April 14, 2012 - No. 15
Stand as One Against the United
North American Monopolies!
High-Level Meetings of North American
Reveal Push to Extend U.S. Homeland Security
• High-Level Meetings of North
American Leaders Reveal Push to Extend U.S. Homeland Security - Enver Villamizar
• Canadian Forces Being Integrated
With U.S. Southern Command in Caribbean
Sixth Summit of the
Americas, Cartagena, Colombia
• Rejection of Imperialist Agenda as Summit
• No to Canada's "Americas
Strategy" for the Monopolies!
• Cuba's Position on Its
• Special Declaration of Bolivarian Alliance
the Peoples of Our Americas' Political Council
• Ecuador's Withdrawal from
• Britain Must Get Out of the
No to the
• Canada's CEOs Call for Wrecking of
Supply Management - Dougal MacDonald
Stand as One Against the United States of
High-Level Meetings of North American Leaders Reveal
Push to Extend
U.S. Homeland Security
Recently, political and military leaders of Canada, the
United States and
Mexico met to push forward the military and economic integration of
America, as well as to extend U.S. Homeland Security to all of Central
America. From March 26-27, heads of the militaries of Canada, the U.S.
Mexico met for the inaugural Trilateral Meeting of North American
Ministers and on April 2, U.S. President Barack Obama hosted Prime
Stephen Harper and Mexican President Felipe Calderon in Washington, DC
the sixth North American Leaders' Summit.
The inaugural meeting of Defence
Ministers marked a new
step toward the
creation of formal executive level meetings between the military heads
three countries. It also pushed attempts to place U.S. Northern Command
control of civilian agencies and promoted "hemispheric defence forums,"
aimed at trying to prevent any collective defence mechanisms of the
of Central and South America from solidifying.
The Leaders' Summit went further and revealed attempts
to link the
security agencies of Central America under the Central American
System (SICA) with "North American" -- likely U.S. Northern Command --
security agencies. According to a news release from the Canadian
the new SICA-North America Dialogue will "bolster security in Central
America; strengthen regional cooperation and efforts against
criminal organizations, seek to avoid duplication of efforts to deliver
measurable and effective results; and provide SICA and its
partners with an opportunity to collaborate on regional security
Outlining the aim of engulfing various Central American countries, the
states that future topics of discussion will be "on capacity-building
in the region," to advance the objectives of the "Group of Friends of
America process in which Canada, the United States and Mexico are
engaged." The Friends of Central America process brings together "donor
countries" and institutions to coordinate the use of loans and other
measures to "strengthen security in Central America."
The Leaders' Summit also revealed how the executives of
countries are working together to put in place new continental
in various sectors of the economy and with respect to border controls,
health, foreign affairs and foreign trade. The two high-level meetings
an attempt by U.S. imperialism to bring together its "allies" in
advance of the
upcoming Summit of the Americas in which the U.S. domination of Latin
American political affairs, in particular as it is expressed in its
towards Cuba, is being openly challenged.
Both meetings are part and parcel of the new
arrangements to establish a
United States of the North American Monopolies in which defending U.S.
"homeland security" is the mandatory new raison d'état
countries forced under its umbrella. Already the U.S. military/security
apparatus directs the affairs of the Canadian and Mexican governments
concerns practically all matters of public concern as well as all
paramilitary bodies. The meetings revealed that the Obama
negotiating with both Canada and Mexico to place the two countries
under U.S. imperialism's control.
For its part, the Harper government has delivered Canada
lock, stock and
barrel to the private interests of the monopolies and is vying to make
have a stronger position within the U.S. imperialist striving for world
domination. The government is now the avowed spokesperson of the
monopolies to threaten competitors and push for supremacy. These same
interests are now gearing up to use the military might of U.S.
against those states or groups of states that resist imperialist
internationally, beginning with Latin America and the Caribbean.
The threat inherent in the so-called partnership between
Canada, the U.S.
and Mexico, though couched in the highest ideals, is clear in the final
declaration of the Leaders' Summit: "North American
enhances our ability to face global challenges, compete in the
economy, and achieve greater prosperity. We reaffirm our commitment to
further develop our thriving political and economic partnership with a
consistent and strategic long-term vision, as progress on our common
directly benefits the peoples of our region."
These arrangements are being put in place as the peoples
of the Americas are building up their own alternatives to economic and
political subjugation, annexation and imperialist war. The most recent
expression of this was the demonstration in Alma, Quebec in which the
working class expressed its demands for a bright future for the peoples
opposition to monopoly right.
