CPC(M-L) HOME TML Daily Archive Le Marxiste-Léniniste quotidien

March 11, 2015 - No. 1

Defend the Bolivarian Revolution and Venezuela's Right to Be!

U.S. President Declares Venezuela a Threat to National Security


Defend the Bolivarian Revolution and Venezuela's Right to Be!

Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) Condemns Latest U.S. Sanctions Against Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
U.S. President Declares Venezuela a Threat to National Security
U.S. Preparing for Military Aggression on Venezuela - Telesur Editorial
Venezuelan Parliament Passes Law to Confront U.S. Aggression
UNASUR Summit Convoked on "Gross" U.S. Threat to Venezuela
U.S. Aggression Against Venezuela: Fact, Not Fiction - Eva Golinger

Defend the Bolivarian Revolution and Venezuela's Right to Be!

Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) Condemns Latest U.S. Sanctions Against
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

Emergency demonstration in support of Venezuela and to oppose U.S. threats,
Vancouver, March 10, 2015.

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) condemns the hostile statements made by U.S. President Barack Obama against Venezuela. On March 9, Obama used emergency executive powers to label Venezuela as "an extraordinary threat to US national security." The U.S. has also tightened unjust and illegal sanctions against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Canada is also part of U.S. attempts to stir up counter-revolution and several failed attempts to overthrow the democratically-elected government of President Nicolás Maduro.

Obama's statement is as hypocritical as it is hysterical. Every day, all over the world, the U.S. acts as judge, jury and executioner to declare who poses a danger to U.S. national interests and engage in selective assassinations, kidnappings, torture and invasions. The U.S. incarcerates the greatest number of people in the world, especially Hispanics and African Americans, and is known for abusing due process as well as police killings of black youth with impunity and many other crimes it commits against humanity. But it accuses the Venezuelan government of "human rights abuses against anti-government protesters." Besides which, Venezuela has invaded nobody and poses no danger to the United States.

In fact it is the Venezuelan Government, faced with repeated attacks against its sovereignty, which has consistently upheld the rule of law. All those arrested for criminal offences linked to violent destabilization efforts will have fair trials.

History has shown that since the election of President Hugo Chávez by an overwhelming majority in 1998, Venezuela has been under continuous illegal, hostile and increasingly aggressive activities of the so-called opposition backed by U.S. imperialism.

The Venezuelan people have firmly faced the most vicious form of foreign interference. Time and again they have defended the Bolivarian Revolution and thwarted every attempt of the U.S. and its agents to reverse the great achievements of the people since 1998.

CPC(M-L) is convinced that the latest desperate actions of President Obama will again fail to block the people from defending and developing their Bolivarian nation-building project which is based on putting the people's well-being and dignity in the first place. The destabilization efforts are intended to hurt the people so that they turn against their President and revolutionary process. They will face the difficulties and the reactionaries will again be defeated.

The day after the imposition of Obama's sanctions President Nicolás Maduro announced that, "Venezuela is preparing to draft an anti-imperialist law to prepare for all scenarios."

CPC(M-L) demands that the illegal sanctions which violate the sovereignty and right of the Venezuelan people to chart their own path be immediately withdrawn and that Canada not participate in this reactionary campaign which violates Venezuelan sovereignty. CPC(M-L) calls on its forces across the country and on all Canadians to make every effort to make sure that the historic achievements of the Venezuelan people are defended in Canada.

Obama Stop Sanctions Now!
Victory to the Bolivarian Revolution of the Venezuelan People!

Vancouver, March 10, 2015

(Photos: HCPDF)

Return to top

U.S. President Declares Venezuela a
Threat to National Security

U.S. President Barack Obama issued an Executive Order against Venezuela on March 9 aimed at interfering in the country's sovereignty. His Executive Order is based on arguments claiming Venezuela is a threat to national security because of alleged human rights violations and widespread corruption. It reads:

"I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, find that the situation in Venezuela, including the Government of Venezuela's erosion of human rights guarantees, persecution of political opponents, curtailment of press freedoms, use of violence and human rights violations and abuses in response to anti-government protests, and arbitrary arrest and detention of anti-government protestors, as well as the exacerbating presence of significant public corruption, constitutes an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat."

Obama also ordered sanctions against seven Venezuelan officials, saying that they all would be banned from traveling to the United States and any and all assets and properties belonging to them would be frozen.

