November 26, 2010 - No. 203
U.S. Congress to Increase Aggression
Against Venezuela, ALBA Countries
Venezuelan Parliament Holds Special
Parliament Holds Special Session - James Suggett,
• U.S. Congress to Increase Aggression Against
Venezuela, ALBA Countries
- Eva Golinger, Postcards from the Revolution
Reflections by Comrade Fidel Castro
• Evo's Speech
U.S. Congress to Increase Aggression
Against Venezuela, ALBA Countries
Venezuelan Parliament Holds Special
Venezuelan President Hugo
Chavez presides over a special session of Parliament, November 23,
The Venezuelan government held a special event in the
National Assembly on Tuesday to express its opposition to a recent
meeting held in the U.S. Congress between U.S. legislators and members
of Latin America's right-wing elite.
The November 17th meeting in question was titled "Danger
in the Andes: Threats to Democracy, Human Rights and Inter-American
Security" and was held at the U.S. Congressional Visitors Center in
The agenda included a discussion of whether Venezuela,
Cuba, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Nicaragua "constitute a threat to U.S.
interests and inter-American security," and whether the U.S. is
"equipped to respond." Venezuela's "21st Century Socialism" and the
Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA),
a fair trade bloc based on solidarity and social development, were
highlighted as examples of the "erosion of democracy" in the region.
In Tuesday's event in Caracas, which was titled an "Act
in Defense of National Sovereignty," President Hugo Chavez called the
Washington meeting an act of imperialist aggression against Venezuela.
"We are here to defend our homeland as humans. We are defending our
right to follow our own path,"
Chavez told the National Assembly.
The president's Council of Ministers, the heads of all
five branches of the government, legislators, the high military
command, and several state and local officials, ambassadors, and
community representatives attended Tuesday's event.
U.S.-Venezuelan lawyer and investigative journalist Eva
Golinger also spoke about the U.S. government's funneling of millions
of dollars to "psychological operations," or propaganda campaigns to
slander governments with policies that are not in line with U.S.
Golinger said these campaigns are designed primarily by
the Pentagon and the State Department with the collaboration of local
media outlets, journalists, and other parties. According to Golinger,
in 2011 the Pentagon slotted U.S.$384.8 million for psychological
operations through the U.S. Southern
Command and the Congress approved U.S.$768.8 million for the State
Department to create a special propaganda division. Funds are also
channeled through the U.S. government-funded National Endowment for
Democracy (NED) and the U.S. Organization for International Development
(USAID), reported Golinger.
President Chavez called on the National Assembly to pass
a law to stop this money from reaching Venezuelan civil society groups.
"It is beyond belief, even though we have our constitution, that we
allow political parties, non-governmental organizations, and
counter-revolutionary individuals to continue
to be financed with millions from the [United States] empire and that
they make use of it with full freedom to violate and destabilize," said
"I am sure that the Venezuelan government I head --
under the constitution -- is not going to continue allowing this," he
said. "A very severe law should be passed to impede Yankee financing."
Legislator Saúl Ortega, from the Foreign
Relations Committee of the National Assembly, said on Tuesday that two
law proposals are already in the works with the aim of "putting
controls on these non-governmental organizations that receive financing
for destabilizing actions," and for the "control of
Several Venezuelan opposition groups including
Súmate, which has acknowledged receiving NED funding, are
suspected of involvement in subversive actions, including
demonstrations that culminated in the military coup d'état that
temporarily ousted Chavez from power in April 2002.
Some domestic organizations that are not explicitly
aligned with any political party or movement have expressed concern
that if a new law bans all foreign funding without distinguishing the
origin or the purpose of the funds, groups providing social services
and engaging in human rights advocacy
could have their efforts weakened.
Another point of discussion during Tuesday's special
session was Guillermo Zuloaga, owner of opposition television station
Globovision that aided the April 2002 coup d'état by
broadcasting manipulated images and suppressing news before, during and
after the coup events.
Zuloaga, who is wanted in Venezuela for money laundering
and hoarding of marketable vehicles at his private residence, attended
the Washington meeting. He told reporters outside the U.S.
Congressional Visitors Center that Venezuela is a "threat to the United
Chavez referred to Zuloaga during Tuesday's event,
saying, "Venezuela's bourgeoisie has to learn that it won't just get
away with having one of its representatives go off to the U.S. Congress
to attack Venezuela, while keeping a TV station here."
Also during the event, Chavez told the National Assembly
that in order to "defeat the imperial threat," it must "radicalize the
revolution" by embracing "extreme left" policies in order to counter
the "extreme right" policies of legislators who were newly elected in
September and will be sworn in early
National Assembly President Cilia Flores called on
Venezuelans to organize similar events around the country to express
opposition to U.S. interference in Venezuelan affairs.