First Trilateral Meeting of North American Defence
From March 26-27, Minister of Defence Peter MacKay
hosted the inaugural Trilateral Meeting of North American Defence
in Ottawa. Joining MacKay was Leon E. Panetta, Secretary of Defense
General Guillermo Galván Galván, Secretary of National
and Admiral Mariano Francisco Saynez Mendoza, Secretary of the Navy
A news release from the government of Canada
meeting invokes "transnational crime" and "natural disasters" as
continental security in order to justify the creation of the new
arrangement. "Our countries are committed to working together to
challenges in the region. We know that transnational threats require
transnational responses. With this in mind, we have agreed to enhance
cooperation to support efforts to counter transnational criminal
and to respond to natural disasters in the hemisphere."
The meetings established the following initiatives which
clearly show the
move towards military control over civilian affairs:
"Develop a joint trilateral defence threat assessment
for North America to
deepen our common understanding of the threats and challenges we face.
"Explore ways to improve our support to the efforts of
security agencies in countering illicit activities in our respective
the hemisphere, such as narcotics trafficking.
"Explore how we can collaborate to increase the speed
and efficiency with
which our armed forces support civilian-led responses to disasters.
"Continue to work together to strengthen hemispheric
"We have agreed to meet on a regular basis in order to
build on today's
historic meeting and continue our cooperation in addressing shared
Summary of the Final Declaration of the North American
Summit of the Americas: "The Summit provides
an opportunity to leverage the ties that connect the Americas to
democratic, transparent, accountable governance that promotes
sustainable, market-based economic growth in the decade ahead.
our shared interests and values will benefit the people of the Americas
bolster positive global engagement by countries from across the region.
pledge to work together to ensure the Summit strengthens a shared
commitment to work in equal partnership toward these goals."
Security Integration: "We intend to enhance our
with our partners in Central America. In 2012, our governments will
a consolidated Central America Integration System (SICA)-North America
Security Dialogue to deepen regional security coordination and
We will remain actively engaged in the ongoing SICA-Group of Friends of
Central America collaborative process, to align international
programs supporting the implementation of the Central American Regional
Security Strategy. We also welcome the recent High Level Hemispheric
Meeting on Transnational Organized Crime, and recognize the relevance
closer collaboration and information sharing among all relevant
Trans-Pacific Partnership: "The Trans-Pacific
provides an opportunity to further deepen our trade relationship and
jobs. The United States welcomes Canada's and Mexico's interest in
the TPP as ambitious partners."
Regulatory Reform: "We will continue to reduce
costs and improve the existing business environment. We have launched
U.S.-Mexico High-Level Regulatory Cooperation Council and the
Regulatory Cooperation Council during the past two years, pursuing a
objective that we commit to complement trilaterally in four sectors:
vehicle emission standards, railroad safety, the Globally Harmonized
of Classification and Labeling of Workplace Chemicals, and aligning
of our regulatory approaches to nanomaterials. This is particularly
to small- and medium-sized businesses, which are the engines of growth.
eliminating unnecessary regulatory differences, smaller businesses are
equipped to participate in an integrated North American economy.
these efforts opens the way to additional North American regulatory
Energy Security: "Energy cooperation reduces the
cost of doing
business and enhances economic competitiveness in North America. We
recognize the growing regional and federal cooperation in the area of
continental energy, including electricity generation and
welcome increasing North American energy trade. We commit our
governments to work with all stakeholders to deepen such cooperation to
enhance our collective energy security, including the safe and
exploration and exploitation of resources. We support coordinated
facilitate seamless energy flows on the interconnected grid and to
trade and investment in clean energy technologies.
"Enhanced electricity interconnection in the Americas
would advance the
goals of the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas to reduce
poverty and increase the use of renewable sources of energy. We
Mexico's leadership in supporting inter-connections in Central America
reaffirm our support to bring affordable, reliable, and increasingly
power to businesses and homes in Central America and the Caribbean
opening wider markets for clean energy and green technology."
Nuclear Energy: "To further strengthen nuclear
security on the
North American continent, we worked together, along with the
Atomic Energy Agency, to convert the fuel in Mexico's research reactor
low enriched uranium and provide new low enriched uranium fuel in
for the highly enriched uranium fuel, as pledged during the Washington
Nuclear Security Summit in 2010 and announced at the Seoul Nuclear
Summit in March 2012."
Border Control: "We remain committed to achieving
cooperative approaches. To this end, the United States and Mexico
Declaration Concerning Twenty-first Century Border Management in May
2010 and the United States and Canada released the Beyond the Border
Plan: A Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic
in December 2011. We are committed to the mutually-reinforcing goals of
these important initiatives and to their full implementation."
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR): "We commit to
sound enforcement practices and an effective legal framework for IPR
enforcement in the areas of criminal enforcement, enforcement at the
civil and administrative actions, and distribution of IPR infringing
the Internet consistent with the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
which the United States and Canada have recently signed. Mexico will
continue to work on a comprehensive reform to its legal system to
high standards pursued under ACTA."