The officials affected by Obama's sanctions are Antonio José Benavides Torres, Commander of the Strategic Region for the Integral Defense (REDI) of the Central Region of Venezuela's Bolivarian National Armed Forces (FANB); Gustavo Enrique Gonzalez López, Director General of Venezuela's Bolivarian National Intelligence Service (SEBIN); and President of Venezuela's Strategic Center of Security and Protection of the Homeland (CESPPA).

Also targeted are Justo José Noguera Pietri, President of the Venezuelan Corporation of Guayana (CVG), a state-owned entity; Katherine Nayarith Haringhton Padron, a national level prosecutor of the 20th District Office of Venezuela's Public Ministry; Manuel Eduardo Perez Urdaneta, Director of Venezuela's Bolivarian National Police; Manuel Gregorio Bernal Martinez, Chief of the 31st Armored Brigade of Caracas of Venezuela's Bolivarian Army; Bernal Martínez, who was the head of SEBIN on February 12, 2014; and Miguel Alcides Vivas Landino, Inspector General of the FANB.

"We now have the tools to block their assets and their use of U.S. financial systems," White House spokesman Josh Earnest said in a statement.

As if who is responsible for the criminalization of dissent is not known the world over, Earnest added, "We are deeply concerned by the Venezuelan government's efforts to escalate intimidation of its political opponents. Venezuela's problems cannot be solved by criminalizing dissent." (He must have been chosen White House spokesman because of his name).

Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro condemned President Obama's measure and explained the executive order signed by the U.S. President coincided with a failed coup attempt in Venezuela last month, which had links to U.S. citizens.

"After we dismantled the coup attempt [...] the U.S. and President Barack Obama [...] decided to personally fulfill the task of ousting my government," Maduro said. According to intelligence reports he had received recently, over the last nine days "many meetings were held between the Department of State and the White House" to discuss measures to be taken against his government, Maduro said.

Highlighting the hypocrisy of Obama's executive order, Maduro called the statement "a Frankenstein, a monster" -- it heavily criticizes Venezuela but ends with Obama vowing to build a better relationship with the South American country.

Speaking from Miraflores Palace on the afternoon of March 9, Maduro described the U.S. measure as the most aggressive step taken yet, attributing this to its frustration and desperation.

Maduro further criticized Obama's announcement by pointing out that the U.S. is a bigger threat to the world.

"You are the real threat, who trained and created Osama Bin Laden you are the people who created al-Qaida," said Maduro. Bin Laden was trained by the CIA during the late 1970s to fight the Soviet army in Afghanistan.

Maduro pointed to the hypocrisy of the U.S. in focusing on the human rights of Venezuelans: "Defend the human rights of the black U.S. citizens being killed in U.S. cities every day, Mr. Obama," he stated.

Maduro pointed out that the U.S. has issued 105 statements on Venezuela over the past year, of which half explicitly supported opposition politicians. The Venezuelan president reiterated previous calls he had publicly made to his U.S. counterpart, urging him not to take the path of intervention that his predecessors took in Latin America.

"I've told Mr. Obama, how do you want to be remembered? Like Richard Nixon, who ousted Salvador Allende in Chile? Like President Bush, responsible for ousting President Chávez? Well President Obama, you already made your choice you will be remembered like President Nixon."

Maduro explained that a political agreement was brokered in December between opposition lawmakers and the government, and that according to Venezuela's intelligence sources it was at this point that the latest coup plot began. The opposition lawmakers broke the agreement after they received a phone call, which Maduro revealed came from the U.S. Embassy in Caracas.

By then, the president said, "we knew who had called and from where they had called, and in what language they spoke."

The Venezuelan authorities were also monitoring a group of rogue officials, who they had tracked as a result of intelligence obtained from anonymous sources in contact with the U.S. government officials.

"They were trying to revise the events of April 11, 2002," said Maduro, highlighting the similarities between recent actions carried by the opposition with events leading to the brief coup against President Hugo Chávez in 2002.

Maduro also referred to the role of Carlos Osuna, believed to be the mastermind and financier of the coup. Osuna "is in New York, under protection of the U.S. government," he said.

President Maduro also pointed out at the historical parallels in Latin American history of similar actions taken by different U.S. administrations against left-wing governments.

The rhetoric being used against Venezuela was like that "used against Salvador Allende in Chile," overthrown in a 1973 U.S.-backed coup and like that "against Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala" in 1954 when a progressive government was ousted by the U.S.

