September 5, 2015 - No. 32

Labour Day 2015

Canadian Workers for Democratic Renewal and a New Pro-Social Direction for the Economy

Shameless Use of Refugee Deaths for
Warmongering and Electioneering

Canada's Criminal Role in International Affairs
- Philip Fernandez -
Harper Government's Draconian Citizenship
and Immigration Policies


Important Anniversaries and Related Events
In Memory of the Victims of Fascism
- Pauline Easton -

Disinformation About Invasion of Poland
- Hardial Bains -
Polish Authorities' Political Amnesia
- Valéry Vrublevsky -

China's Role in World War II Second to None
Recording the Start of World War II
Japanese People's Mass Opposition to Revival of Militarism and
Continuing U.S. Military Occupation of Japan

Founding of Democratic Korea, September 9, 1948
Resistance and Demands for Accountability Mark
10th Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina

- U.S. Marxist-Leninist Organization -

Note to Our Readers


Supplement
China's War of Resistance Against Japanese Imperialism


Labour Day 2015

Canadian Workers for Democratic Renewal and a
New Pro-Social Direction for the Economy

This year, Labour Day arrives in the middle of a federal election. The occasion provides workers concerned with the direction of the country an opportunity to speak out and engage in actions for renewal of the country. The challenges facing workers from the all-sided neo-liberal assault are great but their capacity to defend themselves and renew the political, economic and social conditions is greater. The modern working class is educated, experienced in political affairs, strategically placed at the centre of the economy and has everything to gain from democratic renewal and a new pro-social direction for the economy.

Although workers are the actual producers of all goods and services and the largest social class by far, their independent views and nation-building project are blocked from assuming state political and economic power. The ruling capitalist elite and their global monopolies have fashioned a hostile neo-liberal state to deprive the working class of its rights and prevent it from assuming its historic role in moving the country forward to the new. In spite of the apparent obstacles, the working class stands poised to complete Canada's transition from a mostly rural country based on scattered petty production and extended families to a modern urban state based on industrial mass production with an interconnected self-reliant socialized economy and nation-building project where the well-being and rights of all are guaranteed.

The ruling capitalist elite have proved their incapacity to resolve the problems of this transitional capitalist system because they refuse to give up their class privilege, outmoded property rights and control over the socialized economy, which are inherited from the previous system of scattered petty production and extended families. They refuse to recognize that the forces of production have undergone fundamental change and the country is no longer rooted in the pioneering rural past of petty production. To solve its recurring problems, the urban socialized economy of concentrated mass production demands socialized relations of production under the control and direction of the actual producers, the working class.

The intransigence of the ruling elite in refusing to allow the empowerment of the people through democratic renewal and a new pro-social direction for the economy has plunged the country into recurring crises. The domination of Parliament and elections by dueling cartel political parties controlled by private interests has poisoned the political atmosphere and is leading to the corruption and collapse of Canada's old institutions such as seen with the Senate. With democratic renewal blocked, the economy suffers from unresolved problems to the point of recurring recessions, the wrecking of manufacturing, permanent mass unemployment and growing poverty and social problems. Monopoly-controlled free trade and the sell-out of the country's resources and assets to global monopolies run rampant while the well-being and security of the people and their rights are under constant siege and denial from monopoly right and its neo-liberal political representatives.

The political forms are in constant crises as the ruling elite and their global monopolies have established private control within a neo-liberal state that is systematically expunging all public authority from state power. Within this context, the neo-liberal state has been on a rampage to privatize public assets, destroy social programs and public services, and deprive the working class and all but the very rich of their rights.

The working class is not impotent in the face of this situation. In fact, the imposition of the neo-liberal state is a sign of weakness and desperation of the ruling capitalist elite to hold onto power at all costs. The denial of people's rights, and lust for wealth and power of the rich is driving the working class into uniting and forging a new social consciousness of its crucial role as the human factor in saving the country and society from ruin.

The working class is responding to the provocations of the neo-liberal state with a nation-building project of its own. With growing confidence and organizational strength, the working class is pursuing its own practical politics and actions with analysis. In this election, workers are sending a powerful message to the rich and their monopolies that they will not tolerate their nation-wrecking agenda of austerity and war. With a sound defeat of the Harper Conservatives and Trudeau Liberals, the stage will be set for a showdown with the NDP and whether it dares to raise the white flag of pragmatism upon election to power and refuses to repeal Bill-C 51 and enact a national daycare program as promised, and bring home our troops and aircraft from the anarchy and violence of the U.S.-led predatory wars.

A big defeat of Harper and the Liberals will show the mettle of the working class and its determination to build the new. The momentum and space from such a victory can be used to expand the movement for democratic renewal and a new pro-social direction for the economy and to put forward a bold political program of nation-building and empowerment of the people that they themselves can fashion, discuss and embrace.

Let's get on with the job of defeating the Conservatives and Liberals in this election and build the confidence and consciousness of the working class that it can save Canada from the destruction of the neo-liberals, that it has the courage to restrict monopoly right, uphold the rights of the people and serve the broad public interest. Let us together shrug off any hesitancy and indecision, and assume the central and controlling role in the country. Learning politics and nation-building is a matter of doing. A new pro-social direction for the economy beckons within a political program for democratic renewal.

Forward to renewal! Learn politics through acts of organizing and engaging consciously in the practical politics of the working class!

A new dynamic nation awaits its birth at the hands of the working class!

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Shameless Use of Refugee Deaths for
Warmongering and Electioneering

Canada's Criminal Role in International Affairs


Toronto action on September 4, 2015, one of many across Canada,
affirms the peoples' stand "Refugees Welcome!"


The photograph of Syrian three-year old Alan Kurdi washed up face down on a beach in Turkey flashed in the media across the globe on September 2. The photo reveals the naked inhumanity of current conditions in the world. For Canadians, it also revealed the stark inhumanity and racism of the Harper government as well as Canada's criminal role in international affairs.

The current refugee crisis is said to be the greatest in the history of the modern world, even greater than the exodus caused by the ravages of World War II.

To divert from what is causing this catastrophe, it is called a "European crisis." Disinformation seeks to absolve the U.S., Canada and other NATO powers from responsibility. To deepen the diversion, the refugees from the war, nation-wrecking and anarchy unleashed by the U.S. imperialists and NATO powers including Canada against Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Libya, Afghanistan, Somalia, Sudan and now Yemen are called "migrants."[1] The term suggests that millions willingly leave their homelands for Europe for economic reasons, dying accidentally en route from hunger and dangerous sea voyages.[2] This obscures the causes for which they are starving, persecuted and subjected to the most brutal, violent, inhumane treatment on the part of the allegedly civilized Western interventionists from the U.S., Canada and Europe.

A suggestion is given that they are escaping from "something" but the "something" is not clearly revealed other than some dark group called ISIL. Ignored is the reality that Anglo/U.S. imperialism for a century through predatory wars and other means of interference has not allowed West Asia and North Africa to cast off the remnants of colonialism and embark on modern nation-building projects. Since the end of the bi-polar division of the world in particular, every time the peoples have advanced their projects, the interference, bombs, troops and mercenaries of the Anglo/U.S. imperialists have smashed them.