Environment: "We also intend to deepen our
cooperation and work with other interested partners to accelerate
at reducing emissions of "short-lived climate pollutants," noting the
launched Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-lived Climate
Pollutants in which we are all actively engaged."
Pandemics: "At the 2009 North American Leaders'
committed to build upon our successful coordinated response to the H1N1
pandemic, which stands as a global example of cooperation, to jointly
for future animal and pandemic influenza to enhance the health and
our citizens. Today we announce the culmination of that effort -- the
American Plan for Animal and Pandemic Influenza (NAPAPI) -- which
a collaborative and multi-sectoral framework to strengthen our response
future animal and pandemic influenza events in North America and commit
Haiti: "We reiterate our commitment to Haiti and
Haitian political actors to work together and take concrete steps
strengthening governance and the rule of law, which are fundamental to
increased trade, investment, and long-term development and prosperity.
note the urgency and importance of parliamentary confirmation of a new
government, and for that government to confirm the timeline for Senate
local elections. We also encourage Haiti to continue to pursue the
of the Haitian National Police so it can take full responsibility for
Canadian Forces Being Integrated with
On April 10, the Department of National Defence
announced that the HMCS St. John's and its ship-borne CH-124
were participating in Operation Caribbe. Different aspects of Canada's
are involved in Operation Caribbe, which has been taking place on an
basis since 2006, indicating that rather than being a one-time exercise
pilot-project, it is a semi-permanent arrangement. In this most recent
mission, HMCS St. John's, its helicopter and crews have
surveillance, detection and monitoring of potential "vessels of
interest" for U.S.
Coast Guard "law-enforcement interdiction operations." In effect the
places Canada at the behest of U.S. forces operating as a police force
international waters. No doubt it is part of an overall strategy to
U.S. imperialism controls the seaways in the Caribbean Sea. In effect
it is a
way of extending the North American Security Perimeter to the coasts of
Central America and the Caribbean.
According to Canada's Minister of
Defence, Peter MacKay,
participation of Canada's military in Operation Caribbe is linked to
commitment to help "secure" the hemisphere: "The tremendous work that HMCS
John's and her crew have done during
Caribbe demonstrates Canada's commitments made during the North
Leaders Summit, Canada is devoted to contributing more to the security
hemisphere, and countering criminal activities and other threats in the
How assisting the U.S. military to carry out operations in the
bring security to anyone is not addressed by MacKay. He goes on to
the operation, like every other anti-social, pro-war initiative the
government takes, will help keep Canadians safe. "The efforts by our
[Canadian Forces] members to disrupt illicit trafficking operations in
Caribbean will help to ensure the safety of Canadians and our borders."
Operation Caribbe is taking place as a component of a
operation called Operation Martillo (Operation Hammer) being
coordinated by Joint
Task Force South, a subordinate command of U.S. Southern Command.
Operation Martillo has been carrying on since January 15, 2012 and
fourteen countries coordinated by U.S. Southern Command: Canada,
Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, the
Netherlands, France, Nicaragua, the United Kingdom and Spain. According
U.S. Sourthern Command, the aim of the operation is to "deny
criminal organizations the ability to exploit these transshipment
routes for the
movement of narcotics, precursor chemicals, bulk cash, and weapons
Central American shipping routes." These statements are extremely
given that the U.S. has been implicated in smuggling weapons into
the height of so-called drug wars, not to mention the U.S.'s long
creating and supporting criminal organizations and regimes in Latin
when it serves their interests.
Sixth Summit of the Americas, Cartagena,
Rejection of Imperialist Agenda
as Summit Gets Underway
Protest against the
Summit of the Americas in the streets of Cartagena, Colombia, April 14,
2012. Amongst other
demands, protestors in orange jumpsuits called for the closure of the
U.S. torture camp at Guantanamo Bay.
The Sixth Summit of the Americas is taking place in
and will conclude on April 15. The theme of the summit is Connecting
Americas -- Partners for Prosperity. The Summit of the Americas process
begun under U.S. President Bill Clinton in 1994 under the aegis of the
instrument of hegemony of the U.S. in the region, the Organization of
American States (OAS). The summit brings together the heads of state of
the countries of the Americas, except Cuba which was removed from the
on January 31, 1962 on the basis of straightforward anti-communism.
Many protestors in
Cartagena waved Cuban flags, in opposition to U.S. attempts to isolate
Cuba, including its exclusion from the Summit.