The common discourse was described by Maduro as the "coup ideals," which are based on accusing these left-wing democratically elected governments of violating rights as a justification to oust them.

President Maduro reiterated that economic sabotage -- the same tactic used against Allende in Chile -- had been planned since July 2014 by the U.S. government. Sources told the government "there was a meeting in the White House, back in July where [the U.S. government and its agencies] decided to launch economic warfare," the president revealed.

Maduro also reminded Venezuelans that he had warned about the coup attempts in the early days of January, during his tour through OPEC member countries.

In related news, on March 9, President Maduro also announced the introduction of new economic policies as a strategy to counter hoarding, TeleSUR informs.

"Starting this week, we are going to establish fingerprint scanners to guarantee security. We will install more then 20,000 fingerprint machines throughout the country to guarantee food to the people," Maduro told local media on March 9. He said that seven large private retail chains had voluntarily agreed to install the scanners, which will help guarantee the supply of basic foods and goods.

"The fingerprint readers will prevent people from buying more products than they are allotted in a measure aimed at reducing smuggling and panic-shopping, which is caused by the right-wing opposition's hoarding strategy aimed at destabilizing the government," says a report from TeleSUR. The report continues:

"The readers are also expected to significantly reduce the amount of products being smuggled, allowing for the population to purchase the goods in stores.

"Following last week's fact finding mission lead by the Union of South American Nations, or UNASUR, the regional bloc issued a statement announcing regional support for the supply of basic goods to Venezuela, including agreements such as the creation of a regional food network."

(TeleSUR. Photos: HCPDF)

Return to top

U.S. Preparing for Military Aggression on Venezuela

History shows that when the U.S. denounces a country, it is often a pretext for intervention and regime change.

Barack Obama, an ornamental figure in the White House, who was not able to impede a lunatic like Benjamin Netanyahu from addressing both houses of Congress to sabotage the talks with Iran on the country's nuclear program, has received a strict order from the "military-industrial-financial" complex: he must create the conditions to justify a military aggression against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

The presidential order issued hours ago, and broadcast by the White House press office, establishes that the country of Bolivar and Chávez is an "unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States," and declares a "national emergency" to deal with that threat.

This type of declaration tends to precede military aggressions, either by its own hand, as was the case of the bloody invasion of Panama to overthrow Manuel Noriega in 1989, as well as the one issued in relation to Southeast Asia that culminated with the Indochina war, especially in Vietnam, starting in 1964. But it can also be the prelude to military operations of a different kind, in which the United States acts jointly with its European minions, grouped under NATO, and the region's oil theocracies.

For example: the first Gulf War in 1991; or the Iraq War of 2003-2011, with the enthusiastic collaboration of Britain's Tony Blair and Spain's unpresentable José Maria Aznar; or the case of Libya in 2011, erected over the staged farce in Benghazi, where so-called "freedom fighters" -- who later turned out were mercenaries recruited by Washington, London and Paris -- were hired to overthrow Gadhafi and transfer control over the country's oil riches to its masters.

More recent cases are those of Syria and, especially, Ukraine, where the much yearned for "regime change" (a euphemism to avoid talking about a coup) that Washington pursues ceaselessly to redesign the world -- above all in Latin America and the Caribbean -- in its image and likeness, has been achieved thanks to the invaluable cooperation of the European Union and NATO, and whose result has been a bloodbath that continues in Ukraine today.

Miss Victoria Nuland, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, was sent to Kiev's Maidan Square by Mr. 2009 Nobel Peace Prize (aka President Obama) to express her solidarity with the demonstrators, including the bands of neo-Nazis that later would seize power by storm, through blood and fire, and to whom the kindly official was handing out bread and water bottles to quench their thirst, to demonstrate, with such an affectionate gesture, that Washington was, as always, on the side of liberty, human rights and democracy.

When a "rogue state" like the United States -- which it is because of its systematic violations of international law -- issues a threat like the one we are commenting on, it must be taken very seriously. Especially if one remembers the persistence of an old U.S. political tradition that consists of carrying out coups that serve as pretext for justifying its immediate military response.

