generations areas' 27 000 m² will be a place for debate and
The French Presidency explains that the reasons the host
state has banned
outside events and demonstrations are "the heinous attacks on 13
and the investigations carried out since then." The Presidency says the
state does not feel confident in its ability to secure outside venues
adding, "This is a difficult decision to make but in the current
safety requirements prevail. This decision does not, in any way, put
question the need for COP21 to widely welcome civil society and its
organizations, who will play a major role at the conference."
The COP21 Conference
restrictions form part of an extended state of
emergency declared by the French government. Measures attacking the
of the people include those imposed in 1955 during the brutal French
war to occupy and control Algeria. The police have the power to act and
kill with impunity. They can search people and places without judicial
warrants and detain people without charges. Anyone the police suspect
posing a threat to the state can be placed under house arrest
if the house arrest is lifted, suspects can be prevented from meeting
police identify. Electronic tagging will be used to ensure house arrest
violated and to track individuals. State authorities will block
Internet sites they
deem dangerous. All public demonstrations are banned and groups the
want to target can be dissolved.
Police power throughout France is the open face of the
imperialist state in
defence of class privilege and the ruling elite. Armed soldiers and
patrolling the streets and engaging in raids on apartments and other
governmental representative of the host state through the COP21
expresses regret at having to display the police power so openly, and
it as the unfortunate norm now in France and throughout the imperialist
system of states.
The peoples of the world are taking note of how the
French state and
others have once again cast aside their façade of bourgeois
reverted to open forms of police power, called Nazism, fascism and
in the 1930s.
CPC(M-L) in response to the
Paris violence says, "Measures which further
deprive the people of their rights in the name of protecting the
security of the
French state are not an acceptable answer.
"The reactionary violence displayed in Paris is directed
working people who are not to blame for the instigation of state
are its victims. Attempts to protect the French state which deprive the
of their rights and, furthermore, target sections of the people for
self-serving and create an even more dangerous situation.
"All of it shows the anarchy and violence which has been
unleashed by the
U.S. striving for world domination in which the NATO bloc is doing its
utmost to isolate Russia and not permit a political solution to
"CPC(M-L) reiterates its opposition to the use of force
to settle conflicts.
We reiterate our opposition to the use of the state to suppress the
rights of the
people in the name of security. All of it shows that political
solutions are not
on the agenda of the U.S. and European powers, as well as Canada.
civil wars and state terrorism are fomented to get an upper hand. It
The people gathering for the COP21 Conference are now
deliberate calmly and critically in an atmosphere of state terror. Some
demand of changing the venue to one where issues can be debated openly
without the broad intimidating interference of an imperialist state.
Others remark that the
biggest single institution in human affairs causing
pollution and climate change remains the war machine of the imperialist
and their police power. One widely reported response of the French
the Paris violence has been to escalate its bombing campaign against
the atmosphere of state terror surrounding the COP21 Conference, the
participants will be directed not to speak out against U.S.
military striving for world domination and ongoing predatory wars and
preparations. Yet, the U.S. military is the single greatest polluter in
not to speak of the waste of resources and human work in the
war, the building and maintenance of its worldwide war machine and
mobilization of tens of thousands of youth for war. The presence of the
military and its agents and spies throughout the world inhibits the
nations from resolving international and even national problems
without resorting to force.
The response of the French state to the Paris violence
of the declaration of the War Measures Act in 1970, said to
necessary because of an upsurge in the movement for Quebec sovereignty
the staging of numerous police-organized terrorist events. Prime
Pierre Elliot Trudeau, the infamous father of the present Prime
Minister, in a
fit of bravado declared, "Just Watch Me!" in speaking of how he would
unleash open police power on the streets of Quebec. He dropped any
of the democratic right of Quebeckers to choose, without interference
Anglo-Canadian colonial state, whether to exercise their sovereign
right to be
independent or not.
The people must draw the warranted conclusions from
these events and
prepare themselves and their organizations to defend their rights
imperialist state that has police power at its core and will use it
people whenever events, whether exceptional or not, warrant its use
to those in control.
The security measures surrounding the COP21 Conference
everyone that all issues and problems in the world, from climate change
direction of the economy, are dominated by the question of control. Who
controls the decisions that are made surrounding the issues and
confronting humanity: the people or those who possess great social
The representatives of
great social wealth and class privilege are going to
gather in Paris at the Leaders' Forum and make dubious statements about
pollution, climate change and the need for security, all bundled up in
sounding policy objectives that mostly serve the business interests of
that monopoly. The issue of humanizing the social and natural
will be left to the vagaries of unprincipled pragmatism serving narrow
The peoples of the world have to themselves raise their
pro-social change and an alternative through organizing themselves to
their interests and the general interests of society. Only the
politics of the people outside the control of the imperialist state and
human-centred principles can lead to humanizing the social and natural
environment and an anti-war government. The people have the right to
into being a pro-social, anti-war alternative, as they possess rights
of being human, which no imperialist state can negate. The terrible
in Paris and the extremist response of the French imperialist state
thesis that the people's security lies in the organized and determined
to defend the rights of all and to deprive the imperialist state of the
deprive the people of their rights.
War in Syria, Revision of the Constitution and Discriminatory Laws
What Is Hidden Behind François Hollande's
Headlong Rush Forward?
Like a windfall, the November 13 terrorist attacks gave
the executive a
free hand to impose its ultra-security agenda by enlisting the support
opinion. The scenario has been rehearsed -- an act of terrorism
media hype and the security response -- but the response this time is
for its brutality and unprecedented scale. Constitutionalization of the
emergency, the anti-Muslim offensive on the home front and a
externally. Behind the inconsistency of French diplomacy, the
of leading politicians and the manipulation of the terrorist threat for
purposes, hides a project now admitted to by the head of state himself:
of civilization against the Muslim world, following in the footsteps of
administration in the wake of September 11. The effects of this policy
known: economic collapse, geopolitical tensions and migratory chaos.
evils that only fuel the terrorist threat. So who benefits from these
As might be expected, the executive seized the window of
opened by the November 13 terrorist attacks, profiting from the lessons
good old strategy of shock: take advantage of the disarray caused by an
exceptional event to push through measures unacceptable in normal
Bataclan carnage thus opened the door to a policy replete with dangers
peace, security and civil liberties.
Continuing the Strategy of Tension in Syria
arms to the "rebel" enemies of the Syrian regime, France continues to
the ouster of Bashar Al-Assad an explicit priority, responding to the
its Saudi, Qatari, Turkish and Israeli allies. In his speech to the
the French parliament in Versailles, François Hollande declared
once again that
the search for a political solution excluded the Syrian president.
support for terrorist groups operating in Syria will only continue to
their actions, as was the case following the statements by [Foreign
Laurent] Fabius concerning Al-Nusra Front.