At the last summit, held in April of 2009 in Port of
Spain, Trinidad, one
of the most significant outcomes was an unprecedented consensus amongst
those participating, with the exception of the United States and
the summits could no longer continue to exclude Cuba and have any
legitimacy. It is for this reason and others that this summit has
by growing rejection of the imperialist arrogance towards the unity of
of the Latin American and Caribbean countries. In a letter to Colombian
President Juan Manuel Santos, Ecuadorian President Raffael Correa
that so long as he was President and Cuba was excluded, he would
participate in the Summits. Then, on the eve of the Summit, Nicaraguan
President Daniel Ortega joined a rally in support of Cuba in Managua,
Nicaragua instead of flying to Colombia for the Summit. For its
Harper government changed its position taken at the previous summit
said it was for the countries which originally excluded Cuba in 1962 to
this should continue (Canada joined the OAS in 1990). Now the Harper
government has joined the United States in openly blocking consensus
In addition to the exclusion of Cuba, the colonial
question of the Malvinas
and Britain's refusal to take any measures to address the concerns of
has been raised by Latin American countries. Also raised as a concern
need to find ways around the U.S.'s fraudulent war on drugs which is
justify all kinds of measures to militarize the hemisphere and
interfere in the
sovereign affairs of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
countries are clear that the demand for drugs in the United States and
is what is fuelling the drug trade and that military and so-called
tough-on-crime measures led by the United States have only made the
worse. A proposal has been put forward by the President
Guatemala to discuss the legalization of drugs so as to end their
trafficking through Central
American countries, as they are neither the producers nor consumers of
drugs. The proposal includes discussion on measures to have the United
final destination countries pay compensation to transit countries, half
would be spent by the countries themselves on the fight against drugs,
25 per cent on education, and the remainder on medicine. The proposal
by Bolivian President Evo Morales earlier in the year to legalize the
production of the coca leaf, and an indication by Colombian President
Manuel Santos that Colombia would consider proposals to legalize
drugs at the international level.
Plenary session of the
Peoples' Summit, April 14, 2012, which brought the event to a close.
Amongst other statements
issued by the assembly,
participants declared U.S. President Barack
Obama persona non grata.
No to Canada's "Americas Strategy"
for the Monopolies
Speaking to CEOs in Cartagena, just prior to the
opening of the Sixth Summit of the Americas, Prime Minister Stephen
tried to present Canada's interests in the Americas as based on
the highest ideals. Spouting the nonsense contained in the Paris
Charter adopted in 1991 by the countries of the Organisation for
Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which aimed to impose
Anglo-American democracy on all countries after the fall of the former
Soviet Union, he hypocritically presented his government's
"America''s Strategy" as "striving to promote prosperity, democracy
and security throughout our hemisphere."
Today, as the countries of
the Americas continue the work to lift their people out of poverty and
regain their independence and fraternal unity, the Harper dictatorship
is playing an obstructionist role by trying to divide Latin America on
the basis of Anglo-American empire-building values of "human rights"
"democracy" as evidenced by Canada's position that Cuba does not meet
the "democratic conditions" contained in the Inter-American Democratic
Charter. At the same time, the Harper government is working as the
strong-arm of the monopolies to capture and dominate Latin American and
Caribbean markets and resources. Harper told the CEOs: "Looking to the
future, we see increased Canadian mining investment throughout the
Americas, something that will be good for our mutual prosperity and is
therefore a priority of our Government. We are prepared to share our
expertise in this area because, as part of our Americas' strategy, we
are striving to promote prosperity, democracy and security throughout
Such moves to push the interests of Canadian monopolies, especially
those in the mining sector, are out of touch with progressive
developments in Latin America which seek to develop alternatives to the
theft of natural resources by multi-national monoplies. They are also
completely inconsistent with the overwhelming sentiment of Canadians
who are opposing some of these same monopolies' actions right here in
Canada. Canadians are for friendly relations with all peoples and
nations of the world based on mutual respect, equality and
non-interference in their sovereign affairs.
This stand against monopoly right in the Americas was clearly expressed
in Quebec City at the Summit of the Americas in 2001 when 75,000
Canadians and Quebeckers took to the streets to oppose the
militarization of the city and to stand as one against the proposed
Free Trade Area of
the Americas (FTAA). This action contributed to the great defeat of the
FTAA by the entire peoples of the Americas.
The 20th century saw U.S.
imperialism wage countless
open and covert
wars against the peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean in the name
stopping the spread of communism. Whole generations of progressive
and political activists were disappeared and never heard from again at
hands of the security apparatuses of the dictatorships established with
backing of the CIA. Progressive leaders were assassinated and brutal
of terror replaced them in order to guarantee that the territory and
of the people of Latin America would not be used to lift the continent
the poverty which resulted from 500 years of colonial domination.
Harper government has joined in lock-step with the U.S. to try and
any forward march in the Americas for the peoples using both military
arrangements and bi-lateral trade agreements.