In a related event this week, President Chavez said he
would welcome U.S. President Barack Obama to Caracas for a diplomatic
visit. "We would sit, talk, and eat arepas [a Venezuelan staple food];
I would take you to the streets of Caracas," he said. "I would give you
my hand one more time and
suggest that you honor your promises to your people," said Chavez.
He also urged Obama to "ignore the stereotype. Don't pay
attention to the lie-filled reports that say we are a threat."
In April 2009, during Obama's first trip to Latin
America as president, Chavez gave him Eduardo Galeano's book, Open
Veins of Latin America, and the two countries expressed their
willingness to revamp previously severed diplomatic relations. But
relations currently remain stalled, as Venezuela
has rejected Washington's ambassador nominee Larry Palmer.
Palmer heads the U.S. government-funded Inter-American
Foundation, which specializes in channeling money to non-governmental
organizations. He also made controversial remarks in a Senate hearing
earlier this year in which he alluded to Venezuela's alleged ties to
armed insurgent groups that the
U.S. deems "terrorists," prompting the nominee's rejection by
U.S. Congress to Increase Aggression Against Venezuela,
Members of the extreme Latin American rightwing, many of
participated in coups d'état and acts of destabilization and
held a meeting last Wednesday in Washington with high-level
representatives of the U.S. Congress. The event is evidence of an
escalation in U.S. aggression toward the
The new conference room in the U.S. Congressional
hosted a meeting titled "Danger in the Andes: Threats to Democracy,
Human Rights, and Inter-American Security," last Wednesday, November 17.
The subjects discussed during this spectacle hosted by
Congress evidence an escalation in aggression against countries such as
Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia, Ecuador and Nicaragua -- all members of the
Bolivarian Alliance of the Peoples of Our America (ALBA) -- and
around three primary questions:
* Are democracy and human rights in danger under the
"21st Century Socialism" of Venezuela, Ecuador, and Bolivia?
* Does the ALBA Alliance of Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia,
Nicaragua constitute a threat to U.S. interests and inter-American
* Is current U.S. policy toward the region equipped to
respond to the
erosion of democracy and the pernicious influence of such hostile
actors as Iran, foreign and domestic terrorist groups, and narcotics
The event was sponsored by the U.S. Congress and counted
participation of those who head the House Foreign Affairs Committees,
including Elliot Engel, New York Democrat and current chairman of the
House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere; Connie
Mack, Florida Republican and incoming chairman of the same committee;
Ros-Lehtinen, Florida Republican and soon to be chairwoman of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee; and Ron Klein, Florida Democrat and member
of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere.
The presence of Democrats as well as Republicans at this
opposing ALBA nations is clear evidence that Washington's aggressive
policies towards Latin America are bipartisan and official state policy
of the United States government.
Members of the Latin American extreme rightwing
Wednesday's event, alongside these congressional representatives, as
"experts" on what they consider to be a "threat" to their regional
influence and power.
From Venezuela, Guillermo Zuloaga, president of
Venezuela's Fox News
affiliate, Globovision, a rabid anti-Chavez television station, gave a
speech calling on Washington to respond to the "threat" posed against
U.S. interests by the government of Hugo Chavez. Zuloaga fled justice
earlier this year
after he was indicted by a Venezuelan court for money laundering,
fraud, and illegal speculation of consumer goods. He has since
requested refuge in the U.S. and has stated he will not return to
Venezuela to face the charges against him.
From Bolivia, members of the separatist terrorist groups
Cruz, such as Luis Nuñez, the president of the Santa Cruz Civic
Committee and Javier El-Hage, representing the nefarious Human Rights
Foundation, Bolivia Chapter, participated in the event, calling for a
more strident policy against
the government of Evo Morales. Despite its noble name, The Human Rights
Foundation is an organization created by a Venezuelan anti-Chavez
activist, Thor Halvorssen, which is dedicated to attacking the
government of Hugo Chávez and has called for U.S. military
Alejandro Aguirre, president of the Inter-American Press
(IAPA), an entity run by media owners from Latin America, also
participated in the event, reinforcing ties between mass media and
right-wing politics in the region. Other notable participants included
former USAID director for
Latin America, Jose Cardenas; ex-US Drug Czar, John Walters; Joel Hirst
from the powerful Council on Foreign Relations, a "shadow" government
in Washington; Otto Reich, former U.S. Ambassador to Venezuela (who
terrorist Orlando Bosch from a Venezuelan prison cell in 1989) and
State for Latin American Affairs during the 2002 coup d'etat in
Venezuela; and Roger Noriega, also a former Assistant Secretary of
State for Latin American Affairs under the George W. Bush government
and a former U.S. Ambassador to the Organization of American States
All of these people have a history of hostility and
against the government of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela and have promoted,
supported, and financed coups d'etats in Venezuela, Bolivia, Honduras
and Ecuador over the past decade, as well as perpetual attempts to
undermine peace and stability
Representatives from neocon parties and organizations in
were also present, such as rightwing attorney Edgar Teran, and
congressional representative Enrique Herreria. Former president and
coup leader Lucio Guitierrez, implicated in last month's attempt to
overthrow and assassinate Ecuadorean
President Rafael Correa, was a star guest at Wednesday's political
gala. Guitierrez also called on U.S. officials to take a firmer stance
against the "threat of socialism of the 21st Century in Ecuador,
Bolivia and Venezuela."