It did so in 1898 when it made the U.S. cruiser Maine explode in Havana harbor, sending two thirds of its crew to the grave and provoking the indignation of North American public opinion, which propelled Washington to declare war on Spain. It did so again in Pearl Harbor, in December 1941, sacrificing 2,403 mariners and wounding another 1,178 in that infamous maneuver. It did so again in the Gulf of Tonkin incident to "sell" its war in Indochina: the alleged North Vietnamese aggression against two U.S. cruisers -- later unmasked as a CIA operation -- which caused President Lyndon B. Johnson to declare a national emergency, and, a little later, war against North Vietnam. Maurice Bishop, in the small island of Grenada, was also considered a threat to U.S. national security in 1983, and was overthrown and liquidated by an invasion of U.S. Marines. And the suspicious 9/11 attack to launch the "War on Terrorism"? The history could extend itself indefinitely.

Conclusion: Nobody could be surprised if, in the following hours or days, Obama authorizes a secret operation of the CIA, or some other intelligence service, or maybe the armed forces themselves, against some sensitive U.S. target in Venezuela, for example the embassy in Caracas. Or begin some other deceitful operation against innocent civilians in Venezuela -- as in the case of "terrorist attempts" that shook Italy -- the murder of Aldo Moro in 1978, or the bomb in the Bologna train station in 1980 -- to create panic and justify the Empire's response in "restoring" human rights, democracy and public liberties. Years later it was discovered that these crimes were committed by the CIA.

Remember that Washington birthed the 2002 coup in Venezuela, maybe because it wanted to assure for itself the oil supply before attacking Iraq. Now it is in the process of a two-front war: Syria/Islamic State, and Russia, and also wants a secured energy rearguard. Serious, very serious. This calls for the active and immediate solidarity of South American governments, in individual fashion and through UNASUR and CELAC, and popular organizations and political forces in our Americas to denounce and stop this maneuver.

(March 9, 2015. Photo: HCPDF)

Return to top

Venezuelan Parliament Passes Law to
Confront U.S. Aggression

On March 10, the Venezuelan National Assembly passed an enabling law that allows the country's president to act to protect the peace against recent threats made by the United States government of Barack Obama, especially the March 9 statement that declared Venezuela a "threat to the national security" and calling the situation a national emergency.

The bill received 99 percent of votes from the Great Patriotic Pole alliance, the largest voting bloc in the National Assembly, that holds 98 of 165 seats, or 59.4 per cent of seats. It will now move to a second reading for final approval. According to Venezuela's constitution, 60 percent of the National Assembly must approve an enabling law, and the purpose behind the law and its time frame must be clear.

President Nicolás Maduro addressed the National Assembly on the afternoon of March 10 after the draft legislation was submitted, saying the country's parliamentary elections must go on in spite of the gravity of the threats made by the Obama administration. "We are going to parliamentary elections to let the people decide what will happen in this country," he said. "And we will go into it with the same position as always... If we win, we win, and if we lose, we lose and that's it ... Democracy, peace and constitution is what we want."

During his speech, the president also thanked the Latin America and the Caribbean nations which have expressed support to his government against the constant attacks of the United States.

Speaking earlier on national public television, Maduro explained that the proposed law had been written together with Deputy Attorney General Reinaldo Muñoz in order to preserve Venezuela's "integrity, sovereignty, in the face of any circumstances that could arise with this imperialist aggression."

Maduro also reported that various executive bodies had discussed actions "to politically and diplomatically denounce this United States aggression to various organizations," in order to prove the illegality of the U.S. decree.

President Maduro had previously requested an enabling law in 2013 to fight corruption and the economic warfare being waged by business and opposition sectors.


Return to top

UNASUR Summit Convoked on
"Gross" U.S. Threat to Venezuela

Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa announced that the foreign ministers from the member states of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) will meet on March 12 to discuss the "gross, illegal, shameless, outrageous, and unjustified act of interference by the United States" in Venezuelan affairs.

"This Thursday the foreign ministers of UNASUR will meet in Montevideo in order to organize a summit of the heads of state [of UNASUR] next week where we will give the corresponding answer to that gross, illegal, shameless, outrageous, and unjustified act of interference by the United States in the internal affairs of Venezuela," said Correa during a press conference.

The meeting of UNASUR foreign ministers of follows the March 9 declaration by U.S. President Barack Obama that Venezuela poses an "unusual and extraordinary threat" to the United States.

The head of UNASUR, Ernesto Samper, has already made clear that the bloc stands behind the democratically-elected government of President Nicolás Maduro.

"There is no possibility that UNASUR will validate any attempt to disrupt the democratic process in any country in the region," said Samper.