Following World War II, to destroy the modern path of nation-building, the imperialists introduced the spirit of sectarian and racist violence throughout the region using the backward banner of Zionism. A select number of Jewish refugees from Europe were diverted to Palestine to establish themselves there. On this basis a racist state was created, first on a small area of Palestine that soon expanded in all directions generating millions of new refugees, at first mostly Palestinians.

As Anglo/U.S. imperialism became more desperate to control the region for itself, it staged a coup d'etat in Iran and imposed the brutal Pahlavi dictatorship. Then after 1990, to establish its own unipolar striving for domination, the U.S. unleashed direct wars to smash Yugoslavia and contend with the Germans and French for control over the Balkans and then Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and now Syria. The Palestinian refugees scattered in camps in various countries have been joined by millions more as these states disintegrate under the predatory wars of the U.S. joined by their NATO thugs including Canada. A critical mass has been reached with over two million Syrian refugees in Turkey alone and millions more in Lebanon, Jordan and elsewhere with few resources to deal with the situation. Desperate to escape the anarchy and violence and certain death that the imperialist wars and their well-financed and armed thugs have brought to their homelands, they have begun the perilous journeys in search of safety in Europe.

Canada Needs an Anti-War Government


Toronto, September 4, 2015

Confronted with Canada's responsibility for the blocks to refugees coming to Canada and their subsequent deaths, Stephen Harper was forced to admit that changes to refugee policy are needed. He then went on to promote the criminal cover-up that Canada must also continue to "fight the root cause of the problem and that is the violent campaign being waged against these people by ISIS." He added, "We need to help people who are actually there and can't get away. And part of the way we need to help them is to stop the awful violence that is being directed at them, displacing them and killing them."

In other words, the Harper government is committed to creating even more tragedies, with people being killed directly by NATO aggression (so-called collateral damage) or dying on the high seas as they flee the destruction and instability.

Harper's position is fundamentally the same given by Defence Minister Jason Kenney earlier this year when questioned by media about the destruction wreaked on Libya by NATO in a Canadian-led bombing campaign. David Pugliese reporting for the Ottawa Citizen on why Canadian naval ships have not saved lives threatened with extinction because of the rickety vessels in distress taking refugees from Africa to Europe writes, "[I]n April, Defence Minister Jason Kenney said Canada had no responsibility to help on the migrant issue. At that time, a spokesperson for Foreign Affairs Minister Rob Nicholson said the main priority was to confront ISIS 'directly through military action along with our allies.'"

Defence Minister Kenney explained in an interview on CBC, "This is a challenge for African and European countries in and around the Mediterranean. ... We do not bear responsibility for decisions that people make to hire unscrupulous human traffickers and put them in danger's way."

"Human smugglers have flourished in Libya in the chaos created by the 2011 overthrow of that country's leader, Moammar Gadhafi," Pugliese writes. He further reports, "Kenney acknowledged that Canada played a major role in the NATO mission that removed Gadhafi from power, but said the migration crisis was in no way linked to the situation in Libya."

Harper's Immigration Minister Chris Alexander's wholesale refusal to approve the applications of most Syrian refugees is cynical. Canada is now in contempt of international asylum conventions, which it deliberately flouts. In the face of the deaths of the Kurdi children and their mother on September 2, the monopoly media have been speculating about the need for Canada to take in more refugees from war-torn Syria, Iraq and other places. Canadians in large numbers say yes to this but many point out that this should not divert from the fact that these refugees are all from countries which are victims of NATO wars.

The central problem Canadians must take up for solution before even greater disasters befall humankind is to establish an anti-war government to block the striving for domination of the U.S. imperialists and old powers of Europe into which Canada has been integrated in the name of regime change and "responsibility to protect." An anti-war government must uphold the need for peaceful resolution of conflicts and condemn crimes against the peace.

In Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Haiti and now in Syria -- Canada has played and continues to play a dirty role and this must stop. In the so-called leaders' debate put on by Maclean's Magazine on August 6, it was not only Stephen Harper who stood for wars and interference in the internal affairs of sovereign countries and the resolution of conflicts through violence. The other leaders actually vied with one another as to how better to conduct these predatory wars. Some of these leaders are so deceptive as to call for a humane way to conduct wars of aggression and occupation. In a self-serving and self-righteous manner, they justify brutal tyranny in the name of opposing tyranny.

"The refugee problem" is now used in the most cynical fashion to promote the electoral fortunes of this or that party. "Here is the correct stand on refugees -- Vote for me!" It does not become more crass than that. NDP leader Thomas Mulcair and Liberal leader Justin Trudeau and others advocate increasing the quota of refugees Canada accepts. Is this their "white man's burden," that Canadians should sacrifice a little for humanity's sake? So long as it is "sustainable," of course, or within "reasonable limits." Do they really think that this will whitewash their support for the aggressive role Canada is playing in the wars and interference in West Asia and North Africa, which is so extensive, extreme and violent that the greatest refugee crisis ever has unfolded?

All the so-called major political parties vying to be elected support Canada's active participation in the aggressive U.S.-led NATO, which is now encircling and engaging in criminal warmongering against Russia. Canada is participating in NATO exercises on the borders of Russia that attempt to encircle Russia with a nuclear shield. U.S.-led NATO is dividing Ukraine and arming the Nazi forces in that country even calling them freedom fighters. In its pivot to Asia, the U.S. has organized nuclear war exercises that simulate the takeover of the capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, on the doorstep of China. All these criminal actions are causing violence and anarchy throughout the world, the death and destruction and criminal displacement of tens of millions of men, women and children fleeing for their lives.

Canadians are humanitarian, but the Canadian state is not. For the rich, who have usurped political power by force and who direct governments to do their bidding, the use of force is the means of taking over other people's lands and resources for their own interests. The biggest monopolies are doing this right here in Canada. What else is U.S. Steel's takeover and destruction of Stelco? What else is the takeover of Canada's land and resources by other monopolies  to force development in their narrow private interests without the say and control of Canadians, in particular the say and control of the Indigenous peoples.

Canadians are humanitarian in the broadest sense as they are internationalists hailing from every country and region of the world. The motto they abide by is "give the shirt off your back to people in their time of need," not "look and see if you have a shirt to spare." At this time in our collective history as Canadians, to give our shirts off our backs to those who desperately require one, we need an anti-war government that expresses our collective desire to live in peace and security with all nations and peoples of the world. Such a government will do everything in its power to end the displacement of people as a result of wars of aggression and occupation and assist people who are victims of natural disasters as well.

Notes

1. The Guardian newspaper recently carried an editorial which pointed out that the legal distinction between refugees and migrants has become blurred. A refugee is a person seeking sanctuary from imminent danger while a migrant comprises the wider category of people who migrate in search of a better future for themselves and their families, the Guardian said. However in many countries today, there has been a breakdown in economic activity, law and order so that the line between the two categories is now "technically and ethically hard to draw," the Guardian wrote.

2. There are three main routes that individuals seeking asylum in Europe take to get there: the eastern Mediterranean route from Turkey to Greece and the Balkans, the central Mediterranean route from North Africa to Italy and the western Mediterranean route from Algeria to Spain.

UN data suggests the route from Turkey to Greece is the most used -- a shift from past years that saw the more dangerous route from North Africa to Italy used most often.

According to the UN, Syrians are using the eastern Mediterranean route the most, followed by Afghans and Kosovars. For the western Mediterranean route, Syrians again are the largest group followed by Afghans and Pakistanis.