While it talks about imperialist "criteria" for
membership in the Summits
of the Americas, the Harper dictatorship is itself in contempt of all
accountability, justice and human rights. It is selling out its own
country to the
monopolies and passing legislation to attack the rights of workers,
and immigrants, and anyone else it chooses. It flagrantly violates
law, as in the case of Libya, invading countries so as to open up "new
markets" more favourable to the monopolies.
The Harper dictatorship is in no position to lecture
Cuba, about "openness" or "human rights." Cuba has provided massive
humanitarian assistance to the countries of Latin America and the
while under a brutal blockade imposed by the most powerful military
the planet. It does not place troops on foreign soil, nor does it send
companies around the world marauding for treasure backed up by
Instead it has provided medical professionals, teachers, education and
pro-social initiatives that assist the people. For this reason Cuba
respect in the hearts and minds of the peoples of the world.
Meanwhile, Canada is becoming a merchant of death in
promoting the interests of mining and other resource extraction
the expense of the working class and people of the Americas.
Canada's Americas Strategy is mainly about extending the
of the North American Monopolies to all the Americas in order to
what are considered "emerging markets" and to keep monopoly profits
This "focus" on Latin America was expressed by John Manley, President
the Canadian Council of Chief Executives, who said "raw necessity has
Canadian businesses into Latin America where even eight years ago the
corporate landscape was still so focused on the United States."
"It was less likely that business leaders were going to
spend their time and
money developing distant markets where people spoke a different
where there were sometimes political or security risks, when they could
in Cleveland," Manley said.
"The reality is you have to drive for growth, and
Cleveland's not buying
anymore," he added.
Writing for the Canadian Press, Jennifer Ditchburn puts
it this way:
"South America has become a region that is impossible -- and
foolish -- for Canadian businesses and the federal government to ignore.
"Many of the economies there sailed out of the global
with few scratches. Peru is forecasting 5.5 per cent growth in 2012.
is predicting 6 per cent.
"Although Brazil is experiencing slower growth than in
recent years, it still
managed to surpass Britain last year as the world's sixth biggest
is eyeing the No. 5 spot."
The conclusion? "[I]t's little wonder executives from
companies including Bombardier, Barrick Gold and the Bank of Nova
will also be in Cartagena for a CEO summit."
Examples of the Private Interests Canada Defends
Nothing better exemplifies the anti-people essence of
the Harper dictatorship’s Americas Strategy than the activities of
Canada's resource extraction companies in Latin America. Harper tried
to fool the gullible about these activities at the Summit claiming that
"Canadians are justly proud of our mining industry for its elevated
sense of corporate social responsibility." This could not be any
further from the truth as Canadians are mainly uninformed about what
these monopolies are up to in Latin America, but generally know that
these big monopolies couldn't care less about workers and their
communities as evidenced by their activities at home in Canada.
In Mexico, Canadian mining company Fortuna Silver Mines
to have played a role in the death of Bernardo Vasquez Sanchez, the
the Coordinator of the United Peoples of the Ocotlán Valley,
CPUVO, who was murdered on March 15. Vasquez Sanchez and CPUVO
represented the demand to put an end to the violations of rights
Fortuna Silver Mines and the corruption accepted by the Mayor of San
del Progreso and the alleged collusion of state officials.
In El Salvador, Canadian-based mining company Pacific
Rim launched a
suit against the government of El Salvador in April 2009 after it
renew the company's license in 2004 and 2006 for its El Dorado mine,
in the rural region of Las Cabañas. Pacific Rim is seeking $77
million and $23
million in expected profit losses and expenses, under Chapter 10 of the
Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA).
Las Cabañas is located on the Lempa River, a major river in El
a primary water source. Pacific Rim wants to use large quantities of
cyanide for its mineral extraction, which will flow into the river and
contaminate the water source for hundreds of thousands of Salvadorans.
The Harper dictatorship is the biggest friend of the
Colombia, the host of the Summit of the Americas. In 2008, Canada
the Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement and today Canadian capital
investments in Colombia have surpassed even those of the U.S.,
the areas of extraction of oil, gas, coal, gold and other precious
This despite, or because of, the fact that Colombia
distinction of having the highest number of assassinations of trade
in the world. Colombia holds thousands of political prisoners in its
the current government has issued pardons to 31,000 paramilitary death
against the Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement, June 10, 2009: "Will
be an accomplice to the terror regime in Colombia in the name of the
More recently, the Harper dictatorship has been
investing public "aid
dollars" in order to "assist" Colombian peasants reap the benefits of
monopolies' operations on their lands. This aid is aimed at security
infrastructure, no doubt to guarantee the security of the monopolies
resistance of the local populations.