Additional sponsors of this hostile event included
Venezuelan organization based in Miami, created by a self-exiled
Venezuelan lawyer, Yuri Lopez Perez, who defends the Caracas police
commissioners sentenced for multiple homicides that occurred during the
April 2002 coup d'etat
Several conservative think tanks from Washington and
Miami also were present at the gathering.
The InterAmerican Institute for Democracy, founded in
Argentine Guillermo Lousteau Heguy, whose board members include the
Cuban terrorists Carlos Alberto Montaner and Armando Valladares, was
another sponsor. Curiously, this Institute held an event titled
"Breakfast with Lucio Guitierrez"
on September 23, 2010, just one week before the attempted coup d'etat
against President Rafael Correa in Ecuador that was led by Guitierrez
Other hosts included U.S. organizations such as The
Foundation, American Enterprise Institute (AEI), Center for Security
Policy and the Hudson Institute; four right-wing "think tanks" which
have dedicated themselves to attacking Venezuela during recent
years, publishing "reports" on
the alleged "threats" from the Hugo Chevez government, and channeling
millions of dollars to destabilizing sectors within the Venezuelan
At the conclusion of Wednesday's meeting, Congresswoman
Ros-Lehtinen declared that Washington "should work closer with regional
allies to confront the danger against democracy in Venezuela" and other
countries, such as Bolivia and Ecuador. Representative Connie Mack went
his call to action, remarking, "Now that Republicans have a majority in
Congress we should confront Hugo Chavez directly."
This event is proof that following the U.S. legislative
November 2, during which reactionary Republicans obtained a resounding
congressional majority, Washington's policies toward Latin America will
be far more aggressive and dangerous in the months to come.
Reflections by Comrade Fidel Castro
Bolivan President Evo
Morales inaugurates the Conference of Ministers of Defense of the
in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, November 22, 2010. (ABN)
There are moments in history that require a speech,
even if it is as brief as the "Alea jacta est" ("The die is cast")
pronounced by Julius Caesar when he crossed the Rubicon. It had to be
crossed that day, precisely when the ministers of defence of the
sovereign states of the western hemisphere were meeting
in the city of Santa Cruz, where the Yankees had been encouraging
secessionism and the disintegratrion of Bolivia.
It was Monday the 21st and the news agencies were
devoting their time to divulging and commenting on the NATO meeting in
Lisbon where that war-mongering institution, using arrogant and uncouth
language, proclaimed its right to intevene in any country of the world
wherever their interests were being felt
to be threatened.
They were completely ignoring the fate of billions of
people, and the real causes of poverty and suffering of most of the
NATO's cynicism deserved an answer, and that arrived in
the voice of an Aymara Indian from Bolivia, in the heart of South
America, where a more human civilization had blossomed before the
Conquest, colonialism, capitalist development and imperialism imposed
the rule of brute force, based on the power
of more developed weapons and technologies.
Evo Morales, president of that country, elected by the
vast majority of his people, with indisputable arguments, information
and facts, perhaps even before being aware of the monstrous NATO
document, provided an answer to the policy that the United States
government has historically been carrying out with
the peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean.
The policy of might expressed through wars, crimes,
violations to consititutions and the laws; training the officers of the
armed institutions in conspiracies, coups d'état, political
crimes that were used to overthrow progressive governments and install
regimes of force to which they regularly offered political, military
and media support.
Never was there a more timely speech.
Many times using the expressive manner of his Aymara
language, he stated truths that will go down in history.
I shall attempt to briefly summarize what he said, using
his own phrases and words:
"Thank you very much.
"It is a great satisfaction to receive you, the
ministers of defence of the Americas, in Santa Cruz de la Sierra; Santa
Cruz, the land of Ignacio Warnes, of Juan José Manuel Vaca,
rebellious men who from 1810 fought and gave their lives for the
independence of our beloved Bolivia.