For the central Mediterranean route, Eritreans fleeing the civil strife in their homeland make up the biggest contingent, followed by Nigerans and people from other sub-Saharan countries.

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Harper Government's Draconian Citizenship and Immigration Policies

On September 1, No One Is Illegal-Vancouver released Never Home: Legislating Discrimination in Canadian Immigration, a multimedia online resource that documents the Harper government's nearly 10-year reign of discrimination and terror against citizens, immigrants, temporary foreign workers and refugees in Canada. It provides information valuable in the people's fight for just and humane citizenship and immigration laws that uphold the rights of all.

Video testimony, along with charts and statistics, provide evidence of the wrecking of people's lives caused by the Harper government's racist and restrictive policies.

Among the key findings of Never Home is that it has become increasingly difficult to gain Canadian citizenship and that it can now be denied or taken away by the state with relative ease. It points out, for instance, that between 2000 and 2008 the number of immigrants who arrived and who subsequently have become citizens dropped from 79 per cent to 26 per cent. This has particularly affected Muslim applicants who are more likely to be considered "un-Canadian," the document states.

According to the authors, the number of temporary foreign workers has increased three-fold in the decade since 2004 while at the same time the Harper government has eliminated nearly 280,000 applications from the Federal Skilled Worker Program. A "revolving door system" controls the admission of temporary foreign workers to Canada as cheap labour. Under the Harper government's "four in four out" rule introduced in April 2011, temporary foreign workers -- with some exceptions -- are compelled to leave Canada after four years and prohibited from re-applying to work in Canada for another four years. April 2015 marked the first "four in" period and more than 70,000 temporary foreign workers now in Canada, most of them national minorities, are under threat of mass deportation. This rule is a deliberate tactic to ensure that these workers, who are integral to the Canadian economy, are blocked in their attempts to collectively organize in defence of their rights, never mind putting down roots and possibly settling here.

Never Home documents the widespread criminalization of immigrants and refugees that resulted in the deportation of 117,351 people between 2006 and 2014, while those detained without charge numbered 8,317, including 807 children in 2009-2010 alone.

The authors point out that the Harper government has allocated $15 million to achieve an annual quota of stripping 875 refugees of their status and as a result the number of former refugees who have lost their protected status has increased five-fold. Using disinformation about "bogus refugees," the Harper government has restricted the number of refugee applications by 50 per cent and has reduced the number of refugee claimants already in Canada by 30 per cent. These and other arbitrary measures have compounded the hardship faced by refugees many of whom are denied the right to health care and other social programs.

Never Home also points out that Bill C-51, the new anti-terror law, grants the state's secret police extraordinary powers to target immigrants and refugees, while the provisions of Bill C-24, the so-called Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act, enable the state to persecute and revoke the citizenship of some Canadians who have been accused broadly of "terrorism."

The report combats the disinformation used by the Harperites since coming to power to impose more racist and restrictive immigration and citizenship laws. These laws are used to attack the political unity of all those who live in Canada and Quebec -- immigrants, refugees, temporary foreign workers and citizens -- and to justify the brutal exploitation of the most vulnerable workers.

In the face of this widespread assault on the rights of immigrants, refugees, temporary foreign workers and citizens, the authors call for concerted political action to bring into being a just immigration and citizenship policy that does not discriminate and brutalize this or that section of the people on a racist and colonial basis. The full resource can be found here: www.neverhome.ca.

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Important Anniversaries and Related Events

In Memory of the Victims of Fascism


Anti-fascist concert in Zhengzhou China, attended by 40,000 people August 30, 2015 was part of celebrations of the 70th anniversary of victory over fascism and the Japanese occupation of China, September 3, 1945. (Xinhua)

During September, we commemorate several important anniversaries related to World War II. We recall the death-defying deeds and courage of the peoples of the occupied countries and the Allied nations who joined their fight to vanquish fascism. We pay deepest respects to the victims of fascism.

This year events were held in Russia to commemorate the occasion of the 70th anniversary of victory over fascism in Europe on May 9 and in China on September 3. The International Day of Memory of Victims of Fascism, marked on the second Sunday of September every year since 1962, will be marked this year on September 13. The whole world honours the victims of fascism.

World War II began in Europe on September 1, 1939 with the Nazi invasion of Poland. In fact the war had already begun with the Japanese militarists' invasion of China on July 7, 1937 and ended on September 2, 1945 with Japan's surrender.

World War II involved 61 states and over 80 per cent of the world's population, taking a toll of more than 55 million people. Hostilities occurred on the territories of 40 states and the vast basins of the Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. The Soviet Union sustained the biggest losses in people and material resources. Some 27 million people lost their lives, in addition to losses to its armed forces of some 8.7 million people.[1] Despite these tremendous sacrifices, disinformation about what actually took place continues still today.[2]


Left to right: Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Ciano at signing of sellout Munich Agreement in 1938.

Canada is erecting monuments intended to equate Nazism and communism for purposes of rehabilitating the Nazis with the claim that they were freedom fighters against the communists. To its utter shame, the government of Canada under Stephen Harper, joined by the Liberal Party and the NDP all read from the same playbook on August 23. This is the anniversary of the day in 1939 that the Soviet Unions signed a non-aggression pact with Hitler's Germany to gain time to prepare for the eventual Nazi onslaught. Canada shamefully calls this Black Ribbon Day to cover up the crimes committed in Munich on September 29, 1938.

The non-aggression pact was forced on the Soviet Union because Britain and France refused to enter into a defence alliance in Europe to stop the Hitlerites from invading other countries. These countries had already signed the Munich Pact with Germany on September 29, 1938. This outrageous act of appeasement and collaboration permitted Germany to annex the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia, ordered the Czechs not to resist Nazi aggression and gave the Nazis the green light to launch further attacks across Europe.[3]

Despite this, the Government of Canada, via a statement from Prime Minister Stephen Harper this year said:

"On this day in 1939, Nazi Germany and the Communist Soviet Union signed the notorious non-aggression Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which ultimately led to the Second World War. These tyrannical regimes occupied most of Central and Eastern Europe, ultimately causing incalculable destruction and senseless suffering, and brutally murdering millions of innocent men, women and children.

"Today, all Canadians join me in paying tribute to the memory of the tens of millions of European victims of Communist and Nazi tyranny, and honouring the brave men and women who stood up to these evil regimes to defend their values, beliefs and faiths."

Harper used this disinformation to justify his government's illegal intervention in Iraq and Syria, support for the fascists in Ukraine, the NATO encirclement of Russia, and the rehabilitation of Nazi war criminals in the Baltic republics and Poland. He also used the occasion to promote the Harperites' anti-communist monument in Ottawa. He concluded:

"In 2009, Parliament declared Black Ribbon Day a national day of remembrance and so I encourage all Canadians to take part in one of the many Black Ribbon Day commemorative ceremonies taking place across the country. I also encourage Canadians to continue to protect and promote Canadian values of freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law to prevent such historical evils from ever taking hold again."[4]

The NDP and Liberals made eerily similar statements.

NDP leader Thomas Mulcair stated:

"Today marks the sad anniversary of the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia in 1939 -- prelude to the Second World War.

"It was following this alliance that Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union invaded neighboring Poland.

"Millions of people were killed, deported and imprisoned during this bloody chapter in history.

"On behalf of the New Democratic Party, I invite Canadians to remember the men, women and children who suffered and honour the memory of those who resisted and opposed these brutal regimes.