During Harper's last visit to Colombia, he announced $25
million in aid
for "infrastructure projects" as well as "security." The Canadian
Development Agency (CIDA) added another $25 million, matching $25 from
Canadian oil monopoly Pacific Rubiales which operates in Colombia and
faced resistance as a result of its arbitrary firing of workers and
The Canadian working class and people stand shoulder to
the peoples of Latin America in the fight to establish new arrangements
serve the people and not the monopolies. In particular, Canadians want
respectful and fraternal relations with the countries and peoples of
Americas instead of relations based on exploitation and defence of
1. Jennifer Ditchburn, "Supply
management on table as Harper touts trade at Americas
summit," CP, April 12, 2012.
Cuba's Position on Its Exclusion
At a March 9 press conference at the Cuban Ministry of
Foreign Affairs regarding Cuba's continued exclusion from the Summits
of the Americas,
Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez Parilla stated, "Cuba has
the Summit of the Americas, but supports the unanimous demand of the
ALBA countries to cease the exclusion."
Rodríguez pointed out that the decision to
exclude Cuba from the
Summit in Cartagena came as no surprise, but was the "story of an
foretold," making reference to statements by several U.S. government
spokesmen in the preceding days. He added that the U.S. position to
exclude Cuba from the Summit of the Americas is unacceptable and
Rodríguez said that the Political Council of the
Alliance for the People's of Our America (ALBA), comprising
ministers of the bloc, was actively discussing the matter. "With this
arrogance, the United States is offending the dignity of
Bolívar's Patria Grande
[referring to a
Latin American people -- TML Ed. Note]
and Our America as identified by Martí."
Minister Rodríguez at March 9, 2012 press
ALBA is firm and unanimous on the issue of the
Cuba and the exclusion of the island from hemispheric bodies such as
Summit of the Americas and the OAS, he said.
"[... T]he exclusion of Cuba is probably the most
notorious symbol [of this
type of summit]. It is more evident that these summits are created in
and likeness of their master, which is the Government of the United
that they serve as its instrument to exercise domination in a totally
undemocratic manner, disrespecting other countries which are equal,
and which do not accept being treated like its back yard," Rodriguez
He added that despite its exclusion according to U.S.
wishes, "The presence of Cuba in Cartagena from a
distance will be
"If this exclusion serves to deepen the consciousness of
and Caribbean peoples as to the need for firm, concerted action by Our
America, to advance with more resolve toward our complete and
independence, then we welcome it," said Cuba's top diplomat.
Rodríguez reitereated that, "Cuba's position is
that expressed by President
Raúl Castro Ruz February 4, in Caracas, during the Summit of
Presidents. He said there that Cuba would never have demanded it, but
supports the proposal made by President [of Ecuador Rafael] Correa,
[President of Bolivia] Evo [Morales] and other Presidents, to take
action to end
the exclusion of Cuba."
Special Declaration of Bolivarian
Alliance for the
Peoples of Our Americas' Political Council
Cuba's participation in the Sixth Summit of the
its rejection of the economic, commercial and financial
on that country by the Government of the United States.
The Political Council of the
Bolivarian Alliance for the
Peoples of Our
America (ALBA-TCP), having held its 8th Extraordinary Meeting;
Fulfilling a mandate from the 11th ALBA-TCP Summit, held
February 4-5, 2012, by virtue of which the heads of state and
decided to convene the present meeting;
Meeting of ALBA's
Political Council, Havana, Cuba,
February 15, 2012. (CubaDebate)
Taking into consideration and giving continuity to
pronouncements made during the abovementioned Caracas Summit on the
participation of Cuba in the Sixth Summit of the Americas, to take
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, April 14-15, 2012;
Recalling the positions assumed by the delegations of
our countries in the Fifth Summit of the Americas, held in Trinidad and
Tobago in April 2009,
during which a clear rejection of Cuba's exclusion from these events
expressed, as well as the condemnation of the economic, commercial and
blockade implemented against this country by successive U.S.
Recalling, moreover, the Declaration issued by the
Community of Latin
American and Caribbean States Summit (CELAC), held in Caracas, December
2-3, 2011, in which all the nations of Our America expressed their
rejection of the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed on
Cuba by the United States;
Also recalling the 20 resolutions adopted by the United
Assembly, which have demanded that the government of the United States
America end the economic, commercial and financial blockade of Cuba;
Considering the fact that the promises of change
formulated by the
President of the United States in that Summit, three years ago now,
been translated into concrete acts, ignoring the unanimous demand of
Considering, moreover, recent statements issued by
representatives of the government of the United States, reiterating the
of this administration to accept the participation of Cuba in the
Convinced that transformations and the process of
integration taking place
in the region, consolidated by the constitution of CELAC, demonstrate
Latin America and the Caribbean is not experiencing an era of change
change of era;
Aware of the fact that Colombia has initiated a
concerning the participation of Cuba in the Sixth Summit of the
1. To reaffirm the demand that the United States end its
of the economic, commercial and financial blockade of Cuba and that it
a process of respectful dialogue with this country, based on respect
sovereignty and the inalienable right of the Cuban people to their
2. To reject statements issued by spokespersons and
representatives of the
United States against the participation of Cuba in the Sixth Summit of
Americas, in an attempt to perpetuate its anti-Cuba policy.