State Islamophobia on the Home Front
Ever the scapegoats,
Muslims are again being stigmatized by leading politicians. Bernard
(Minister of the Interior) proposes the dissolution of many mosques
"radical" -- several dozen, even hundreds could be closed -- as well as
"associations that attack the values of the republic," measures that
would be in
addition to the expulsion of imams calling for jihad. He made clear
provision to that effect would soon be considered by the Cabinet. The
of a special regime for bi-national French-born Muslims authorizing the
revocation of their French citizenship as well as prohibiting them from
on French territory in the event of their radicalization is also
measure that was raised after the January attacks but later abandoned
pressure from associations defending human rights. Once back in France,
could be submitted to "draconian surveillance conditions" such as house
or "participation in a de-radicalization program." A Nuremberg Law for
modern times, this measure institutionalizes a distinction between two
categories of French citizens: those who are full citizens whose
acquired definitively and those who are Muslim.
Establishing a Permanent State of Emergency
measure bearing the heaviest consequences is probably the planned
a special legal order -- a "state of crisis" -- allowing for the
unconstitutional and exceptional measures detrimental to civil
meeting the requirements of the war against terrorism. It involves
than revising the Constitution in order to perpetuate the conditions of
of emergency, authorizing the transfer of police powers from the civil
authority to a military authority; the establishment of military
courts; and the
extension of police powers. According to François Hollande, this
reform "will enable public authorities to act, in accordance with the
law, against war-like terrorism." This martial law that is already in
will go even beyond what is covered by the 1955 law on the state of
emergency, which, moreover, he wants to extend by three months and
has already resulted in hundreds of raids and house arrests. In the
words of the
head of state, the new law he wants to see adopted as soon as possible
"more protective, more suited to the development of new technologies,
the terrorist threat."
The War of Civilization Is Now!
By invoking self-defence
to justify this string of regressive measures adopted against a
sacred unity, the executive considers that France is at war and that it
to confront new attacks. At war against whom? [Prime Minister Manuel]
had come out with it by saying a few months ago that France was
a war of civilization" against the Arab-Muslim world. A true
prophecy, the war waged against Islamic terrorism feeds the same threat
claims to combat by encouraging actions in the opposing camp through
considerable collateral damage it causes. To qualify the attacks last
Hollande spoke of an "act of war," the phrase used at the time by
Bush after the attacks of September 11. This semantic choice, which is
anything but trivial, opens the door to special rules comparable to the
U.S. Patriot Act.
Like all ideologies, the model of the clash of
civilizations presents a
schematic and falsified image of reality that masks the fundamental
binary vision it offers (Judeo-Christian civilization against barbaric,
Islam or "human civilization" against "barbarism," as Bernard Cazeneuve
it) is misleading because the first victims of Islamic terrorism are
themselves. By making out Islam to be a threat by its very nature,
understanding of the social, economic and geopolitical roots of
precluded. Yet this is the only way to effectively repel it and avoid a
rush toward staggering costs for all parties, except the arms
are seeing their profits skyrocket. Scapegoating primarily serves the
of the powerful who seek to divide and conquer. This evidence reminds
the very function of ideology is to protect the system of domination:
oligarchy obviously has everything to lose from a reading of terrorism
would challenge Western domination, neo-colonial rapaciousness and the
destabilizing effects of financial globalization to which it is party.
1. French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius faces
accusations in a Paris
court of appeal, including "provocation to commit mass crimes,"
statements he made about the Syrian conflict in 2012. During a visit to
refugee camp in August he said "Bashar Al-Assad doesn't deserve to be
this earth." In December Le Monde quoted him as saying that
Arabs" are opposed to the U.S. inclusion of Al-Nusra on its terrorist
because Al-Nusra "are doing a good job on the ground" fighting the
army. Al-Nusra is an Al-Qaeda affiliate in Syria. The plaintiffs are
who lost family members and close friends in massacres by so-called
supported by Fabius in word and deed.
Washington Refines Its False Flag Operations
Washington and its French vassal have refined how they
false flag operations. With the Charlie Hebdo operation, they
knew to immediately set the story in stone in order to avoid any
from the print and TV media and in order to use the set story to take
of an investigation.
The set story made it unnecessary to explain the
mysterious "suicide" of
one of the main police investigators while engaged in the investigation
event. The set story also made it unnecessary to explain why it was
to kill rather than capture the alleged perpetrators, or to explain how
French authorities could be so wrong about the alleged get-away-driver
about the two gunmen. There has been no explanation why the authorities
believed there was a get-away-driver, and no such driver has been
killed. Indeed, there are many unanswered questions of no interest to
media except the alternative Internet media.
What the US and France learned from the Charlie
skepticism on the Internet is to keep the story flowing. Charlie
Hebdo involved two scenes of violence, and the connection between
two acts of terrorism was vague. This time there were several scenes of
violence, and they were better connected in the story.
More importantly, the story was followed quickly by more
drama, such as
the pursuit of a suspected perpetrator into Belgium, a French bombing
on the Islamic State, a French aircraft carrier sent to the Middle
declaration of war by the French President against ISIL, and
Hollande, pressured by Washington, will invoke NATO's Article V, which
pull NATO into an invasion of the Islamic State. By superceding each
with a new one, the public's attention is shifted away from the attack
the interests served by the attack. Already the attack itself is old
public's attention has been led elsewhere. How soon will NATO have
on the ground?
The Western media has avoided many interesting aspects
of the Paris
attacks. For example, what did the directors of the CIA and French
intelligence discuss at their meeting a few days prior to the Paris
were fake passports used to identify attackers? Why did the attacks
the same day as a multi-site simulation of a terrorist attack involving
responders, police, emergency services and medical personnel? Why has
been no media investigation of the report that French police were
a sophisticated cyber attack on their mobile data tracking system? Does
anyone really believe that ISIL has such capability?
The Western media serves merely as an amplifier of the
propaganda. Even the non-Western media follows this pattern because of
titillating effect. It is a good story for the media, and it requires
Initially even the Russian media served to trumpet the
set story that
rescues the Western political establishment from political defeat at
Russian defeat in Syria. But it wasn't too long before some of the
media remembered numerous false stories about a Russian invasion of
Ukraine, about Assad's use of chemical weapons, about US ABMs being
placed on Russia's borders to protect Europe from nonexistant Iranian
ICBMs. And so on.
Russian media began asking questions and received some
from Gearoid O Colmain.
To understand the Paris attacks, it helps to begin with
the question: "What
is ISIL?" Apparently, ISIL is a creation of the CIA or some deep-state
organization shielded by the CIA's operations department. ISIL seems to
been used to overthrow Quadaffi in Libya and then sent to overthrow
in Syria. One would think that ISIL would be throughly infiltrated by
Mossad, British and French intelligence. Perhaps ISIL is discovering
that it is
an independent power and is substituting an agenda of its own for
Washington's, but ISIL still appears to be at least partially dependent
support, active or passive, from Washington.