"Men such as Andrés Ibáñez,
Atahuallpa Tumpa, a native brother who, during the republic, fought for
autonomy and for equality for all the peoples of our lands.
"Welcome to Bolivia, land of Túpac Katarí,
land of Bartolina Sisa, of Simón Bolívar and of so many
men who fought 200 years ago for the Independence of Bolivia and many
countries in the Americas.
"Latin America [...], in recent years, is living through
profound democratic transformations seeking equality and dignity for
"...following the footsteps of Antonio José de
Sucre, of Simón Bolívar, of so many native, mestizo and
Creole leaders who lived 200 years ago."
"Exactly one week ago, we were celebrating the
bicentenary of the Army of Bolivia which, on November 14th of 1810,
native peoples, mestizos and Creoles had organized as a military force
to fight against Spanish domination..."
"In recent years, Latin America again takes up that
decision to free ourselves as in a second liberation that is not only
social or cultural but also economic and financial for the peoples of
"...this 9th Conference of Ministers of Defense has
on its agenda gender and multiculturalism in the Armed Forces,
democracy, peace and security for the Americas, natural disasters,
humanitarian aid and the role of the Armed Forces; an appropriate
agenda, an agenda that is well-conceived to discuss the
hopes of the peoples, not just of Latin America, but of the world."
"In 1985 [...] the only ones who could be elected or
could elect authorities were those having money, those who had a
profession or who spoke Spanish or Castilian.
"Therefore, less than 10 percent of the Bolivian
population could take part in electing or being elected as authorities,
and more than 90 percent of us had no rights [...] there have been
various processes [...] some reforms, but in 2009, with the
participation of the Bolivian people for the very first time, a new
Plurinational State Constitution was passed by the Bolivian people."
"...in this new Constitution, of course the most
excluded sectors [...] had no rights to be elected or to elect the
State authorities of the Republic of Bolivia.
"More than 180 years had to go by for us to make some
profound transformations and incorporate these historically excluded
sectors in Bolivia, and I hope I am not mistaken, I think it is the
only country not just in the Americas but in the entire world where 50
percent of the ministers are women and 50 percent
"Of course beyond norms, the constitution [...] I think
that this is the political decision we must take in order to include
the most abandoned sectors; after the Constitution was approved by the
Bolivian people in 2009, the most excluded, reviled people, those that
were considered to be animals, those that were
the indigenous movement, now they are represented in the Plurinational
Legislative Assembly as well as in the departmental assemblies.
"Something important; for the indigenous movements that
do not have a large population, special electoral districts have been
created so that our brothers and sisters from the highlands, the
valleys and the eastern part of Bolivia may be represented.
The single candidate system also allow for our
indigenous brothers and sisters to be represented in the Plurinational
Legislative Assembly ..."
"In this way, we permit these indigenous brothers and
sisters, who were left out and condemned to extermination, to be
"...that had never happened before ..."
"...when I was a young man, as a union leader I would
sometimes dispute with the Armed Forces and later, when I became
president, I realized that a large part of the Armed Forces comes from
the peasant communities, particularly those in the valleys..."
"Dear Ministers: I would like to tell you that never
before did we have such participation; before, it was merely the color
of your skin that determined your class in society and now, an
indigenous person, a union leader, an intellectual, a professional, a
business leader, a soldier, a general, anyone can become the
president, democratically. Before, we didn't have this way of changing
Bolivia and our constitution.
"When this conference is putting forth the idea of only
democracy, security and peace, of reviewing history, of reviewing the
norms, this is for me very exciting; it is a pleasure to review these
things dealing with democracy, security and peace in the Americas or in
the world, not just for the sake of reviewing.
"If we talk about democracy in Bolivia's past, there was
only a contractual democracy; there was no party that could win with
more than 50% as the Constitution of the Plurinational State declares
"...up to 2005, from 1952, the 1950s, in Bolivia there
were only 'contractual democracies'; there were parties winning with 20
percent, 30 percent ..."
"A party in third place could become president; it all
depended on the contracts and the distribution of the ministers. This
kind of contract was precisely the kind that used to be guided by the
United States' ambassador. Our compatriots, our Bolivian brothers and
sisters, should remember 2002, for example, when
there was no winner having more than 50 percent; the party with the
highest percentage in the voting got 21 percent. And there was the
former U.S. ambassador, Manuel Rocha, pulling together, uniting the
neoliberal parties, in order for there to be a government: and those
governments didn't last, they could not endure.