"Let us continue to cultivate the principles of inclusion and democracy and show our gratitude to those who made our freedom possible. We must never forget that this freedom is still fragile and we must remain vigilant to attempts to silence or oppress."[5]

Liberal leader Justin Trudeau said:

"Today, as we commemorate one of history's darkest chapters, we honour the memories of the victims of Communism and Nazism across Europe.

"August 23rd marks the sad anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Signed in 1939, the infamous agreement allowed for the illegal territorial and political rearrangement of Eastern and Central Europe between Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia. In the years that followed, millions of people were violently displaced from their homes and suffered untold atrocities at the hands of the Nazi and Soviet regimes.

"We remember this sinister period of history to ensure that the world never again stands idly by in the face of such unspeakable tyranny. May this occasion also serve as an opportunity to reiterate our commitments to the principles of justice and the protection of human rights for all people around the world.

"On behalf of the Liberal Party of Canada, I stand with Canadians across the country in solemn remembrance of the victims of Nazism and Communism on this Black Ribbon Day."[6]

To blame the Soviet Union for starting World War II and invading Poland is an unconscionable act which betrays a very dirty conscience indeed. It is not a simple or innocent revision of history. It is a heinous betrayal of the victims of fascism in order to push the criminal war preparations the same countries that initially collaborated with Hitler to attack the Soviet Union in the 1930s are carrying out today.

May the memory of those who gave their lives in the fight for freedom, peace and democracy live on in the battle of current generations for a world free of the scourge of the aggression we see today carried out by the Anglo-U.S. and European powers in the name of regime change and "responsibility to protect." It is said more people are losing their lives today as a result of the current inter-imperialist striving for domination of the world's resources, labour, zones for investment and influence than during World War II. The need to establish anti-war governments all over the world has never been greater.

Let us do our duty to the victims of fascism and make sure we establish such a government in Canada.

Notes

1. Ria Novosti

2. On Russia's initiative, each year since 2005, the UN General Assembly has passed a resolution urging an end to the glorification of Nazism.

In 2013, the General Asssembly approved another resolution on combating practices that exacerbate contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. The General Assembly expressed its deep concern over attempts to glorify Nazism, neo-Nazism and former members of the Waffen-SS in any form, including the construction of monuments and the holding of public demonstrations. The resolution expressed concern over the "recurring attempts to desecrate or demolish monuments erected in remembrance of those who fought against Nazism during World War II, as well as to unlawfully exhume or remove the remains of such persons," and noted an alarming increase in racist incidents and violence globally.

On May 5, 2014, President Vladimir Putin signed a law introducing punishment of up to five years in prison for rehabilitating Nazism, denying the facts established by the Nuremberg Tribunal and disseminating false information about Soviet activities during World War II. Under the law, fines will be issued to those desecrating the memory of the glorious days of combat against Nazi aggression.

On October 24, 2014, the Russian State Duma adopted at third reading, and the Federation Council on October 29, 2014 approved, a new law equating the symbols of those organizations that collaborated with the fascists with those of the Nazis. This includes those of the followers of the Stepan Bandera movement. It extends the list of organizations to those that collaborated with the fascist organizations and movements and those that today cooperate with international organizations or their representatives that deny the judgment of Nuremberg and other verdicts passed on World War II.

3. Hardial Bains. Causes and Lessons of the Second World War. Toronto: MELS, 1990.

4. Conservative.ca.

5. ndp.ca.

6. Liberal.ca.

(Ria Novosti, TML Archives)

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Disinformation About Invasion of Poland

September 1 marks the anniversary of the invasion of Poland by the Hitlerites in 1939. Instead of condemning the Nazis, reactionary forces such as the Harperites use disinformation to rehabilitate the reputation of Nazi war criminals and to cover up who were the victims of fascism in whose name the peoples of the world declared "Never Again!" At this time of year, they use the anniversary of the German-Soviet non-aggression pact signed on August 23, 1939 to claim that this was an act of appeasement, not a tactical move for the Soviet Union to buy time to arm itself for an inevitable confrontation with the Nazis. The disinformation is also used to suggest that it was the Soviets and not the Nazis who invaded Poland in September 1939 and started the war in Europe. This is to hide the fact that it was the European powers that actively appeased the Nazis and permitted the invasion of Poland, while the Soviets fought to defend that country and its people at every turn. Ultimately, this disinformation about the causes of World War II is to justify and commit similar crimes in the present.

Hardial Bains, in his book Causes and Lessons of the Second World War, points out that the war began as "a war between imperialist powers and it only took on an anti-fascist character once the Soviet Union entered the war as the defender of freedom and democracy. Hitler took advantage of Britain's and France's policy of appeasement and their refusal to form a mutual assistance pact with the Soviet Union to further his own inter-imperialist contention with Britain and France. He attacked and occupied their eastern ally the Republic of Poland which was itself imperialist. Britain's and France's refusal to take advantage of the Soviet Union's policy of peace and good neighbourly relations and refusal to sign a pact of mutual assistance with the Soviet Union led to one of the greatest tragedies for the Polish nation." An excerpt from the book is posted below.

***


Partisans of the Polish People's Army, alongside the Soviet Red Army, liberated Poland
from Nazi occupation.

Poland in 1939 and before refused to forge a united front with the Soviet Union when it offered to sign a mutual assistance treaty with Britain, France and Poland providing for military assistance if the Hitlerites attacked Poland. The Polish government, acting on instructions from Britain and France, and blinded by their own anti-communism, refused to grant the Soviet request to permit the Red Army to cross Polish territory so as to set up a forward line of defence should the Germans attack Poland. [...]

Poland, in the thirties, relied upon an alliance of a sort with Britain and France [...]. Events proved what sort of alliance it was, what sort of guarantee the French and British imperialists had undertaken on behalf of the Polish state. On September 1, 1939 when the Hitlerites attacked Poland at 4:15 a.m. with their planes targeting all the cities and all the villages and towns, killing thousands of people in a massive assault, the only support Britain could give was some condemnation on the radio waves and two days later declare that Britain was at war. [...F]or the next six years no British soldier was ever to set foot on the soil of Poland to liberate the Polish people. While Hitler's Wehrmacht of 1,850,000 troops, 3200 tanks and 2000 combat aircraft, a fleet of battleships, over two-thirds of Germany's entire combat force at that time, destroyed the Polish state and massacred the Polish people, France, with its army of four million facing a German force of less than a million on the western front, waged its 'phony war ' i.e., sat on its hands. The U.S. President sent a telegram to the Polish government condemning the Nazi Germans for mass bombing Polish cities. Yet it is said today that the U.S., Britain, France and others, 'defended Poland' while the Soviet Union of J.V. Stalin "occupied Poland." They are trying to suggest to the world that Stalin was an aggressor against Poland in the same fashion that Hitler was an aggressor.

On September 17, 1939 the leaders of the state of Poland which had landed the Polish nation into such a tragic impasse, whose political offspring are speaking today in the same chauvinist language of the imperialists, fled from Poland and were interned in Rumania. A clique of like-minded political figures were appointed as the Polish-government-in-exile, which the chauvinists today call the "continuation" of the Polish state.