ISIL is a new group that suddenly appeared. ISIL is
portrayed as barbaric
knife-wielding fanatics from medieval times. How did such a group so
acquire such extensive global capability as to blow a Russian airliner
Egyptian skies, conduct bombings in Lebanon and Turkey, outwit French
intelligence and conduct successful multi-prong attacks in Paris? How
ISIL never attacks Israel?
The next question is: "How does the Paris attack benefit
ISIL?" Is it a
benefit to ISIL to have Europe's borders closed, thus halting ISIL's
infiltrate Europe as refugees? Does it help ISIL to provoke French
of ISIL positions in the Middle East and to bring upon itself a NATO
Who does benefit? Clearly, the European and American
establishment in so many ways. Establishment political parties in
Germany, and the UK are in trouble, because they enabled Washington's
Middle East wars that are bringing floods of refugees into Europe.
rising in Germany, Farage's Independent Party in the UK, and Marine Le
National Front in France. Indeed, a recent poll showed Marine Le Pen in
lead as the next president of France.
The Paris attack takes the issue and the initiative away
dissident political parties. Among the first words out of the mouth of
French president in response to the attack was his declaration that the
of France are closed. Already Merkel's political allies in Germany are
her government in that direction. "Paris changes everything," they
certainly saved the European political establishment from defeat and
The same result occurred in the US. Outsiders Donald
Trump and Bernie
Sanders were slaughtering the establishment's presidential candidates.
and Sanders had the momentum. But "Paris changes everything." Trump and
Sanders are now sidelined, out of the news. The momentum is lost. The
has changed. "Paris attacks become focus of 2016 race," declares CNN.
Also among the early words from the French president,
and without any
evidence in support, was Hollande's declaration that the Islamic State
attacked the French nation. Obviously, it is set for Hollande to invoke
Article V, which would send a NATO invasion force into Syria. This
be Washington's way of countering the Russian initiative that has saved
Assad government from defeat by the Islamic State. The NATO invasion
would overthrow Assad as part of the war against the Islamic State.
The Russian government did not immediately recognize
this threat. The
Russian government saw in the Paris attack the opportunity to gain
cooperation in the fight against ISIL. The Russian line has been that
all fight ISIL together.
The Russian presence, although highly effective, is
small in Syria. What
does the Russian government do when its policy in Syria is crowded by a
The only benefactor of the Paris attack is the Western
establishment and Washington's goal of unseating Assad in Syria. The
attack has removed the threat to the French, German, and British
establishments from the National Front, Pegida, and the UK Independence
Party. The Paris attack has removed the threat to the US political
establishment from Trump and Sanders. The Paris attack has advanced
Washington's goal of removing Assad from power.
The answer to the Roman question, "cui bono," is clear.
But don't expect to hear it from the Western media.
author Gearoid O Colmain discusses the Paris attacks with RT
International," RT (Youtube), November 14, 2015.
Bradner, CNN, November 16, 2015.
Tale of Two
Why Silence When Beirut Gets
Universally, governments have condemned the attacks that
took place in
the French capital's northern suburb of Saint-Denis on November 13,
Unquestionably, the murder and mayhem that happened in Paris was
despicable and tragic. Questions need to be asked, however, as part of
important discussion about the narrative that is emerging.
Putting up French flags and showing solidarity for the
people of Paris has
immersed vast stretches of the international public. Memes and symbols
support are appearing everywhere. Showing support for Paris has become
major trend on social media and in Euro-Atlantic capitals.
A Tale of Two Cities and Two Standards
Aftermath of terrorist bombing
in Beirut, November 12, 2015.
attacks come a day after the attacks on Beirut's southern Dahiyeh area
November 12, 2015. The murder and mayhem in Beirut virtually went
unnoticed in North America and the European Union. This is important to
note, because it means that two different standards are being applied.
The role of the media and the messages it is sending to
be overlooked whatsoever. If the terrorist attacks in Beirut were even
mentioned, the mainstream media casually only did so. On the other
mainstream media reports about the tragedy in Paris have shown concern
emotion for the attacks there. Victims in places like Baghdad,
Damascus, Donetsk, Tripoli, Gaza, and Sanaa do not even register as
newsworthy. News channels have continuously broadcast images and
about the violence in Paris while politicians and officials across the
Empire have begun their epithets, in the process stoking fear and
public opinion and emotions. Facebook even began asking users who were
Paris if they were safe by checking in, but did not provide the same
for Beirut users. Has this service even been provided once for the
that have been plagued with constant terrorist bombings since the
Anglo-American invasion of Iraq in 2003?
As an example of how people's emotions can be engaged
the Lebanese-Canadian singer Sari Abboud, known by the stage name
who was in Paris at the time, was engrossed in the misfortune of
to the point where he made a statement on social media saying that he
praying for Paris. He overlooked his own ancestral land and said
Lebanon. One of his fans quickly responded by asking him why he did not
pray for the people of Beirut. The revealing comments were removed
Massari was clearly swept up by the current of the day.
Political interests define terrorism and atrocities in
conjunction with who
it is perpetrated against. They try to define who merits our concerns
sympathy, and which do not deserve our sympathy. There is a message
US, British, Australian, French, Canadian, and German politicians and
make statements in solidarity with the Parisian people, but virtually
Beirutis and the peoples of Libya, Yemen, Somalia, Iraq, Nigeria, East
Ukraine, and Palestine.
Audiences are being inundated by mass
media about the tragedy in Paris whereas the terrorism in Beirut is
ignored or sanitized. This is happening for a reason. It is a matter of
differentials that power interests are projecting. As a part of this, a
discourse is tacitly implying that what happened in Beirut is not a
that the Lebanese people are less deserving of global sympathy than the
This discourse is part of the illusive discursive
process of the "Global War
on Terror" that aims to justify conquest and domination in humanitarian
righteous terms. The victims of the terrorism in Beirut are disregarded
unseen, because the people that were murdered in Beirut were an
of Lebanese citizenry, Arab identity, Muslim faith, Shiite confession,
class, and people that lived in a spatial entity known to back
civilian victims in Beirut are essentially condemned to being lower on
hierarchical totem pole of humanity than their counterparts in Paris.
In the US, a Pennsylvanian candidate running for the US
Stern, wrote multiple times how he supported the terrorist attacks on
On Twitter, he declared: "Good news!!! I hope Hezbollah terrorists were
killed." When confronted, Stern categorized the attack in Beirut as an
Hezbollah Fights ISIL Death Squads,
But the French
Moreover, the historical patterns of how these events
are manipulated cannot be overlooked either. Whenever these attacks
place and governments and mass media go into overdrive to inundate
they opportunistically promote certain interests. These interests can
form of curbing civil liberties or justifications for wars. This is
what the US
government did after the tragic events of September 11, 2001.