Several Latin American heads of state have also condemned the declaration by the U.S. President. The 12-member states of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA) group also joined the growing list of countries to speak out against U.S. threats against Venezuela.

"How is Venezuela a threat to the United States? Thousands of kilometers away, without strategic weapons and without the resources to conspire against the U.S. constitutional order; the [White House] declaration has little credibility," read the statement of the Cuban government published in the newspaper Granma on March 10.

Former Cuban President Fidel Castro praised President Maduro's "brilliant and valiant" response to what he described as "brutal" U.S. plans against Venezuela. The comments were made in a short letter to Maduro on the night of March 9 when Obama issued his declaration.

Earlier in the day, Bolivia's President Evo Morales said the regional blocs UNASUR and Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and should immediately hold an "emergency meeting," arguing the U.S. sanctions pose a threat to "all of Latin America and the Caribbean."

"In the 21st Century we condemn, repudiate and will not accept this kind of intervention by the United States," Morales said. "All of our solidarity and our support goes to President Maduro, and the revolutionary Bolivarian government and people of Venezuela."

Ecuadorean President Rafael Correo said on his Facebook account on March 10, "An executive order by Obama declaring Venezuela a national security threat and declaring a national emergency to face this threat... It must be a bad joke, which reminds us of the darkest hours of our America, when we received invasions and dictatorships imposed by imperialism... Will they understand that Latin America has changed?"

Social media users have coined the hashtag #ObamaYankeeGoHome, posting over 80,000 tweets with the tag within the first 24 hours following Obama's announcements.

(TeleSUR, Venezuelanalysis)

Return to top

U.S. Aggression Against Venezuela: Fact, Not Fiction

The U.S. has a substantial history of aggression toward Venezuela.

Recently, several different spokespersons for the Obama administration have firmly claimed the United States government is not intervening in Venezuelan affairs. Department of State spokeswoman Jen Psaki went so far as to declare, "The allegations made by the Venezuelan government that the United States is involved in coup plotting and destabilization are baseless and false." Psaki then reiterated a bizarrely erroneous statement she had made during a daily press briefing just a day before [February 19]: "The United States does not support political transitions by non-constitutional means."

Anyone with minimal knowlege of Latin America and world history knows Psaki's claim is false, and calls into question the veracity of any of her prior statements. The U.S. government has backed, encouraged and supported coup d'etats in Latin America and around the world for over a century. Some of the more notorious ones that have been openly acknowledged by former U.S. presidents and high level officials include coup d'etats against Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran in 1953, Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala in 1954, Patrice Lumumba in the Congo in 1960, Joao Goulart of Brazil in 1964 and Salvador Allende in Chile in 1973. More recently, in the twenty-first century, the U.S. government openly supported the coups against President Hugo Chávez in Venezuela in 2002, Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti in 2004 and José Manuel Zelaya of Honduras in 2009. Ample evidence of CIA and other U.S. agency involvement in all of these unconstitutional overthrows of democratically-elected governments abounds. What all of the overthrown leaders had in common was their unwillingness to bow to U.S. interests.

Despite bogus U.S. government claims, after Hugo Chávez was elected President of Venezuela by an overwhelming majority in 1998, and subsequently refused to take orders from Washington, he became a fast target of U.S. aggression. Though a U.S.-supported coup d'etat briefly overthrew Chávez in 2002, his subsequent rescue by millions of Venezuelans and loyal armed forces, and his return to power, only increased U.S. hostility towards the oil-rich nation. After Chávez's death in 2013 from cancer, his democratically-elected successor, Nicolásas Maduro, became the brunt of these attacks.

What follows is a brief summary of U.S. aggression towards Venezuela that clearly shows a one-sided war. Venezuela has never threatened or taken any kind of action to harm the United States or its interests. Nonetheless, Venezuela, under both Chávez and Maduro -- two presidents who have exerted Venezuela's sovereignty and right to self-determination -- has been the ongoing victim of continuous, hostile and increasingly aggressive actions from Washington.


A coup d'etat against Chávez was carried out on April 11, 2002. Documents obtained under the U.S. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) evidence a clear role of the U.S. government in the coup, as well as financial and political support for those Venezuelans involved.

President Chávez raises a defiant fist after the people defeat the coup
and he is released on April 14, 2002.