3. To unequivocally demand, during the Sixth Summit of
the Americas, the
end of this policy and the lifting of the blockade of Cuba, given the
opposition of the government of the United States to the presence of
4. To support the full participation of the sister
Republic of Cuba in this
Summit, a right which cannot be infringed or subjected to conditions in
violation of its sovereignty.
5. To state the expectation that issues included on the
agenda and those
proposed for inclusion may be considered in a substantive manner which
would endure the satisfactory outcome of the Summit.
6. To continue closely observing the development and
results of the
consultation process currently underway.
7. To call upon the nations of Latin America and the
Caribbean to renew
the demand insisting on an end to this irrational policy, as was the
case in the
5th Trinidad and Tobago Hemispheric Summit.
Ecuador's Withdrawal from Summit
On April 2, Ecuadorian
President Rafael Correa made public his letter to Colombian President
and Sixth Summit host Juan Manuel Santos, indicating that Ecuador would
longer participate in the Summits due to the refusal of the U.S. and
Canada to permit Cuba's full participation in the Summits and the
position of the big powers regarding the Malvinas Islands.
For your information, TML Weekly is providing the full
letter from President Correa.
Dear President and friend,
I value and thank you profoundly for your kind and
to the VI "Summit of the Americas" that will be celebrated in beautiful
Cartagena de Indias April 14-15. Regrettably, in spite of the fact that
Summit of the Americas held in Trinidad and Tobago April 14-19, 2009
rejected the incomprehensible exclusion of the Republic of Cuba from
Summits of the Americas, once again this fraternal country has not been
By definition, a meeting in which a country of the
intentionally and unjustifiably left out cannot be called a "Summit of
Americas." There has been talk of a "lack of consensus," but we all
has to do with the veto of hegemonic countries, an intolerable
situation in our
America of the 21st century.
Likewise, it is unacceptable that such fundamental
matters as the inhuman
blockade of Cuba as well as the aberrant colonization of the Malvinas
that have earned almost unanimous rejection by the nations of the
ignored at these summits.
President of Ecuador Rafael Correa
Never would we seek to cause the slightest problem to
or our dear Colombia. It is, as Bolivar said, about feeling that our
truly is America, and at some point beginning to expose and forcefully
confront these, I repeat, intolerable and even aberrant situations. For
reason, after long reflection I have decided that as long as I am
the Republic of Ecuador, I will not attend any Summit of the "Americas"
the decisions that the Patria Grande calls us to take, are
Our peoples may well tire of their leaders being at so
many summits while
there are so many challenges to overcome, like poverty -- the
keeps Latin America the most unequal region of the world; the
strategy of the fight against the worldwide problem of drugs; the
transformation of the Inter-American Human Rights System that today
interests alien to its founding principles; the validity of a real
expression that is not reduced to the interests of businesses engaged
media; or the complete supremacy of capital over human beings, as can
seen in the mortgage crisis in Spain that is affecting hundreds of
citizens, among them many Latin American migrants.
We hope that our absence will serve as a cordial
invitation to debate things
that are essential and act accordingly, confirming the esteem and
we feel towards all our colleagues, Heads of State of the Continent,
friends with whom we share dreams of better days for our peoples.
For the good of the region and the world, we wish the
to be a success. The desire to be with you is enormous, surpassed only
firmness of our convictions.
Ever onward to victory!
Rafael Correa Delgado,
Constitutional President of the Republic of Ecuador
Quito, April 2, 2012
Britain Must Get Out of the Malvinas
Cristina Kirchner at a ceremony marking the 30th anniversary of the
Malvinas Islands war
between Argentina and Britain, in Ushuaia, the
southernmost city of Argentina, April 2, 2012. (Xinhua)
On the agenda of the Summit of the Americas is the
removal of Britain from the Malvinas, islands which are part of
Argentina's sovereign territory and located about 400 km off its coast,
but continually occupied and administered by Britain since 1833. April
2 marked the thirtieth anniversary of the 1982 Falklands/Malvinas War
in which Britain caused the death of nearly 1,000 combatants from
Britain and Argentina.
The President of Argentina, Cristina Kirchner, in her
statement on the anniversary, said, "It's an injustice that in the 21st
enclaves still exist in the world -- and ten of the 16 that remain
belong to the
UK." She added that it was "absurd" that Britain still maintained
over islands that are 8,000 miles away from its shores and concluded by
that the Malvinas "are a national, South American and global cause. All
Argentina is asking for is dialogue."