France quickly closed it borders when the tragedy in
Paris occurred and
before the dust has settled the opportunistic and unpopular French
François Hollande has begun talking of a "merciless" war. This
does not auger
well. Migrants and immigrants are being blamed while Islamophobia and
xenophobia in the European Union will be fuelled. Undoubtedly, the
in Paris will be used to justify and promote the dirty wars in the
that the French government has partnered itself up to wage with the
States. Already reports about Syrian and Egyptian passports found at
de France are being widely circulated, especially with emphasis on
was soon reported after the attack that the Charles De Gaulle French
Carrier was being sent from Toulon to the Middle East to help the
At the end of the day it cannot be ignored that the ilk
behind the attack
in Paris are the same breed of people that France has directly or
supported in Syria, Libya, Lebanon, and the broader Middle East. The
government and President Hollande have been supporters of Al-Qaeda,
Al-Nusra, and the ISIL/ISIS/DAESH/IS in one form or another. These are
groups that the French government and its allies, such as the US and
Arabia, have supported with weapons, trained, and provided diplomatic
political cover for as proxies in regime change operations in the
When the same criminals and offenders act the same way in Damascus or
Aleppo, their crimes are excused or overlooked. Syrian President Bashar
al-Assad quickly made this point about what took place on November 13,
President Hollande has described the attacks on Paris as
a war conducted
from abroad. The truth is the opposite. The source is not abroad as the
government claims. There is a connection between this violence and
foreign policy. France's government is one of the authors of the terror
trained, supported, and encouraged these types of activities. "Now they
them terrorists because today they are killing French people, but when
used to kill Syrian people they were considered jihadists," Bashar
the Syrian envoy to the United Nations, has commented.
Less than a year ago, an attack on Charlie Hebdo
conducted by individuals that were supported and encouraged by the
government to go fight in Syria and topple the government in Damascus.
Ultimately, the people in France should be angry at the French
supporting these individuals and groups when they went to fight in
other countries. One way or another, these attacks in Paris are the
the regime change policies of the US allies, including France. If you
encourage people to murder and fight overseas, or to support that type
conduct, what do you think they will do inside your country or when
Statement of the Communist Party of Canada
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
condemns the heinous crimes committed in Paris, France on the afternoon
November 13. We express our deepest sympathies with the families,
and colleagues of the victims and call for sober-minded measures to be
which do not turn the French and world's people into targets of
counter-violence. Measures which further deprive the people of their
the name of protecting the security of the French state are not an
The reactionary violence displayed in Paris is directed
against the working
people who are not to blame for the instigation of state terrorism but
victims. Attempts to protect the French state which deprive the people
rights and, furthermore, target sections of the people for attack, are
and create an even more dangerous situation.
CPC(M-L) calls on its
members and supporters to take
these events very
seriously, remain calm and lead their peers to draw warranted
Who is behind these attacks? Are they an attempt to further murky the
surrounding the U.S. striving to bring about regime change in Syria,
now leading to a new round of violence, such as the targeting of a
Afghanistan by the U.S. and to bombings such as what took place in
that targeted Hezbollah, and other similar activities?
All of it shows the anarchy and violence which has been
unleashed by the
U.S. striving for world domination in which the NATO bloc is doing its
utmost to isolate Russia and not permit a political solution to
CPC(M-L) reiterates its opposition to the use of force
to settle conflicts.
We reiterate our opposition to the use of the state to suppress the
rights of the
people in the name of security. All of it shows that political
solutions are not
on the agenda of the U.S. and European powers, as well as Canada.
civil wars and state terrorism are fomented to get an upper hand. It
Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
November 14, 2015
Crime and Punishment
Excerpt from the book "State Terrorism and Human
Rights" by Justice
Ajit Singh Bains (Ret'd) written from Burail Jail, Chandigarh, July
When a private person kills another person, it is a
crime, declared as such in every civilized country. The law moves
killer. Each country with a democratic constitutional government has
of criminal acts and punishes those who violate that code. But what is
agonizing in the world today is the prevalence of governments which
their citizens basic human rights and which, in many cases, use
against their own populace.
Dictatorial governments habitually deprive the citizen
of his or her rights
to life and liberty, either by enacting laws or by issuing informal
to their officers and agencies. In strictly legal terms, when a police
receives orders to kill a suspect in custody, he is protected by law
is obeying his superior authority and, therefore, the force of law does
touch him. It follows that an officer of the law may interfere with the
life and liberty very easily, compared with a private citizen who has
concerned about the force of the law and that of the opponent whose
intends to violate.
The moment a private citizen kills another or violates
physical integrity, his act becomes a criminal act. Immediately, the
of law can be invoked against him and usually, the victim himself does
need to set the legal machinery in motion to get the perpetrator of the
punished in accordance with law. The essence of law consists of a
commits a criminal act being brought to justice in accordance with the
punishment prescribed by legislation.
In theory, whenever a government official indulges in
any illicit act, the
law should work against him also and he too must be punished in the
fashion as a member of the general public. Unfortunately, since the
government works through its officials, in day-to-day situations the
acts of a government functionary are difficult to check. In most of the
situations, he is simply obeying the instructions of his superiors who
themselves have some ulterior motive or vested interest. The experience
twentieth century proves that the maximum violation of the rights of
citizens of this planet has been inflicted by governments. [...]
In theory, the rule of law recognizes that nobody is
above it and that
whosoever commits an offence must be punished. However high-ranking in
state apparatus an individual may be, the rule of law is above him.
attribute of the law provides protection to all who want to get on with
lives. Punishment and protection are essential features of law, but
state protects with partiality, the rule of law is jeopardized. The use
of a state
position and the conducting of affairs as if an individual or group is
law leads to the elimination of its rule.
A Secret Army of Mercenaries for the
Middle East and North
2011 satellite view of the Xe training camp
under construction in the Emirates.
In Zayed Military City, in a training camp in a desert
area of the United
Arab Emirates (UAE), a secret army is in the making.
This secret army of mercenaries, which is slated to be
used not only in the
Emirates but throughout the Middle East and North Africa, was created
Erik Prince, a former member of the U.S. Navy SEALS who in 1997 founded
Blackwater, the largest private military company on contract to the
in Iraq, Afghanistan and other war zones. The company, which in 2009
renamed Xe Services (also in order to escape legal action for the
civilians in Iraq), owns a large training camp in the United States,
than fifty thousand "specialists of war and repression" have been
Xe is in the process of opening other training camps.
In Abu Dhabi, Erik Prince, without appearing in person
but through the
joint-venture Reflex Responses, signed a first contract of $529 million
13, 2010, according to the New York Times).