A "lockout" and economic sabotage of Venezuela's oil industry was imposed from December 2002 to February 2003. After the defeat of the coup against Chávez, the U.S. State Department issued a special fund via the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) to help the opposition continue efforts to overthrow Chávez. USAID set up an Office for Transition Initiatives (OTI) in Caracas, subcontracting U.S. defense contractor Development Alternatives Inc. (DAI) to oversee Venezuela operations and distribute millions of dollars to anti-government groups. The result was the "national strike" launched in December 2002 that ground the oil industry to a halt and devastated the economy. It lasted 64 days and caused more than $20 billion in damages. Nonetheless, the efforts failed to destabilize the Chávez government.

The "guarimbas" of 2004: On February 27, 2004, extremist anti-government groups initiated violent protests in Caracas aimed at overthrowing Chávez. They lasted 4 days and caused multiple deaths. The leaders of these protests had received training from the U.S. Albert Einstein Institute (AEI), which specializes in regime change tactics and strategies.

The Recall Referendum of 2004: Both NED and USAID channeled millions of dollars into a campaign to recall President Chávez through a national recall referendum. With the funds, the group Sumate, led by multi-millionaire Maria Corina Machado, was formed to oversee the efforts. Chávez won the referendum in a landslide 60-40 victory.


After the victory of President Chávez in the recall referendum of 2004, the U.S. toughened its position towards Venezuela and increased its public hostility and aggression against the Venezuelan government. Here are a selection of statements made about Venezuela by U.S. officials:

January 2005: "Hugo Chávez is a negative force in the region." -Condoleezza Rice.

March 2005: "Venezuela is one of the most unstable and dangerous ‘hot spots' in Latin America." -Porter Goss, ex-Director of the CIA.

"Venezuela is starting a dangerous arms race that threatens regional security." -Donald Rumsfeld, ex-Secretary of Defense.

"I am concerned about Venezuela's influence in the area of responsibility...SOUTHCOM supports the position of the Joint Chiefs to maintain ‘military to military' contact with the Venezuelan military we need an inter-agency focus to deal with Venezuela." -General Bantz Craddock, ex-Commander of SOUTHCOM.

July 2005: "Cuba and Venezuela are promoting instability in Latin America There is no doubt that President Chávez is funding radical forces in Bolivia." -Rogelio Pardo-Maurer, Assistant Sub-Secretary of Defense for the Western Hemisphere.

"Venezuela and Cuba are promoting radicalism in the region...Venezuela is trying to undermine the democratic governments in the region to impede CAFTA." -Donald Rumsfeld, ex-Secretary of Defense.

August 2005: "Venezuelan territory is a safe haven for Colombian terrorists." -Tom Casey, State Department spokesman.

September 2005: "The problem of working with President Chávez is serious and continuous, as it is in other parts of the relationship." -John Walters, Director of the National Policy Office for Drug Control.

November 2005: "The assault on democratic institutions in Venezuela continues and the system is in serious danger." -Thomas Shannon, Sub-secretary of State.


February 2006: "President Chávez continues to use his control to repress the opposition, reduce freedom of the press and restrict democracy ....it's a threat." -John Negroponte, ex-Director of National Intelligence.

"We have Chávez in Venezuela with a lot of money from oil. He is a person who was elected legally, just like Adolf Hitler..." - Donald Rumsfeld, ex-Secretary of Defense.

March 2006: "In Venezuela, a demagogue full of oil money is undermining democracy and trying to destabilize the region." -George W. Bush.

U.S. officials try to link Venezuela to Terrorism:

June 2006: "Venezuela's cooperation in the international campaign against terrorism continues to be insignificant...It's not clear to what point the Venezuelan government offered material support to Colombian terrorists." - Annual Report on Terrorism, Department of State.

June 2006: The U.S. government through the Commerce Department and U.S. Treasury imposes sanctions against Venezuela for its alleged role in terrorism and prohibits the sale of military equipment to the country.

July 2006: "Venezuela, under President Hugo Chávez, has tolerated terrorists in its territory..." -Subcommittee on International Terrorism, House of Representatives.

U.S. increases its Military Presence in Latin America:

The Socialist Party of Venezuela is founded, December 2006.

March-July 2006: The U.S. military engages in four major exercises off the coast of Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea, with support from NATO, and based at the U.S. air force base in Curaçao. A permanent military presence is established in the Dominican Republic and the bases in Curaçao and Aruba are reinforced.