The Soviet Army marched onto the territory of Poland only when the Polish state was in a condition of complete collapse. It marched onto territories of the Ukraine and Byelorussia annexed by Poland during the Polish-Russian War of 1919-1920. The majority of the population inhabiting these territories were either Ukrainian or Byelorussian and relatively less were Polish. Of a total population of 13 million people, more than 7 million were Ukrainian, 3 million were Byelorussian, more than 1 million were of Jewish origin and more than 1 million were Poles. No doubt, one of the reasons the former Polish state did not want to enter into a mutual assistance defence treaty with the Soviet Union is because the oppressed nationalities within their borders would demand self-determination and their desire to be reunited with the Ukraine and Byelorussia.

The London government-in-exile never gave up trying to re-incorporate these territories, and Polish chauvinists today still complain about the 'lost territories.' For this they bitterly condemn Stalin and the Red Army. Polish reaction hated the loss of their conquered territories, the loss of the Ukrainian, Byelorussian and Jewish workers and peasants who the Polish bourgeoisie and landlords exploited and oppressed. It was never in the interest of the Polish nation to have annexed those lands in the first place. When they speak of Stalin's 'invasion' of Poland, they do not mention that the Soviet Union handed over the city and district of Vilno to Lithuania, not because Vilno had a majority Lithuanian population, but because it had been forcibly wrested from Lithuania by Poland. Furthermore, it was a city associated in the historical past with Lithuania and the aspirations of the Lithuanian people. It became the capital city of Lithuania.

The former Polish state also had a bad conscience about the territory Poland annexed from Czechoslovakia. On October 2, 1938, right at the time the Munich betrayal by Britain and France allowed Hitler to annex the Sudentenland in western Czechoslovakia in the name of the German nationality living there, the Polish army marched into Trans-Olza, Czechoslovakia, occupying Western Teschen and Frystat in the name of the Polish nationality living there. The semi-fascist Polish government was at one with Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier and Mussolini in dismembering Czechoslovakia, even if they weren't personally at Munich. They acted like brigands. Today the Polish chauvinists leave out the date October 2, 1938 in their official chronicle of events leading up to the tragedy of September 1, 1939. They want to white-wash the imperialist geo-politics and unprincipled manoeuvres of the Polish government at that time precisely because they [...] are following the same disastrous and chauvinist course of inter-imperialist geo-politics today.

Once Poland was under the clutches of Hitler, the Nazis perpetrated one of the worst crimes history has ever known against any nation. Poland suffered the largest number of casualties, in terms of the numbers of individuals killed per thousand population, of any country in Europe. Poland suffered a loss of about 6 million people killed. Direct extermination by mass murder, death camps and so on took some 1,750,000 Polish lives; 2,700,000 Polish Jews were exterminated; more than 50,000 out of 75,000 Gypsies living in Poland were exterminated; some 12,000 mental patients and mentally retarded people were murdered; thousands of Polish prisoners of war, men and officers, were systematically shot. Within the first six weeks of the nazi occupation, some 40,000 Polish intellectuals, political personalities and other leaders were shot by the S.S. in a project called "clearing the political ground." About 38-39% of Poland's 1938 assets were destroyed, estimated to be worth $49.2 billion (pre-war U.S.). Warsaw was razed to the ground. Poland suffered the highest per capita loss of property in Europe as a result of the war.

(Hardial Bains. Causes and Lessons of the Second World War. Toronto: MELS, 1990, pp. 18-23.) 

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Polish Authorities' Political Amnesia

Poland is suffering political amnesia. The condition gets acute any time one mentions the mass crimes committed against Polish nationals. There is a plethora of examples to prove the case. The Volyn massacre is the most illustrative one. Ukrainian nationalists brutally tortured and killed dozens of thousands of old men, women and children. For all that, the Polish government supports the successors of Stepan Bandera who have seized power in Ukraine.

There is another example -- the pogroms in Wola that took place during the Warsaw uprising (Wola -- a district of western Warsaw). German fascists killed around 60,000 Poles in two days (August 5-6, 1944) -- the largest single massacre in WWII.

Today the Polish authorities do the best to get around the details that led to the tragedy. A lot has been said in Poland about the Warsaw uprising. By and large it all boils down to denigrating Soviet soldiers by suggesting they deliberately remained where they were to allow the Wehrmacht time to regroup and put the insurgence down. It is said that whatever Russians say about liberating Poland "Bolsheviks are even worse than Hitlerites," no matter that it was the German fascists who killed Poles just because they were Slavic people. That's exactly what they did in Wola.

The reason Germans were so cruel towards Poles is an open secret. In their statements top Nazi officials were candid enough in explaining their attitude. But Polish and Ukrainian propaganda outlets keep silent about it. The following examples are eloquent enough.

Just one week prior to launching the attack on Poland, Hitler made an address to his chief military commanders at Obersalzberg on August 22, 1939. He said, "Our strength consists of our speed and our brutality. Genghis Khan led millions of women and children to slaughter -- with premeditation and a happy heart. History sees in him solely as the founder of a state. It's a matter of indifference to me what a weak western European civilization will say about me. I have issued the command -- and I'll have anybody who utters but one word of criticism executed by a firing squad -- that our war aim does not consist in reaching certain lines, but in the physical destruction of the enemy. Accordingly, I have placed my Death's Head Units [SS-Totenkopfverbände, responsible for administering the concentration camps -- TML Ed. Note] in readiness -- for the present only in the East -- with orders to them to send to death mercilessly and without compassion, men, women, and children of Polish derivation and language. Only thus shall we gain the living space (Lebensraum) which we need."

Hans Frank was appointed Governor General of the Occupied Polish Territories by Hitler's decree dated 12 October 1939. On January 1, 1940 the official told the conference of department heads that he was given an order to devastate the territory leaving no traces of economy, culture, social and political structures. He said Poland was wartime booty to be treated accordingly.

The Nazis really made no distinction between their words and deeds. The destruction of Warsaw and the Volyn massacre provide good evidence to go on. Neither the contemporary Polish Russophobe propaganda warriors, nor overseas story-tellers shed light on who was behind the tragic events. One has to get acquainted with the testimony provided right after the massacre by witnesses, those who saw what happened with their own eyes to testify right after the events.

The underground newspaper of the Polish Workers Party Trybuna Wolnosci (N.64, 1944) published an article signed by Lieutenant Zenon (real name Zenon Kliszko), deputy commander of Army Liudova (the People's Army of Poland) at the time of the Warsaw Uprising. He said, "The very thought of bloodshed in Warsaw, the city lying in ruins, never leaves the minds of those who fight for full liberation of the country from Hitler's yoke. The stronger the pain, the more clearly we realize how hard our people suffered and how important it is to pinpoint the real culprits. All the details have to be clarified and come into the open. The problem of the uprising in Poland has been many times discussed on the pages of the party press. The leadership of the party noted that such an action cannot be improvised. It has to be thoroughly planned taking into consideration the experience gathered by the guerrilla movement. It has to coincide with an active phase of mass struggle. It is imperative to coordinate activities with the allied military, especially with the Red Army liberating Poland. ...

"In those days the German Eastern Front was rolling back. There was an impression that the Red Army and Polish people were about to liberate Warsaw from Hitler's occupiers. The great victories of the Red Army made leaders of the Armia Krajowa (the Home Army) panic. They decided to seize Warsaw and bring their reactionary clique to power.