In several countries including South Africa and
Colombia, they started
recruiting mercenaries to form an initial battalion of 800 men. They
in the UAE by U.S., British, French and German military professionals,
a background in special forces and the secret services. The trainers
$200,000-300,000 a year, while the recruits receive about $150 a day.
Once the efficiency of the battalion has been tested in
a "real action"
scenario, Abu Dhabi will fund with billions of dollars a whole brigade
several thousand mercenaries. It is expected to set up a large training
the UAE, similar to that operating in the United States.
The main supporter of the project is the Crown Prince of
Sheik Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan, who was trained in the British
military academy Sandhurst.
Sheik Mohammed bin Zayed is a trusted Pentagon
associate. He also
supports military intervention directed against Iran. The crown prince
friend Erik Prince, however, are the executors of the project, which
decided in Washington. Its purpose was revealed in documents quoted by
the New York Times:
"[The secret army trained in the UAE will conduct]
missions to put down internal revolts, like those sweeping the Arab
The secret army of mercenaries will therefore be used to
people's struggles in the Gulf countries, with interventions similar to
March in Bahrain involving troops from the Emirates, Qatar and Saudi
These troops brutally crushed the people's demands for democracy.
"Special operations missions" will also be conducted by
the secret army in
countries such as Egypt and Tunisia, to break people's movements and to
ensure that power remains in the hands of governments which support the
interests of the United States and major European powers.
The secret army is also slated to be sent to Libya,
where the U.S. and
NATO have envisaged sending in both European troops as well as troops
the Arab World, theoretically to "provide humanitarian aid to
Whatever the scenario will be -- either a "balkanized"
Libya divided into
two territories under the control of Tripoli and Benghazi, or a
to Iraq or Afghanistan, geared towards overthrowing the Libyan
-- the US-NATO military alliance is planning to use the secret army of
mercenaries. The underlying objectives are:
1) To protect the oil facilities in the hands of
American and European oil
companies, 2) to eliminate their opponents, 3) to keep the country weak
divided. Such are the "innovative solutions," which Xe Services
Blackwater) is proud to provide to the U.S. government.
Peoples in Action Against Neo-Liberal
Activists Oppose APEC Summit in Manila,
Activists from around the world gathered in Manila, the
capital city of the
Philippines, to oppose the neo-liberal nation-wrecking of the
Economic Cooperation (APEC) during its 2015 Economic Leaders' Week
there, November 12 to 20.
The major mass action took place November 19, the day
world leaders met
as part of the APEC Summit. Despite President Aquino government's "no
permit, no rally" policy and large numbers of riot police, workers,
Indigenous peoples were undeterred and made sure their voices were
Pinoy Weekly reported, "President Aquino's
forces did all [they could] to prevent protests: declare a 'no permit,
policy,' set up police barricades across much of the city of Manila,
in some cases, even detain protesters from the provinces. By the
November 18, cops had blocked all exits from the Baclaran Redemptorist
Church, where 700 Lumad and Mindanaoans had camped out after being
driven away from Freedom Park Liwasang Bonifacio. [They] deployed
hundreds of cops from different provinces [...] to Liwasang Bonifacio.
"Aquino still failed to dampen the protests.
"An estimated 10,000 people showed up out of nowhere, it
Taft Avenue on the morning of November 19, and marched from Kalaw to
Buendia, where a phalanx of armed PNP [Philippine National Police]
Action Force blocked the way. The protesters proceeded to march along
Buendia, until they were stopped by a throng of anti-riot cops and
vans near the corner of Roxas Boulevard and Buendia."
Joining local activists were many others coming from
overseas to express
their opposition to APEC. Filipino website Bulatlat.com reported on
14 that "350 activists from 36 countries [arrived] in the Philippine
In a press conference in Quezon City on November 13,
Canadian film and
television director Malcolm Guy told reporters that they are in Manila
present "another point of view on the world economy, on the Indigenous
question -- the opinion of the great majority of the people." Guy is
Secretary General of the International League of People's Struggle
League held its assembly in Manila last week with the participation of
delegates from 91 countries.
Guy stated that APEC's
promises of "building a better world and
inclusive economics" are false and that it serves the interests of the
ruling elites, while everyone else faces "environmental degradation,
militarization, climate change catastrophes like [Typhoon] Yolanda
Philippines, and precarious working conditions with falling wages."
Indigenous Peoples Fight for Their Right to Be
important issue brought out during the anti-APEC protests is the
facing Indigenous peoples across the Philippines.
In the south of the Philippines, the various Indigenous
peoples are known
collectively as the Lumád. They organized a "people's caravan
mobilization from the rural communities of Mindanao to the heart of
to seek immediate action on the killings of Lumád in the name of
militarization and plunder by big mining and plantations." The caravan
called "Manilakbayan ng Mindanao." The Lumád highlighted the
their schools and communities and the killings of their leaders that
are part of
the government's assault on the Indigenous peoples. The Lumád's
showed the stark reality that APEC's promises of prosperity are only
monopolies, and come at the expense of the Indigenous peoples' right to
"It's appalling that our own government is much more
willing to listen to
foreign investors in the APEC summit, acting like a pimp to sell the
wealth, to sell our ancestral lands to foreign countries to invest in
country," said Datu Jomorito Goaynon, spokesperson of Manilakbayan.
Bulatlat.com reported that anti-APEC protesters were
"gearing up for even
more intensified security restrictions this week, in the wake of the
attacks by suspected Islamic State (IS) members in Paris, France, which
at least 129 people" and that "....Aquino is trying to make himself
by condoling the victims of the Paris attacks, even as he ignores the
stop the killings and attacks that continue against Lumád
From the north of the Philippines, Northern Luzon, came
Marjo Malubay, reporting for Pinoy Weekly, informed, "Groups
from Northern Luzon organized a caravan going to Manila dubbed as
ti Amianan' to stage protests against [APEC].
"The caravan is constituted mainly of Indigenous
people and peasants
from Cordillera, Cagayan Valley, Isabela, and Ilocos Region.
"The caravan converged with the Manilakbayan ng Mindanao
delegates from Mindanao to join the Peoples Campaign Against APEC and
Imperialist Globalization (PCAIG). The protest campaign aims to
among others, the human rights violations and environmental destruction
ushered in by decades of destructive extractive industries such as
mining and corporate energy projects. [...]
"According to Amianan Salakniban, the Northern Luzon
human rights network, the extractive operations of multinational
do not only result [in] massive damage to the environment but also the
displacement of peasants and indigenous people from their lands.
"'Those who fight to defend their lands become victims
to various human
rights violations and extra-judicial killings,' said Fernando Mangili,
spokesperson of Amianan Salakniban. He added that last year alone, five
environmental activists and mining advocates were killed by the
"Data from the Mines and
Geosciences Bureau on mining tenements shows
that out of 999 mining applications in the Philippines, 497 of them
Northern Luzon. Three of the oldest mines (Lepanto, Benguet Corp, and
Philex) are still operating in Benguet."