"Luckily, thanks to the conscience of the Bolivian
people, these kinds of democracies are being eliminated; now we do not
have a 'contractual democracy', but a legitimate democracy in the
hearts of the Bolivian people who accompany it with the thoughts and
feelings coming from the suffering of peoples, under
a government program."
"...a program that brings dignity to the Bolivians, a
program that seeks equality of all Bolivians, men and women; a program
that recovers its natural resources, a program that allows basic
services to be a human right..."
"...when some of our opposition -- like yourselves,
country has its opposition -- [calls us a] totalitarian government, a
dictatorial government, is it my fault that this program proposed by a
party has more than two-thirds support in the different bodies of the
Plurinational State? By myself I have not been able
to win the mayoralty of the city of Santa Cruz.
"We respect our mayor, they won, but I salute you, Mr.
Mayor, for the actions you undertook last week to fight against the
speculation [...] congratuations Mr. Mayor, you have my respect..."
"And some say to us, one single philosophy, there is no
single philosophy; only a program that is working in the different
social sectors at the head of social movements of the indigenous
peoples and the workers can obtain the support needed to change Bolivia.
"But what do we face along the road if we talk about
democracy, conspiracy, coups d'état, attempts at coups in 2008
[...] who was it that contributed to this coup? The former U.S.
"I was looking over some history [...] about the 1946
coup d'état when the president was Lt. Col. Gualberto
Villarroel, who said as president, I am not the enemy of the rich, but
I am more a friend to the poor; this patriotic soldier was the first
president who called together the indigenous peoples' congress.
"Another president, Germán Bush, a soldier,
stated: I have not become the president to serve the capitalists.
"The first president to nationalize natural resources,
was another soldier, David Toro; I'm speaking of 1937 or 1938 [...],
but this soldier was hanged in 1946, they assassinated him in the
"...and so the offensive was concentrated on the massive
part of the Palacio Quemado that was under fire from Illimani Street,
at the corner of Bolívar, from Comercio Street, from the Police
and from behind from the La Salle and Kersul buildings where the U.S.
consulate is located."
"...watching the fire coming from the Kersul Building,
where the U.S. consulate was, and which had been investigating this
patriotic soldier who had ensured the first native congress, strafing
the building, shooting to kill that soldier...those are the documents
we are looking over.
"...history repeats itself; I had to face an ambassador
who organizes, who plans to terminate my presidency using
anti-democratic means, and I think that this gets repeated all over the
"But a comrade, a compatriot of ours who has been the
victim of so many military coups tell me: President Evo, you have to
watch out for the United States Embassy, there have always been coups
d'état all over Latin America and, he says to me, there has
never been a coup in the United States because there
is no U.S. embassy; I really start to see the truth that history does
hear coups d'état.
"...we, the countries who have suffered attempts at
coups from 2002 in Venezuela, 2008 in Bolivia, 2009 in Honduras, 2010
in Ecuador; and we must acknowledge, compatriots from Latin America or
the Americas, that the U.S. had a victory in Honduras, strengthening
coup, the American empire has had
a victory over us, but also the peoples of the Americas, in Venezuela,
Bolivia and Ecuador have won [...] what will the future bring? We
shall see the future."
"...this internal assessment should be a profound debate
by the ministers of defence to guarantee the democracies [...] my
ancestors, my people, have permanently been victims of coups, bloody
coups, not because they wanted the military, the Armed Forces, but
because of internal and external political decisions
designed to terminate revolutionary governments, the governments that
are born of the people; that is the history of Latin America."
"...we have the right to propose for ourselves the ways
of guaranteeing democracy in each country, but without coups, or coup
"We would like this conference of ministers of defence
to guarantee a true peoples' democracy, respecting our regional
differences, the differences from sector to sector.
"But also, when we speak of peace, I am saying, how can
we have peace if there are military bases? And there too I can speak
with some knowledge because I have been the victim of these U.S.
bases, with the excuse of a war against drug trafficking.
"When I was a soldier, a private in the Armed Forces in
1978, the officers and non-commissioned officers taught me to defend
the Homeland; the Armed Forces are there to defend the Homeland, the
Armed Forces cannot permit any foreign uniformed and armed soldier to
be in Bolivia.
"...when I became a leader, I personally have been
witness to the fact that uniformed and armed DEA members were leading
the Armed Forces and the National Police, armed with machine guns, with
the excuse of fighting against drug trafficking against the social
movements, prosecuting [this fight] by flying light planes
over the marches from Santa Cruz, from Cochabamba, from Oruro, and they
couldn't find us, not with their light planes; and they would say that
these were ghost marches. Some ghost marches; thousands of comrades
looking for retribution and seeking dignity and the sovereignty of our
"...I am convinced that if we the people fight for our
dignity, for our sovereignty, this cannot be done with military bases
nor with military interventions, no matter how small we may be, we, the
countries called under-developed, countries called developing
countries; we have dignity, we have sovereignty. Also,
when I had a seat in parliament they tried to make me support immunity
for officials of the U.S. embassy.