The U.S. Embassy in Caracas establishes the "American Corners" in 5 Venezuelan States (Lara, Monagas, Bolívar, Anzoátegui, Nueva Esparta), to act as centers of propaganda, subversion, espionage and infiltration.

U.S. Ambassador William Brownfield intensifies his public hostility towards the Venezuelan government, making frequent sarcastic and unfriendly comments in opposition-controlled media.

NED and USAID increase funding to anti-government groups in Venezuela.


At the beginning of 2007, Venezuela is severely attacked in the international media and by U.S. government spokespersons for its decision to nationalize Cantv (the only national telephone company), the Caracas' electricity and the Faja Orinoco oil fields.

In May 2007 the attack intensifies when the government decides not to renew the public broadcasting concession to popular opposition television station, RCTV.

A powerful international media campaign is initiated against Venezuela and President Chávez, referring to him as a dictator.

Private distributors and companies begin hoarding food and other essential consumer products in order to create shortages and panic amongst the population.

USAID, the NED and the State Department via the Embassy in Caracas foment, fund and encourage the emergence of a right-wing youth movement and help to project its favorable image to the international community in order to distort the perception of President Chávez's popularity amongst youth.

Groups such as Human Rights Watch, Inter-American Press Association and Reporters without Borders accuse Venezuela of violating human rights and freedom of expression.

September 2007: President George W. Bush classifies Venezuela as a nation "not cooperating" with the war against drug trafficking, for the third year in a row, imposing additional economic sanctions.

September 2007: Condoleezza Rice declares the U.S. is "concerned about the destructive populism" of Chávez.


January 2008: Admiral Mike Mullen, Chief of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the U.S. Armed Forces meets with Colombian President Alvaro Uribe, then Minister of Defense Juan Manuel Santos, U.S. Ambassador William Brownfield and the Commander General of the Colombian Armed Forces Freddy Padilla de Leon and declares during a press conference that he is "concerned about the arms purchases made by Chávez" and expresses that this could "destabilize the region."

John Walters, the U.S. Anti-Drug Czar meets with Uribe in Colombia, together with 5 U.S. congresspersons and Ambassador Brownfield, and declares Venezuela a nation "complicit with drug trafficking" that presents "a threat to the U.S. and the region." He also expresses his wish that the Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and Colombia be ratified by Congress soon.

Condoleezza Rice visits Colombia, together with Sub-Secretary of State Thomas Shannon and 10 congress members from the Democratic Party to push the FTA and back Colombia in its conflict with Venezuela.

President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address emphasizes the importance of the FTA with Colombia alerts to the threat of "populist" and "undemocratic" governments in the region.

February 2008: SOUTHCOM sends the Navy's "4th fleet" to the Caribbean Sea (a group of war ships, submarines and aircraft carriers that haven't been in those waters since the Cold War).

The Director of National Intelligence, General Mike McConnell, publishes the Annual Threat Report, which classifies Venezuela as the "principal threat against the U.S. in the hemisphere."

Exxon-Mobil tries to "freeze" $12 billion of Venezuelan assets in London, Holland and the Dutch Antilles.

A Report on Present Threats to National Security of the Defense Intelligence Agency classifies Venezuela as a "national security threat" to the U.S.

A Department of State report accuses Venezuela of being a country that permits "the transit of illegal drugs," "money laundering" and being "complicit with drug trafficking."

The U.S. Department of Treasury classifies three high level Venezuelan officials as "drug kingpins," presenting no formal evidence. The head of Venezuela's military intelligence, General Hugo Carvajal, the head of Venezuela's civil intelligence force, General Henry Rangel Silva, and former Minister of Interior and Justice, Ramon Rodriguez Chacin are sanctioned by the U.S. government and placed on a terrorist list.

Rear Admiral Joseph Nimmich, Director of the U.S. Joint Interagency Task Force, meets in Bogota with the Commander General of the Colombian Armed Forces.

March 2008: The Colombian army invades Ecuadorian territory and assassinates Raúl Reyes of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and a dozen others, including 4 Mexicans, at a FARC camp in the jungle near the border.

General Jorge Naranjo, Commander of Colombia's National Police, declares that laptop computers rescued from the scene of the bombing that killed Reyes and others evidence that President Chávez gave more than $300 million to the FARC along with a quantity of uranium and weapons. No other evidence is produced or shown to the public. Ecuador is also accused of supporting the FARC.

Venezuela mobilizes troops to the border with Colombia.