Amongst the other mining firms responsible for the
destruction of the
social and natural environment in the Philippines is Canadian firm
Gold, which purchased Placer Dome in 2006. Michelle Harrison, in a
31, 2014 item on earthrights.org, entitled, "Barrick Gold Using
Settlement Provisions to Perpetuate Legacy of Environmental Harm"
points out the massive destruction caused by Placer Dome/Barrick Gold:
"For decades, Placer Dome operated two mines in the
Marinduque, during which time it intentionally dumped hundreds of
of tons of toxic mine waste into traditional fishing areas, and
failures flooded rivers with toxic mine waste. Notably, Placer Dome's
time business partner during much of that period was notorious dictator
Ferdinand Marcos, until he was overthrown. The company left the island
after a massive toxic waste spill in 1996 that rendered the Boac River
The people of Marinduque have been fighting for a
writes, "The parties have been engaged in settlement negotiations since
and significant details have surfaced about the terms of Barrick's
amount on the table is reportedly $20 million USD, which, after
costs and attorneys' fees, is expected to be closer to $13 million --
far less than
the projected cost of cleanup.
"But here's the worst part: Barrick's
take-it-or-leave-it offer would
expressly prohibit the Province from using any of the settlement fund
rehabilitate and remediate the environmental damage caused by the
operations or to stabilize the dangerous mine structures abandoned by
company more than a decade ago. According to two Marinduque lawmakers
who have voiced opposition to the terms, the agreement would stipulate
the settlement proceeds can never be used for the repair and
the damaged ecosystem of the island-province [...]'"
Activists Defy Ban on Protests at G20 Summit in
Mass protests took place in Antalya, Turkey, near the
site of the G20
Summit, despite a government ban on protests and the arrests of
the days leading up to the meeting.
Turkish website bianet.org reported on November 10, that
Governorate has announced [protest] bans before the summit. According
[Governorate's] statement, acts such as indoor and outdoor meetings,
and demonstration rallies, press releases, sit-in protests, chaining
distributing leaflets, unfurling banners, posters, etc. are prohibited
between November 9-18 2015 in almost the entire city.
"In the history of G20 summits, such large scale
prohibitions on freedom
of expression is the first.
"Antalya is the 8th most populous city in Turkey and one
of the most
important [tourist] cities of the country."
News agencies report that
dozens of people were detained on Sunday,
November 15 during a series of protests against the G20. One of these
was called by the Youth Union of Turkey (Türkiye Gençlik
whose members travelled to Antalya from across the country. Hundreds of
them held up cardboard effigies of U.S. President Barack Obama and
denounced U.S. interventions in the Middle East. Police allowed the
march briefly only after they agreed to leave the effigies behind, the
Associated Press reports.
Another protest was organized by trade unionists and
They carried a banner that read in Turkish and in English: "Killer,
imperialist war organization G-20 get out!"
Earlier in the day, police detained four protesters who
were attempting to
walk to the Summit venue, which was some 25 km from Antalya, to deliver
a letter to participants. Police also detained a group of about 20
refused to undergo a security check, the state-run Anadolu Agency
Police arrested four demonstrators outside a domestic
flights terminal at
Antalya airport, near the conference venue, Anadolu Agency also
Placards held up by protesters read, "Murderer U.S. get out of the
East," Dogan news agency reported.
Seven other demonstrators were detained in Istanbul
outside the German and British consulates.
The Turkish authorities
prepared for the possibility of mass arrests by
converting a sports centre in Antalya into a makeshift mass detention
Protest in New York City
In the U.S., a coalition of groups
held an action in New York City to oppose the G20 and any warmongering
agenda it puts forward as a response to the attacks in Paris. The call
action stated in part:
"We mourn for those who were killed and injured in Paris
on Friday. But
mourning is not enough. We must also remember that what happened in
is yet another terrible example of the bitter fruits that are the
endless war, occupation, shock-and-awe bombings, and regime change.
"That fallout also includes the decimation of Iraq, and
a human rights
crisis in both Syria and Iraq of epic proportions -- including the
of millions of people. Now is the time to remember how 911 was used as
pretext for war, racism and repression."
Revamping Peacekeeping to Meet War Aims
U.S. Calls Summit to Discuss UN Peacekeeping
A Leaders Summit on Peacekeeping convened by the United
place September 28 on the margins of the 70th United Nations
Assembly in New York.
The 2015 Leaders Summit was preceded by a similar
meeting chaired by
U.S. Vice-President Joe Biden on the margins of the UN General Assembly
last year. A number of other meetings have also been convened to take
issue of reforming the UN peacekeeping system, including regional
in the Netherlands, Uruguay, Indonesia and Ethiopia and a meeting of
of Defence Staffs.
The 2015 Leaders Summit was convened by U.S. President
and co-hosted by the leaders of Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Japan,
Netherlands, Pakistan, Rwanda and Uruguay and UN Secretary General Ban
Ki-Moon. It convened only leaders of those countries "committed to
strengthening peacekeeping operations and prepared to announce
new, and concrete commitments to these operations." Just under 50 heads
state and government as well as officials of the European Union,
Union and NATO were reported to have attended and spoken. A declaration
issued at the conclusion of the summit was signed by 43 countries.
was not one of them.
Canada's delegation to the General Assembly this year is
said to have been
smaller than usual. It was led by the Harper Government's International
Development Minister Christian Paradis who was not seeking re-election
is reported to have attended only some events on the sidelines of the
Assembly. Neither then Prime Minister Stephen Harper nor then Foreign
Affairs Minister Rob Nicholson attended the General Assembly. A senior
government bureaucrat, Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister Daniel Jean, who
delivered remarks on Canada's behalf was among the last three speakers
last day as he was not an elected official.
In opening the 2015 Leaders' Summit, Obama said its
purpose was to
strengthen and reform UN peacekeeping. "This is not something that we
others; this is something that we do collectively because our
depends on it," he said. This was reflected in the self-serving remarks
made later by British Prime Minister David Cameron. Totally denying who
is responsible for the break up of countries, the "migration problem,"
and how "countries" become "havens of terror," he said: "I believe
these things are in our own national interest. When countries break up,
we see the problems of migration can affect us all. When
countries become havens to terror, we all suffer as a result."