"Contrary to good reason and logic and ignoring the opinion of others, the Armia Krajowa incited the uprising on August 1. The rebellion unleashed by Bor (meaning "the Forest" -- the code-name of General Count Tadeusz Komorowski, the commander in chief) and his accomplices a day before the capitulation of the Warsaw uprising, was a criminal political venture.

"As soon as the uprising started the real intentions of its leaders became known. The staff of the Armia Krajowa failed to come up with an operational plan. The action was not well-prepared. True, the state of combat readiness had been declared a number of times for training purposes. There was no clarity about the start of combat action -- the H-hour was changed repeatedly. Many Armia Krajowa units were not engaged in the operation at all. The real intent was not to organize an uprising against the Germans, but rather liberate the city without the participation of Soviet forces. That's what the root of the problem was and that's what doomed the action to failure. Two days before the insurgence the "convention of independent organizations" distributed leaflets denigrating the Red Army. The leadership of Armia Krajowa was blinded by hatred. It forgot about the Germans in Warsaw. It said that the units of the Red Army deployed at the forward edge of the battle area were merely dozens of tank divisions ready to enter the city at any given moment. The Armia Krajowa commanders did not consider the Germans to be their enemies anymore.

"They considered the Soviet Union and entire camp of Polish democracy as the prime target. That's what made the leadership of Armia Krajowa and the London-based Polish government-in-exile commit this grave crime in Warsaw."

The testimony adduced here provides undisputed evidence which allows a strict definition of what really caused the tragic events in Wola.

(Originally published under the title "Wola Massacre and Polish Authorities: Another Case of Political Amnesia," Valéry Vrublevsky, Strategic Culture Foundation, June 1, 2015. Slightly edited for grammar by TML.)

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China's Role in World War II Second to None


Victory Day Parade in Beijing, September 3, 2015.

September 3, 2015 marked the 70th anniversary of victory in the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War. China made outstanding contributions to the cause of liberating humankind from the scourge of Nazi fascism and Japanese militarism. With exceptional courage the Chinese people faced the brutality of the Japanese imperialists, pinning down some 1.86 million Japanese soldiers -- 50 per cent of its total force. Estimates put the number of Chinese killed in the war at more than 14 million people. One hundred million were turned into refugees. Between 1939 and 1945, China suffered the loss of some 2.2 million troops, second only to the Soviet Union amongst the Allied countries, which lost 7.5 million. If the toll of those killed or wounded is taken from 1931 when the Japanese first invaded Manchuria, then it comes to more than 35 million people lost as a result of Japanese atrocities by the time they were defeated on September 2, 1945.

To mark the 70th anniversary of the victory over the Japanese imperialists, celebrations were held all over China with a huge parade in Beijing on September 3. Chinese leaders said the aim of the celebrations was to demonstrate China's commitment to uphold the outcomes of the wars and contribute to international peace in the present. Former French Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin, speaking to Xinhua, confirmed this. "[The parade is] an opportunity to manifest a country's force but also to show that it's not bellicose. In this parade, China will demonstrate the progress it has made, and its strategy of peaceful development. In a world of uncertainties, China's vision of building a multi-polar peaceful world is very important," he said.

High level delegations, including many heads of state and also former heads of state, came from around the world to pay respects to China's contribution in World War II. This included 30 heads of state and government and non state organization such as the Secretary-General of the United Nations. "China's contribution and sacrifice during the Second World War is very much recognized. [China is] appreciated for all such sufferings, and sympathized by the world's people," Ban told reporters at the UN headquarters on August 30.

While President Putin represented Russia at the celebration, to their shame, high-level delegations from the other Allied powers U.S., Britain and France were absent, as were Australia and Canada. The U.S. Council on Foreign Relations states, "Notably absent from the list of high-level attendees, however, is a Western head of state. While the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, France, and Germany will send their ambassadors or other 'special envoys,' leaders from the United States and its Western allies are otherwise missing...."

In Canada, neither the Prime Minister's office nor the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said a word about this significant anniversary and the monopoly-owned media have been notably silent. Canada's embassy in China did not see fit to spare even a tweet on the celebrations or to extend the good wishes of Canadians to China for its heroism, sacrifice and major contribution to the worldwide efforts to defeat fascism. In contrast to this, China greatly honoured the contribution of Canadian doctor Norman Bethune to the fight against the Japanese occupiers during the celebrations in Beijing.

As part of trying to ensure peace in the region, Japan was also invited to attend the proceedings, but it declined to participate. The Japanese people are currently waging an important battle to stop the Japanese ruling circles from revising the country's constitution to remove Article 9 that bars Japan from deploying its troops for anything but national self-defence.

Historic Victory Parade in Beijing

The Victory Day Parade was held in Beijing's Tian'anmen Square in the presence of Xi Jingping and other Chinese leaders. Some 40,000 people were present in the square while millions more watched on TV and through the internet.

China has not held an event on such a scale since the end of World War II, news agencies reported. It was also the largest ever military parade held on a non-national day celebration. It featured 12,000 troops and 500 armoured units marching through Tian'anmen Square, with some 200 aircraft flying in formation overhead. China showcased its military sophistication with 27 armament formations. Most of the weaponry and equipment had never been shown to the public, Xinhua reports.



Units of the People's Liberation Army participate in the parade.





Top to bottom, left to right: troops from Mongolia, Cuba, Venezuela, Egypt, Belarus and Russia.

Also participating for the first time in a Chinese military parade were some 1,000 foreign troops from 17 countries, including Mongolia, Russia, Laos , Pakistan, Serbia, Egypt, Mexico, Cuba and Venezuela.

Veterans of the People's Liberation Army were reunited for the first time in decades with veterans from the Kuomintang (KMT) with whom they fought to defeat the Japanese occupiers 70 years ago.

Prominently featured in the parade was the Bethune International Medical Phalanx, a brigade of female medical soldiers named after Canadian surgeon Dr. Norman Bethune to honour his contribution to the Chinese people's fight against the Japanese aggressors. It made clear that China continues to be inspired by the profound internationalism of Dr. Bethune and his brilliant contributions as a battlefield surgeon, anti-fascist and communist.


Bethune International Medical Phalanx.

President Xi before the parade spoke of the great significance of the anniversary:

"Today is a day that will forever be etched in the memory of people all over the world. Seventy years ago today, the Chinese people, having fought tenaciously for 14 years, won the great victory of their War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, marking the full victory of the World Anti-Fascist War. On that day, the world was once again blessed by the sunshine of peace."

"The victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression is the first complete victory won by China in its resistance against foreign aggression in modern times," President Xi said further on. "This great triumph crushed the plot of the Japanese militarists to colonize and enslave China and put an end to China's national humiliation of suffering successive defeats at the hands of foreign aggressors in modern times. This great triumph re-established China as a major country in the world and won the Chinese people respect of all peace-loving people around the world. This great triumph opened up bright prospects for the great renewal of the Chinese nation and set our ancient country on a new journey after gaining rebirth.

"During the war, with huge national sacrifice, the Chinese people held ground in the main theatre in the East of the World Anti-Fascist War, thus making a major contribution to its victory. In their war against Japanese aggression, the Chinese people received extensive support from the international community. The Chinese people will always remember what the people of other countries did for the victory of their War of Resistance."