The U.S. Navy sends the Aircraft Carrier Harry Truman to the Caribbean Sea to engage in military exercises to prevent potential terrorist attacks and eventual conflicts in the region.

President Bush states the U.S. will defend Colombia against the "provocations" from Venezuela.

Uribe announces he will bring a claim before the International Criminal Court against President Chávez for "sponsoring genocide and terrorism."

March 2008: President Bush requests his team of lawyers and advisors review the possibility of placing Venezuela on the list of "STATE SPONSORS OF TERRORISM" together with Cuba, Iran, Syria and North Korea.

Mass rally celebrates 10 years of Hugo Chávez, December 6, 2008.


May 2009: A document from the U.S. Air Force shows the construction of a U.S. military base in Palanquero, Colombia, to combat the "anti-American" governments in the region. The Palanquero base is part of the 7 military bases that the U.S. planned to build in Colombia under an agreement with the Colombian government for a ten-year period.


February 2010: The U.S. Director of National Intelligence declares Venezuela the "anti-American leader" in the region in its annual report on worldwide threats.

February 2010: The State Department authorizes more than $15 million via NED and USAID to anti-government groups in Venezuela.

June 2010: A report from the FRIDE Institute in Spain, funded by NED, evidences that international agencies channel between $40-50 million a year to anti-government groups in Venezuela.

September 2010: Washington ratifies sanctions against Venezuela for allegedly not cooperating with counter-narcotics efforts or the war on terror.


Mass action in Falcon state, repudiates U.S. inteference and affirms the Venezuelan people's dignity and sovereignty, March 21, 2014.

President Obama authorizes a special fund of $5 million in his annual budget to support anti-government groups in Venezuela. In 2015, Obama increases this amount to $5.5 million.

NED continues to fund anti-government groups in Venezuela with about $2 million annually.

Each year, the U.S. government includes Venezuela on a list of countries that do not cooperate with counter-narcotics efforts or the war on terror. Also in its annual human rights report, the State Department classifies Venezuela as a "violator" of human rights.

Subsequent to President Chávez's death from cancer on March 5, 2013, new elections are held and Nicolás Maduro wins the presidency. Opposition leaders hold violent demonstrations that result in the deaths of more than a dozen people.

The broad masses of Venezuealans show their support for the Bolivarian Revolution and President Maduro, February 15, 2014.

In February 2014, the violent protests resume, led by Leopoldo López and Maria Corina Machado, who openly call for the overthrow of President Maduro, and over 40 people are killed. López turns himself in to authorities and faces charges for his role in the violence. The U.S. government calls for his immediate release.

In December 2014, President Obama imposed sanctions on more than 50 Venezuelan officials and their relatives, accusing them of violating human rights and engaging in corruption. No evidence has been presented to date to support these serious allegations. The Commerce Department also expanded sanctions against Venezuela, prohibiting the sale of "any products" that could be destined for "military use" due to alleged human rights violations committed by the Venezuelan Armed Forces.

January 2015: Vice President Joe Biden warns Caribbean countries that the government of President Nicolás Maduro will soon be "defeated" and therefore they should abandon their discounted oil program with Venezuela, PetroCaribe.

State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki condemns the alleged "criminalization of political dissent" in Venezuela.

February 2015: President Obama unveils his new National Security Strategy and names Venezuela as a threat and stresses support for Venezuelan "citizens" living in a country where "democracy is at risk."

Anti-government leaders circulate a document for a "transitional government agreement" which warns President Maduro's government is in its "final stage" and pledges to overhaul the entire government and socialist system in place, replacing it with a neoliberal, pro-business model. The document is signed by Maria Corina Machado, jailed opposition leader Leopoldo López and Antonio Ledezma, mayor of Metropolitan Caracas.

Days later, a coup plot against President Nicolás Maduro is thwarted and 10 active Venezuelan military officers are detained. Antonio Ledezma is arrested and charged with conspiracy to overthrow the government and the U.S. State Department issues a harsh condemnation of his detention, calling on regional governments to take action against the Maduro administration.

White House spokesman Josh Earnest denies any U.S. government role in the coup attempt against Maduro, calling such allegations "ludicrous," but further reveals, "The Treasury Department and the State Department are considering tools that may be available that could better steer the Venezuelan government in the direction that we believe they should be headed."

(February 25, 2015)

Return to top


Read The Marxist-Leninist Daily
Website:  www.cpcml.ca   Email:  editor@cpcml.ca