Obama said UN peacekeeping operations were experiencing
strains and that too few nations were bearing a disproportionate burden
providing troops. He referred to new challenges, including "more armed
conflicts, more instability driven by terrorism and violent extremism,
refugees," which he said the current supply of peacekeepers can't keep
with. He said the U.S. would work to double the number of military
advisers that it contributes and offer logistical support, including
air and sea lifts, and training. Incidentally, the proposal of the new
Liberal government in Canada is not much different. When it comes to UN
peacekeeping, while the U.S. funds around 28 per cent of the UN's
peacekeeping budget, it has not traditionally been one of the
troop-supplying countries. It currently has 39 police, six military
experts and 34 troops, according to the UN website, involved in
peacekeeping operations in Haiti, South Sudan and Liberia.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, who spoke following
opening remarks, said that "the situations into which peacekeepers are
deployed have never been more challenging, as tasks multiply and we
extremists, criminal groups and others who show no regard for
humanitarian or human rights law." He spoke of the need "to act
boldly and collectively" and "to have predictable and effective
capabilities, a qualified police personnel, including more female
a standby reserve for tomorrow to ensure that UN peacekeeping is up to
and future challenges." He said there are more than 120 countries
contributing over 125,000 military, police and civilian personnel to 16
operations on four continents.
NATO Secretary General Jens
Stoltenberg also addressed the Leaders
Summit. Stoltenberg offered NATO's unique capabilities to help UN peace
operations, according to a report on NATO's website: "NATO is doing
with, and more for our partners, helping them to better cope with their
challenges themselves. This cooperation on capacity building is central
the Alliance helps to address crises around the world." Stoltenberg
could support the protection of UN forces, particularly in the area of
countering Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs); provide enhanced
education and exercise opportunities; and enhanced support, if needed,
the UN improve its rapid deployment abilities.
Stoltenberg also said NATO could consider specific
requests from the UN
within the context of NATO's Defence and Related Security Capacity
Initiative and to enhance NATO-UN cooperation on defence sector reform,
saying NATO stood ready to enhance its support of the UN.
A Declaration issued at the conclusion of the summit was
signed by the
governments of Armenia, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Chile, China,
Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ethiopia, Finland, Fiji,
Georgia, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia,
Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Republic of Korea, Romania,
Turkey, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden,
Ukraine, United States, United Kingdom, Uruguay and Vietnam.
It pledged to support reforms to how UN peacekeeping is
supported. It "welcomed the efforts to advance the cause of reform
report of the Secretary-General, entitled 'The Future of Peace
Implementation of the Recommendations of the High-Level Independent
on Peace Operations,' and the report of the High-Level Independent
Among other things, the declaration reaffirmed the
protection of civilians as a solemn shared responsibility and
"acknowledge[d] the critical role played by subregional and regional
organizations in confronting some of the world's most difficult
stabilization challenges, and underscore[d] our commitment to
supporting deeper partnerships and cooperation between the UN and such
regional organizations to address threats to international peace and
security." Nothing was said about blocking the use of force to
interfere in the internal affairs of sovereign nations and the
abandonment of the UN Charter which establishes that all nations, big
or small, are equal and have the right to self-determination. In the
absence of enforcing the principles on the basis of which the UN
is founded, international gendarmes then defend the imperialist system
of states and their inter-imperialist, inter-monopoly competition. Far
from the protection of civilians being "the solemn shared
responsibility," civilians are the casualty every time. More and more
resources are devoted to military means while the anarchy and violence
caused by the big-power striving for domination over the resources of
the world's people and over zones of influence and for the export of
capital are denied and ignored.
Following the meeting, The
Guardian newspaper reported that total commitments were more
than three times the original White House target. More than 40,000
troops and police, and more than 40 helicopters, 22 engineering
companies, 11 naval and riverine units, and 13 field hospitals were
China is reported to have made the largest commitment by
saying it would
establish a standby peacekeeping force of 8,000 soldiers and a
peacekeeping police squad. It also pledged $100 million in military
to the African Union. In announcing his country's contribution,
Jinping said China advocates abiding by the basic principles of
and sticks to the principles established in the UN Charter. He said the
Security Council resolutions should be completely implemented without
nation's acting beyond its authority.
Another major troop contribution came from Colombia.
summit, President Juan Manuel Santos cited his country's "success in
terrorism, drug trafficking, the insurgency and international crime,"
said Colombia was now ready to share with the world. He committed to
providing three battalions totalling 5,000 troops on a gradual basis
Sri Lanka said it would commit troops as well. According
Guardian some officials were wary of this given the Sri Lankan
military's war crimes during the conflict with the Tamil Tigers.
Italy is reported to have offered to make a significant
linked it to the launching of a UN peacekeeping operation in Libya to
the flow of migrants."
The Indian ambassador to the UN, representing the
country that has the
most peacekeepers deployed of any country told The Guardian
government remains committed to peacekeeping, "provided peacekeeping is
what we know it to be." "The soldiers in the blue helmets, under the
are impartial. They are not supposed to be partisan. If somebody wants
to go in and fight they should hire mercenaries, not take UN soldiers.
peacekeeping is to be seen as peace enforcement, then unfortunately we
see the UN Charter allowing such a radical departure of the use of
peacekeeping," he said.
U.S. President's New Memorandum
A fact sheet on the website of the White House refers to
Memorandum issued by Barack Obama on September 28 to U.S.
government departments and agencies on the subject of United States
to United Nations Peace Operations. The new policy was established it
ensure the United States' continued leadership in helping UN
quell the crises of today, and face the challenges of tomorrow."
reports the Memorandum represents the first Presidential guidance on
multilateral peace operations in more than 20 years. The fact sheet
the Leaders' Summit on Peacekeeping was the culmination of a year-long
effort to address critical gaps in peacekeeping missions initiated at a
leader-level summit a year ago co-hosted by U.S.Vice-President Biden.
The fact sheet lists actions the U.S. is prepared to
take to "strengthen and
modernize UN operations for a new era" by building partner capacity,
expanding U.S. contributions and driving reform. Included are such
enhancing UN, TCC [troop contributing countries] and PCC [police
contributing countries] preparation and readiness for the field through
exercises, deeper military-to-military relations with TCC partners, and
provision of U.S. expertise in training, planning, doctrine, and
analysis; supporting deeper cooperation between the UN and regional
organizations to strengthen UN peace operations and the transitions to
With respect to deepening cooperation between the UN and
organizations, Obama's Memorandum indicates that the Department of
"will intensify consultations with relevant international partners on
how the UN
and other organizations -- including the African Union, the European
and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- can better cooperate in
expanding the collective pool of high caliber, rapidly deployable
police for UN and other multilateral peace operations. These
should also include identifying where non-UN bridging forces may be
to establish the conditions for follow-on UN missions."
The fact sheet says the United States will "more
actively consider and
facilitate the provision of U.S. military, police, and civilian
personnel to UN
peace operations" pointing out however that these forces would always
to be under U.S. command. The Memorandum qualifies this longstanding
policy by saying that as Commander-in-Chief the president has the
to place U.S. forces under the operational control of a foreign
he deems it to serve U.S. national security interests.