"What is immunity? So that U.S. embassy officials,
including the American DEA, should they commit some crime, wouldn't be
tried under Bolivian laws; this was an open invitation to kill, to
wound us as they did in my region."
"...Peace is the legitimate daughter of equality, and of
dignity which is social justice; if there is no dignity, then there is
no social justice and we cannot guarantee peace; how can we give a
guarantee? Because there are peoples who rise up in rebellion because
there is an injustice."
"...listening to our UN Secretary General talking about
the doctrines, the doctrines we know about in Bolivia, an
anti-Communist doctrine that says coups should take place to militarily
intervene in the mining communities because of the social movements;
the mining communities were great revolutionaries aiming
to transform Bolivia.
"In the 1950s, 1960s, they accused us of being Red
Communists to the leaders of the mining sector so that we should be
imprisoned, exiled, put on trial, even massacred. That era has passed;
by now they cannot accuse us of being Reds or Communists -- we all have
the right to think differently.
"If, for a country or a region, the solution is
Communism: fine; for another country it is Socialism: fine. It is the
democratic decision of any country.
"But when we have won that struggle and they can no
longer justify it with an anti-Communist doctrine to silence the
people, to replace presidents, to change governments, another doctrine
appears: the war on drugs.
"Of course it is the obligation of all of us to fight
against drugs [...] Bolivia is not a drug-culture, Bolivia is not a
cocaine-culture, but where is it that cocaine comes from? It comes from
the markets of developed countries, that isn't the responsibility of
the national government, but we are obliged to fight against
"...behind the war on drug trafficking there cannot be
geopolitical interests that need the excuse of the drug war to demonize
the social movements, to criminalize the social movements, to confuse
the coca leaf with cocaine, to confuse the coca grower with the drug
trafficker, or the legal consumption of the coca
leaf with the dependence on the narcotic.
"Why is it that they didn't fight against coca right
from the last century, if coca is so harmful? The Europeans were the
first landowners to exploit the coca leaf, surely it wasn't a detour to
"Before, the U.S. governments used to give certificates
acknowledgement to the best producers of coca leaves: why? So that the
coca leaf grower could supply coca leaves to the tin miners and the
could take the tin to the United States.
"...the world knows, you all know, that the so-called
war on drugs has failed; we have to change those policies, of course,
what is this new policy, such as for example, ending the banking
secrets: could it be that great drug trafficker, the big fish in the
drug trafficking world, carries his money in his backpack,
in his suitcase, travelling by plane, no, going around the banks -- why
not end the banking secret in order to end drug trafficking in order to
control that drug trafficker?
"Why doesn't every country defend its borders against
the entry of all drugs with similar technology, radar? I think there
is a capacity out there to control and we cannot control; and it is
with the excuse of the war on drug trafficking that controls are put in
place, especially directed towards how to recover natural
resources for the trans-nationals."
"...the former U.S. ambassador Manuel Rocha who says:
Don't vote for Evo Morales. Evo Morales is the Andean Bin Laden and the
coca growers are the Taliban.
"In other words, dear ministers, ministers of defence,
according to this type of doctrine, you are at this very moment meeting
with the Andean Bin Laden and my comrades from the social movements are
the Taliban. Such accusations, often bend the truth out of shape."
"...now, when they can no longer sustain these
anti-Communist, anti-terrorist ideas and doctrines there is another new
doctrine that we heard about a few days ago and I would like to take
this opportunity to inform my people through the media.
"On the 17th of this month, a meeting of some Latin
Americans and some U.S. congressmen in the United States was held, a
forum, which stated that there was danger in the Andes, threats to
democracy, to human rights and inter-American security.
"...Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen said that in
recent years we have been observing with concern the efforts of several
countries in the region, such as Hugo Chavez in Venezuela, Evo Morales
in Bolivia, Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua, Rafael Correa in Ecuador,
which are trying to consolidate their power at any cost, the ALBA
Alliance members with Chavez at the head, one after the other
manipulating the democratic systems of their countries to serve their
own autocratic goals.
"Perhaps we should tell that congresswoman that we
didn't win, like in the U.S. by a margin of one percent or two, here we
win by more than 50 percent, or more than 60 percent, and in some
regions by more than 80 percent and that is real democracy.