He affirmed China's commitment to peace based on its experience in the war, saying, "The aim of our commemoration is [...] to bear history in mind, honour all those who laid down their lives, cherish peace and open up the future." He went on to affirm the rule of law in international relations and the responsibility of all nations to ensure that peace and cooperation prevail.

President Xi stated that "China will never seek hegemony or expansion. It will never inflict its past suffering on any other nation." To drive this point home, he stated that China will undertake a troop reduction of 300,000 men and women of the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The PLA currently has 2.3 million troops.

He concluded his speech with the words, "Let us bear in mind the great truth of history: Justice will prevail! Peace will prevail! The people will prevail!"

(With files from Xinhua. Photos Xinhua and New China)

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Recording the Start of World War II


The 22nd International Congress of Historical Sciences, in Jinan, China discusses China's contributions to World War II, in August 2015. Above, opening ceremony of Congress.

Since the Second World War, history books written in Europe or the United States tend to promote a Eurocentric view of the world which denigrates the existence of the nations and peoples of Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and their role in shaping world events. The history of World War II itself is presented as a world war in which there was Europe and the European holocaust and then there were the "Pacific Theatre" and "the North African campaign." The holocaust the Japanese committed in China or that committed by the Americans in Korea when they launched the Korean war following World War II, are barely mentioned.


Robert Frank, with book 1937-1947 World War.

In this vein, the date of the start of World War II is usually presented to be September 1, 1939, when the Hitlerites invaded Poland, unimpeded by Britain and France which both had non-aggression pacts with Poland. But this date is now contested by an increasing number of historians. In May this year, a book entitled 1937-1947 World War was published in France. The book, jointly written by 40 historians, asserts that the Second World War began in Asia and not in Europe as is generally accepted. The book discusses the contributions made by the Chinese people and the peoples of Asia in the allied victory over fascism in the Second World War.

Robert Frank, the Secretary General for the International Congress of Historical Sciences, and one of the co-authors of the book, stated recently that the Second World War could be dated from 1931 when Japan attacked and occupied Manchuria in northeast China. However, he gives the start of the war as 1937 when a general war between Japan and China broke out. Frank thinks that it is important to set the record straight given that the Second World War was a global war, and not just fought in Europe. He underscores that a global perspective is needed to understand it. He also notes that larger numbers of historians are beginning to come around to this view.

Another academic who champions this new objective rendering of the beginning of World War II is Professor Rana Mitter from Oxford University, who published Forgotten Ally: China's World War II, 1937-1945 in the UK in 2013. He writes, "China was the first country to face the onslaught from the Axis Powers in 1937, two years before Britain and France, and four years before the United States... If we wish to understand the role of China in today's global society, we would do well to remind ourselves of the tragic, titanic struggle that the country waged in the 1930s and 1940s, not just for its own national dignity and survival, but for the victory of all the Allies, west and east, against some of the darkest forces that history has ever produced."

In a commentary published by CNN on August 31, Mitter points out that China held down 600,000 Japanese troops with few resources before other allied powers began engagement with Japan. A Japanese victory in China would have meant that the war would have spread to other parts of Asia and Europe and that it would have proven a costly outcome to the future of China for a generation or more, as well as other countries and peoples in Asia.

At a recent gathering of the International Conference of Historic Sciences, held in China in August on the eve of the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the end of the war, 2,800 historians from around the world discussed China's contributions in the Second World War. One of the host participants, Zhang Haipeng, President of the Association of Chinese Historians, believes the Japanese troops might have moved to south Asia, India or the Middle East and cooperated with German troops if Chinese soldiers had not stopped them.

(Photos: Xinhua)

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Japanese People's Mass Opposition to Revival of Militarism and Continuing U.S. Military
Occupation of Japan

Some 120,000 people encircled the Japanese Diet (parliament) on August 30, in a mass show of opposition to the attempts by the ruling circles to revive Japanese militarism, 70 years after it was defeated by the world's peoples. Hundreds of thousands more demonstrated simultaneously in over 1,000 locations in all 47 prefectures throughout Japan. The mass mobilization to oppose militarism was the largest nationwide since the U.S. announced its military "pivot to Asia" and the compliant Abe government revealed its intention to enact pro-war legislation.

The Diet is currently debating two "security" bills that amongst other things would alter the constitution to remove Article 9 that currently prohibits Japan from sending its troops abroad for aggressive purposes. These bills would introduce into national law and within the recently renewed U.S./Japan military agreement the bogus concept of "collective self-defence" used by the U.S.-led aggressive NATO alliance to justify illegal wars based on might makes right.

On its Facebook page, the Global Article 9 Campaign writes of the August 30 action as follows:

"A new page has been added to Japan's history. Our democracy is standing up once again!

"More than 120,000 people gathered in front of the National Diet of Japan to protest against the new security bills! But the estimated number does not include the people [protesting elsewhere all over Japan] ...

"What does this mean? Are Japanese people just angry at Prime Minister Abe? Is that all? No. We are concerned about our future, Japan's security, and the peace of international society. And we think the bills will make the world a less peaceful place and threaten our future. This is the reason why we protest."

The various organizations opposing the bills and the continuing presence of the U.S. military in Japan issued a joint statement on the occasion, which is reproduced below.

Regarding the current status of the bills, the Japan Times reported on September 5, "The government and ruling coalition are considering scrapping regional public hearings [on the bills ...] sources said on Friday [September 4].

"The government and the Liberal Democratic Party-led coalition hopes bypassing the hearings would save time in their quest to enact the legislation sometime during the week of Sept. 14, the sources said. [...]

"However, any failure to hold regional public hearings on the controversial bills is expected to draw fire from the opposition. [...]

"The Diet holds public hearings on important issues to hear opinions from experts and officials, among others.

"The Lower House special committee on the bills held a public hearing at the Diet on July 13 before passing the measures on July 15, the day before the legislation cleared the lower chamber."

Joint Statement of Japanese Non-Governmental Organizations
Against the Security Bills


Osaka, August 30, 2015

The following NGOs express our strong concern and opposition to the currently proposed Security Bills in Japan.

1. Through its colonial rule and aggressive wars in the Asia Pacific region, Japan caused great loss of life and violations of human rights, and the wounds from this are yet to be healed. Following its defeat 70 years ago, and based on the deep regret for the extensive sacrifice brought upon by the Japan-instigated war, the country determined to put an end to militarism, and on the foundation of Article 9 of the Constitution, made a promise to the world to abandon war. This "pledge to not wage war" has meant that Japan has not participated in combat activities overseas over the past 70 years.

2. The security bills currently debated in Japan will allow the use of the right to collective self-defense, meaning Japan's participation in wars between other countries and the use of force overseas in the case of an armed attack against the United States or other closely allied countries. As well as this, it would under the name of international cooperation for peace broadly allow logistic activities undertaken alongside the use of force, including transportation of ammunition in conflicts in other countries. The armed conflicts or military logistic activities in which Japan would participate under the proposed bills have no geographic limitations, and Asia, the Middle East and Africa would broadly be included in its range.

3. In Japan, many constitutional scholars have expressed their opinion that these bills go against Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, and the majority of citizens are against these bills. Yet, in July of this year the proposed bills were passed without sufficient debate in the House of Representatives, and they are now being discussed in the House of Councilors.

4. We are strongly opposed to the situation in which the people of the Asia Pacific region could once again be in the relationship of killing or being killed as a result of Japanese war actions, or that the region could once again experience the tragic disaster of war. We are also strongly against Japan's participation in war leading to Japan contributing to bloodshed in regions of the Middle East, Africa and so on which suffer through the scourge of war.