The Memorandum lays out considerations for the U.S. push
peacekeeping reform, such as U.S. national security, reducing costs and
to the U.S., gaining opportunities for ties to the militaries of other
and experience in the field. It also spells out why the U.S. considers
be "well-positioned to play a leading role in driving reform and
future of UN peace operations," stating:
"As articulated in the 2015 National Security Strategy,
the United States
has a critical national security interest in mitigating state fragility
preventing, containing, and resolving armed conflict. There are
dozens of fragile and conflict-affected states. Their numbers are now
globally, and may continue to do so over the next decade or more. Left
unassisted, many of these fragile states, where conflict festers and
stagnates, could become hosts of violent extremism; afford safe havens
transnational terrorists and criminals exploit; generate large flows of
and displaced persons that can destabilize neighboring countries and
regional instability; create humanitarian emergencies; facilitate the
pandemic disease; and increase the risk of mass atrocities. The United
has a compelling national security interest in preventing the outbreak,
escalation, and spread of conflicts that could contribute to these
threats, but we
cannot and should not seek to assume that burden on our own. To the
it is in our interest to strengthen international response mechanisms
the burden to be shared globally.
"Multilateral peace operations, particularly United
Nations (UN) peace
operations, will, therefore, continue to be among the primary
tools that we use to address conflict-related crises. These operations
spectrum of conflict prevention, peacemaking, and peacebuilding
authorized by the UN Security Council. The scale and scope of
now perform have expanded significantly since the issuance of the last
Presidential guidance on multilateral peace operations (Presidential
Directive-25 of May 3, 1994). This memorandum takes into account
in UN peace operations over the last two decades. PDD-25 remains in
to the extent it does not conflict with this memorandum. [...]"
"In some instances, these operations are deployed in
countries such as Haiti
and Liberia, where in the absence of a UN peacekeeping operation,
and other ties might have led to longer-term deployment of U.S. forces
would entail far greater risks and costs for the United States. The
derives other indirect benefits from our support to UN peace
including strengthened military-to-military collaboration, diplomatic,
ties with countries to which we provide training. United States
and civilian personnel deployed within these missions gain
experience working alongside personnel from many other nations.
forces in UN-led peace operations can also replace national or
military forces in operations once an area has transitioned from an
crisis to a more permissive environment.
"The United States has compelling reasons to support the
of UN and other multilateral peace operations, but must be judicious
where we advocate their establishment since they are not the
response in all instances. [...]
"As such, peace operations cannot substitute for
diplomatic solutions to end
a war, nor for more forceful military interventions that need to be
in non-permissive environments by individual states or coalitions that
the will and capacity to do so. [...]
"The United States is well positioned to play a leading
role in driving
reform and shaping the future of UN peace operations, working closely
the UN and with partners in every region. As a permanent member of the
Security Council, we play a key role in crafting and authorizing each
operation's mandate. As the top financial contributor to UN
scrutinize each mission budget and the regulations, rules, and policies
govern the allocation and oversight of resources. As the top provider
training and equipment for military and police contingents, we have a
play in promoting the highest standards of conduct and discipline.
the United States has both significant interests in, and influence on,
peace operations and the systems that support them.
"Accordingly, building on the 2015 National Security
Strategy, the 2015
Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, the 2014 Quadrennial
Defense Review, and the 2015 National Military Strategy, it shall be
of the United States to strengthen and modernize UN peace operations.
shall do so principally through three core lines of effort:
A. Building partner capacity to support UN peace
B. Contributing U.S. diplomatic support, enabling
C. Leading and supporting efforts at the UN for systemic
"All executive departments and agencies will ensure that
priority the United States attaches to effective multilateral peace
and these core lines of effort for supporting that objective, are
reflected in national strategy, policy, and planning guidance
A list of the reforms Obama says the U.S. will advocate
for is prefaced by
the following assertion: "Given the implications for U.S. national
interests and resource commitments, the United States must continue to
the drive for reform of UN and regional peace operations."
Commentary on U.S. Approach to Peacekeeping
Speaking in March 2015 at a forum on UN Peacekeeping
in Washington, Deputy Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken gave an
of what he considered to be an effective, modern peace operation: "Just
month, on February 10th, MINUSCA and French forces [ie. forces of the
country's former colonial ruler] engaged rebels in the Central African
without a single death or injury among their forces or the civilians.
after the operation, the rebel leader ordered his troops out of
buildings and opened the door to peace by allowing grassroots
Offering his take on UN peacekeeping and the new U.S.
policy, Paul D.
Williams, an academic affiliated with the U.S-based International Peace
Institute writes in Foreign Affairs: "For the past decade, UN
peacekeeping and the UN Security Council's agenda have mainly focused
sub-Saharan Africa. In part, this is due to the large number of crises
regularly afflicted the continent. But it is also because decisions to
peace operations to Africa have generated less controversy than in some
regions, notably the Middle East. Unfortunately for the United Nations,
member nations rank this region as their lowest geostrategic priority,
had made it especially difficult to generate contributions to
operations deployed there. A look over the strategic horizon, however,
plausible scenarios in which the UN's peacekeeping operations could
toward the greater Middle East, for example in Libya, Syria, and Yemen,
Eastern Europe, for example Ukraine. These conflicts are also more
strategically critical to Western powers, and so creating a robust
be considered more important there than for African nations. [...]
"[T]he Obama administration was likely correct in
strengthening the UN peacekeeping system will hinge on persuading
members of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in
to contribute to UN peace operations in a major way. Some ISAF
including Australia, Georgia, Germany, South Korea, Romania, and Turkey
have failed to contribute large numbers of troops or assets regularly
peacekeeping operations in the past. Others -- including Canada,
France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom --
experience on the front lines. Either way, with the end of the
campaign, many ISAF contributors will have troops free up for other
perhaps including the United Nations."
Vancouver Rally Defends Bolivarian Revolution on
December 6 Legislative Elections
U.S. Consulate, 1075 W. Pender St.
On Sunday, December 6, elections will be held for the
Venezuelan National Assembly. On this occasion rallies are being
support the people of Venezuela.
- U.S. Hands Off Venezuela!
- Respect Venezuela's sovereignty!
- Lift all sanctions on Venezuela; rescind Obama's March
Order against Venezuela
- Stop U.S. financing of the right-wing opposition,
destabilization and coup
- Stop the corporate media slander campaign
Rallies in the United States
Saturday, December 5, 1:00 pm at the CNN Building, 6430 W.
Sunset Blvd. For the Facebook event, click here
New York City:
Sunday, December 6, 1:00 pm at the Venezuelan Consulate, 7 East
51st St. To download the flyer, click here.
Sunday, December 6, 1:00 pm at 24th & Mission. To download the
flyer, click here.
Details on other rallies to come. Details of the
events you are planning can be sent to email@example.com for
posting on the website of the U.S. Cuba and Venezuela Solidarity
ISSUES | HOME
Read The Marxist-Leninist