"What does the agenda say about Daniel Ortega, but the
coca agenda promoted by Evo Morales, it is a brand new alliance with
Iran and Russia, the case of Rafael Correa, the doubtful constitutional
reforms with anti-American candidates.
"...under my leadership Bolivia will have agreements,
alliances with the entire world; nobody can stop me because we have
that right, we are a culture of dialogue."
"...without stable democratic partnerships we cannot
have regional security. Regional security or security for the United
States? Now, more than at any other time, is when the U.S. supports its
enemies or weakens its enemies; now is the time for the OAS to absolve
its legacy of double standards and finally makes
its member states comply with the principles and obligations in the
inter-American Democratic Charter; it would be a good idea to review
the Inter-American Charter.
"The second congressman (he is talking about Connie
Mack, and he explains his ideas in these words), I have everything he
wrote, all his speeches, but to save time I shall try to summarize, I'd
like to speak about some observations for the last six years as member
of this Congress, I have frankly seen two
administrations: the Republicans and the Democrats.
"Along these lines I think that this idea both the
administrations have had in regards to Hugo Chávez, is that 'We
shall not intervene, let's just sit back and let him implode by
himself'; and the other thought is, 'What if Hugo Chávez is
and what does he say?' I don't go for any of these ideas so I don't
Hugo Chávez is crazy and I don't think the approach of letting
him implode is going to work, [that] Hugo Chávez is a threat to
and democracy in Latin America and around the world."
"...this is what concerns me most, I hope therefore that
we become the following majority in the next Congress, as chairman of
the subcommittee we shall do just that, we shall look after
Chávez, whether defeating him politically or exploding him
Next, Evo states:
"I would say that this congressman Connie Mack is a
self-confessed murderer or conspirator against our comrade brother the
president of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez.
"If anything should happen to the life of Hugo
Chávez, the only person responsible will be this U.S.
He says it publicly and it is written in the media and in his speech."
"Comrade, brother secretary general of the OAS, you have
to throw us out of Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia and also another
place, also Nicaragua, and apply sanctions: what does that mean? Surely
it is an economic blockade like the one against Cuba."
"I think that's what the sanctions refer to, so how can
some of us countries in the Americas guarantee security and peace when
these are the proposals being made by some congressmen, by some Latin
"I was looking over in this respect, the reason why they
had expelled Cuba in 1962. Supposedly for being Leninist, Marxist and
Communist, Cuba is thrown out of the OAS; now the new doctrine is an
anti-ALBA doctrine since, in these countries, we greet Fidel and
Chávez and other presidents, since having
an instrument such as ALBA is having an instrument for integration,
solidarity, unconditional solidarity, sharing instead of competing,
practicing policies of complimentarism and not competition.
"...within that competition only small groups benefit
and not the majorities who aspire to that from their presidents.
"Within these policies of competition and not
complimentarism, not even capitalism is the solution for capitalism --
that is the financial crisis.
"...the new doctrine much like earlier there were the
doctrines from the School of Panama, the southern command was trainning
our military, they shut that down thanks to the struggles of the people
and now the School of the Americas is no longer around; what do we have
now? Joint operations with special
"...I admire some of the officers of my Armed Forces who
give details about those training sessions that they carry out each
year on a rotational basis in the different countries of the Americas;
what are they for? To propose to them how to wipe out those
revolutionary countries, countries that are making profound
changes in democracy, training sessions even to rehearse or teach
snipers to kill the leaders.
"...with great indignation I had seen some pictures of
these joint operations with special forces that rotate from country to
country; of course Bolivia no longer participates, as long as I am the
president, in these types of joint operations to keep on attacking
"...for the indigenous peoples' movement [...] this
planet, or Pachamama, can exist without human beings, but we human
beings cannot live without the planet, without Pachamama."
"...capitalism is not private ownership because
sometimes they try to confuse us and they say that President Evo is
questioning capitalism; they are going to take away our homes, our
cars; no, private ownership is guaranteed."
"...the new constitution guarantees a plural economy and
that plural economy ensures private ownership, it ensures communal
ownership, state ownership and that of all the other social sectors,
but when we are talking about capitalism we are talking about this
irrational, irresponsible and unlimited growth."
"Our comrades can no longer find water in the Amazon;
when we start drilling in some regions we have to go deeper and deeper
to find very little water, and when we cannot ensure water on account
of drought, exactly the result of global warming, that family must be
left to fate, there are billions of them in
the world, they are climatic migrants.
"We are not going to resolve that with the participation
of the Armed Forces; we are not going to be able to resolve it with the
participation of the ministers of defence or with cooperation; it is a
structural world-based matter."