5. We believe that it will not be possible to eradicate conflict from the world without resolving structural violence such as poverty, disparity, discrimination and oppression of human rights, which form a breeding ground for conflict or so-called terrorism. It is not possible to build a just order in the world without addressing such fundamental issues, and relying only on military force. In a world becoming more militarized and violent, Japan's pacifism, albeit imperfect, has the potential to be an alternative for building international peace through "not resolving international conflicts through armed force." The effort must be made for the whole international community to support this pacifism, and spread it further.

We hereby reiterate our opposition to the security bills currently being debated at the Japanese Diet, for their going against the hope of the global civil society.



Tokyo, August 30, 2015

(Photos: Xinhua)

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Founding of Democratic Korea, September 9, 1948


Celebration of the 65th anniversary of the founding of the DPRK, September 9, 2013. (KCNA)

The founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on September 9, 1948 was an event of great historical significance not only for the Korean people, who had won their liberation from Japanese colonialism just three years before, but for the world's people as well. On the heels of the Korean people's victory over Japan, the U.S.-installed a puppet government headed by Syngman Rhee in the southern part of Korea which they occupied and on August 15, 1948 they declared it the Republic of Korea. This divided the Korean nation, so as to smash the structures the people were putting in place to establish a new government of their choosing. The Korean people rebelled and on September 9 responded by establishing the DPRK as a bulwark against the interference of the U.S. imperialists in Korean affairs.

Under the direction of the Workers' Party of Korea led by President Kim Il Sung, the DPRK had to overcome the great hardships which history presented, especially the brutal war forced on it by U.S. imperialism from 1950-1953.

After the war, the DPRK carried forward the revolution and continued socialist construction through many stages under very difficult conditions. These included military threats and economic blockades imposed by the big powers led by U.S. imperialism under the aegis of the United Nations. With fidelity to their principles and profound conviction in the justness of their cause, the Korean people have prevailed over the difficulties and adversities and today they are following their chosen socialist path which puts the people at the centre stage of development.

The significance of the founding of the DPRK as a factor for peace in the region becomes more evident with each passing year as it works diligently for the emergence of a united, dignified and independent Korean nation. Its steadfast refusal to submit to U.S. blackmail on the nuclear issue with the aim of expelling the U.S. imperialists and their nuclear weapons from the Korean peninsula is an affirmation of its sovereignty and a block to U.S. hegemony.

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Resistance and Demands for Accountability Mark
10th Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina


Decaying abandoned house in New Orleans' Lower Ninth Ward, June 15, 2015.

This year marks ten years since Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans and the Gulf Coast, with the man-made disaster that followed killing more than 1,800 people and forcing more than 1.5 million to leave the region, many still unable to return. The devastation and military occupation that followed, with tens of thousands forced into detention camps and then scattered across the country, were an example of government failure. So too, the rebuilding of the city has been one of government failure to meet the rights of the people for housing, health care, jobs and education. The public school system has been devastated, the public hospital shuttered and replaced with a publicly-funded private one, and unemployment and poverty rates remain high, with state racism forcing African Americans to contend with far higher rates. The right to return has not been met, with many areas, like the Ninth Ward, having only 20-30 per cent of residents returning. This crime of the government to fail to evacuate, then forcibly displace people, then refuse to guarantee their return, remains unpunished. Holding government to account remains a main demand of the people in New Orleans and across the country.

President Obama, in his recent visit to New Orleans, called the city's recovery a "model." He did not speak to whether the military occupation of New Orleans and the mass detention camps are a model for future emergencies. Given the mass detention and separation of families that occurred then, and the similar government actions and detention camps for immigrants and refugees now, there is every indication that such actions will be part of future "emergency response." This is further evident in the fact that the government is increasing the detention camps and holding mock "emergency" exercises, under military command, with first responders and policing agencies. And in the militarized response to protest, such as in Ferguson and Baltimore. The stand of the people then and now is to reject military occupation, to fully fund first responders and hold government responsible for meeting the needs of the people, not terrorizing them.

In putting forward the New Orleans recovery as a model, Obama is putting forward takeover of public institutions, like public schools and hospitals, by private interests as an answer. The destruction of the public schools and hospital and continued high levels of poverty and unemployment show these private interests have no solutions that serve the public. As people of New Orleans put forward at the time, eliminating the public from governance is not acceptable: "Nothing about us, without us, is for us." It is by rejecting the dictate of private interests and stepping up the fight for the right of the people themselves to govern and decide that solutions can be found.

New Orleans Remembers and Continues Its Resistance

New Orleans marked the 10-year anniversary of Hurricane Katrina and its man-made devastation with demonstrations, second-line parades, street performances and forums. One second line began where the levee wall in the Ninth Ward failed during Katrina, a levee the government neglected and failed to build strong enough. It unleashed a torrent of water that left the historically African American neighborhood, with many homeowners, in ruins.

Organizers emphasized that resistance that has long been the culture of New Orleans and was seen following the man-made disaster that devastated the city and since. It is the people themselves who were responsible for rescuing many thousands and for organizing for rights afterward. This included a Tribunal the following year that found the government guilty of genocide and many human rights violations. Various meetings and actions are making clear that the city's recovery efforts have not served the people but rather rich private interests. Many of the million people from the region forced to leave have still not returned, most have not gotten reparations for their losses and the costs of rebuilding and for the government crime of forcing people to leave at gunpoint. For the Ninth Ward, barely one third of its residents have been able to return.

The stand that housing is a right was prominent in actions. Before Katrina, there were 12,270 public housing units available in New Orleans, and now there are only 2,006. More than 90 per cent of the nearly 15,000 families currently on waiting lists for either public housing or Section 8 assistance are African American families.

Protesters targetted the fact that about 50 per cent of Black children in New Orleans live in poverty, more than before Katrina.

The public school system has been decimated, with teachers, mostly African American, fired en masse. Now 92 per cent of students attend private charter schools. The unjust and racist discipline policies at charter schools are denying many students equal access to education. Fifteen charter schools in New Orleans have higher suspension rates than the rest of the nation. Overall, in 2013, there were 46,625 out-of-school suspensions, more than the total number of students in the local school system.

Actions also marched past the jail, infamous for leaving prisoners to drown during Katrina and for its human rights abuses afterward. A prison resistance video was projected across the walls of the jail as marchers went past. There are five times as many Black inmates than white inmates in Louisiana prisons, while the state's white population is double that of the Black population. Resistance to this state racism and demands for accountability for those killed by police, after Katrina and since, continues.

The firm stand and undaunted resistance was evident as people marched and united in demanding their rights.

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Note to Our Readers

The next issue of TML Weekly will be published on October 3, 2015. Please continue to send in your news articles, reports, photos and comments. In the meantime, during the period of the federal election we invite you to subscribe to Renewal Update, the online bulletin of the Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada (MLPC). Published daily, Renewal Update will keep you  informed about important political developments and about what the working people are doing nationwide. We encourage you to get your friends, family and coworkers to subscribe to Renewal Update as well and to share the articles on Facebook and Twitter. Visit and "like" the MLPC on Facebook here and follow us on Twitter here.

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With best wishes,

TML Editorial and Technical Staff

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