"...we would like to resolve here, for the middle and
long term, that the best solution is to put an end to disasters, or
putting an end to natural disasters is putting an end to capitalism,
changing those exaggerated industrialization policies.
"Of course all of our countries would like to become
industrialized, to industrialize for life, to industrialize to be human
beings and not to industrialize to end life and human beings; there are
doctrines that proclaim and promote war, there are peoples or states
living from war and that must end; and what we really
have to end are those great weapons industries that put an end to life."
"...I know that many ministers are bringing messages
from their presidents, from their governments, their people; but let's
be responsible to life, and being responsible to life means being
responsible to the planet, or to Pachamama, our Mother Earth, and being
responsible to Mother Earth, the planet or Pachamama
is to respect the rights of Mother Earth."
"...I would hope that the Americas, through you the
ministers of defence, can lead the guaranteeing of the rights of Mother
Earth in order to ensure human rights, life, humankind, not only for
the Americas but for the entire world; I feel that we bear a great
responsibility in this situation.
"I would like to acknowledge the participation of our
Armed Forces, and to be honest with you, I was very much afraid, afraid
in the year 2005, 2006, when I came to the Presidency, whether the
Armed Forces would be with me or against me in this process."
"...the Armed Forces taking part in social works, in
structural changes, recovering the mines, supporting the policies for
the recovery of the natural resources; these Armed Forces are now
beloved by the Bolivian people."
"...the people feel they have Armed Forces that are for
the people; now we fortunately have two important bodies in the
Plurinational State: the social movements that defend their natural
resources and the Armed Forces are also defending their natural
resources, and if we go back to 1810, it is obvious that the
Armed Forces were born defending their natural resources, the identity
and sovereignty of our peoples; only during some times were our Armed
Forces used for evil, not to blame the commanders, but because of
oligarchic interests or interests that were not of the people, and that
obviously caused us a lot of harm."
"...with policies being imposed from above and abroad,
coming from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank,
privatizations, public companies being sold out to foreign interests."
"...just the profits [...] 18 percent was for the
Bolivians and 82 percent went to the transnational corporations.
"On May the first of 2006, in a supreme decree, first we
decided on State control of our natural resources and second, we are
convinced that whoever invests has the right to recover their
investment and has a right to have profits, and we said that now, with
18 % they could have profits and recover their investment;
technicians showed this to me and from the first of May of 2006, 82
percent was for the Bolivians and 18 percent went to the investing
corporations; so goes the nationalization in regards to their
Evo concludes his speech by contributing irrefutable
information about the economic results achieved by the revolution.
"Before, the GDP in 2005 was 9 billion dollars, in 2010
it was 18.5 billion dollars of GDP.
"...with the World Bank and the IMF, the average income
person per year is $1,000 [...] in our government it is $1,900."
"...in 2005, Bolivia was the second to last country in
international reserves and now we have improved from international
reserves of $1.7 billion, to this year when we now have $9.3
"...when we were dependent on U.S. governments we could
not even eradicate illiteracy; thanks to the unconditional cooperation
of Cuba especially, and Venezuela, two years ago we declared Bolivia to
be a territory free of illiteracy, after almost 200 years.
"In exchange for this cooperation, what does Cuba ask of
us? Nothing. This is called solidarity; sharing the little we have and
not sharing what is left over, that is what I learned from Comrade
Fidel, a man I admire very much."
Out of sheer modesty, Evo didn't speak of the colossal
advances obtained by the Bolivian people in matters of health. In the
ophthalmological field alone, some 500,000 Bolivians had eye surgeries,
health services reach all Bolivians and about 5,000 General
Comprehensive Medicine specialists are being educated
and will shortly be graduated. That sister country of Latin America has
more than enough reason to feel proud.
"...without the IMF, I mean, if they don't impose
economic policies of privatization, of auctions, we could be better
off in democratic matters. If we didn't depend on the United States we
would improve our democracy in Latin America, it is the result of these
last five years that I have been president."
"Of course by saying this I am not saying that Bolivia
now no longer needs cooperation, Bolivia still needs international
loans, international cooperation. I acknowledge the European countries
cooperating in Latin America, facilitating loans because we are in a
process of profound transformations..."
"...the peoples have the right to decide by
themselves alone about their democracy, about their security. But while
we have interventionist attitudes for any excuse [...] we shall surely
have to wait for the liberation of the people and as we can see they
are going to keep on rebelling.
"For that reason, I am sure of rebellion towards
revolution, of revolution towards decolonization ..."
After Evo's speech, a mere 48 hours later,
Chávez' speech fell like a bolt from the skies. The lights of
rebellion are illuminating the skies of Our America.
Fidel Castro Ruz
November 24, 2010
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