Veterans of the
Malvinas Islands War occupy the English Tower in downtown Buenos
Aires, March 21, 2012, to
protest Britain's continued possession of the islands. The monument
was given to Argentina by
the British in 1916 on the 100th anniversary of its
Argentina is strongly supported by other Latin American
countries as is
evident from the recent statement submitted to the UN from the foreign
ministers of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) which
condemned what it referred to as this "anachronistic and colonial
taking place on American soil." The ministers expressed regret that
government continues to flout UN resolutions passed on this issue since
Venezuela's Foreign Minister pointed out, "There cannot be a single
enclave in South America and the Malvinas' cause is one of the most
the 21st century. Decolonizing the Malvinas is going to be a great
for the independence, peace and stability of our region."
Britain marked the anniversary with statements from
Prime Minister David
Cameron and his government and by the dispatch of the heavily armed
warship HMS Dauntless to the Malvinas, demonstrating its
to colonial invasion and military conquest in the mold of the Thatcher
government of the 1980s.
Prime Minister Cameron's statement referred to "the part
in righting a profound wrong." This was not a reference to any action
address the violation of Argentina's sovereign right but to the
aggressive policies followed by
Thatcher government and its successors. Turning truth on its head
Cameron presented Britain as the one defending the right to
self-determination, saying that the principle
self-determination was "the fundamental principle that was at stake
ago: and the principle which we solemnly re-affirm today."
William Hague, Foreign Secretary and First Secretary of
State, wrote an
article for the Telegraph in which amongst other things he
maintained that the government wishes to establish closer economic and
relations with the countries of South America, especially those with
developing economies such as Brazil. According to the Foreign
Britain's trade with that country, Colombia and Mexico will
by 2015. While Britain has refused to enter into any negotiation with
Argentina over the sovereignty of the Malvinas, in his article Hague
Argentina to discuss with Britain what he called "confidence building
measures" including the government's plans for the future economic
exploitation of the region.
The British government's statements about the right of
for its citizens in the Malvinas cover up its defence of the interests
of the big
monopolies that are determined to maintain control of the oil reserves
have been discovered off the Malvinas. British control over the
serves as a foothold to access the unexploited resources of Antarctica.
It is in this context that the British government
remains committed to
maintaining what the rest of the world considers an anachronism --
control of a territory thousands of miles from Britain. There can be no
justification for such a stance in the 21st century. Britain must get
out of the
No to the Trans-Pacific Partnership!
Canada's CEOs Call for Wrecking
of Supply Management
If there still existed any
doubts as to who will be
served by the wrecking
of Canada's current supply management system of marketing agricultural
products, recent statements by John Manley, President and CEO of the
Canadian Council of Chief Executives,
have removed them.
former Liberal MP for Ottawa, stated on April 10 on behalf of the
monopolies which he represents that he hopes the Harper government has
"begun planning for some kind of transition from supply management."
Manley added: "This is very much in the national interest to grow out
national system that may have served us well at one time but has become
impediment to our own region and elsewhere." Of course, Manley and the
monopolies he speaks for only use "national interest" as a smokescreen
the only aim of the monopolies is maximizing their profits by any means
Manley's cheerleading for the monopolies echoes the
March 29, 2012 budget which promises that Canada will announce a "new
global commerce strategy" in 2013 to capitalize on markets like the
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the new Asia-Pacific free trade group.
dictatorship is manoeuvring to get Canada into the TPP, even though
members object to Canada's supply management systems. Harper has made
feeble noises about retaining the systems but he has also stated that
is on the table during TPP negotiations. In any case, his shock and awe
dismantling of the Canadian Wheat Board in the face of vehement
by farmers, workers, and their allies, demonstrates that he will have
about suddenly dismantling any and all agricultural supply management
systems, regardless of their many benefits to the people of Canada and
regardless of any assurances to the contrary that he gives in the House
All nine member countries
within the TPP talks -- the
Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Peru, Malaysia, Viet Nam, Singapore and
Brunei -- must agree before any country can join the TPP talks at this
Following the Sixth Summit of the Americas, Harper goes to Chile where
getting its support for Canada's membership in the TPP is high on the
agenda. Meanwhile, Harper's flunkey, Canada's International Trade
Minister Ed Fast, has
jetting about the world for the last two months to secure the consent
TPP members to Canada's participation. One of the subjects
these discussions is the demand that Canada dismantle its dairy supply
management systems. On April 11, Fast visited Peru, with which Canada
already has a free trade agreement. After talks with the Peruvian
Fast clarified the Harper dictatorship's intentions: "I am pleased that
in all of
my meetings and discussions to date, including here in Peru, Canada's
in joining the TPP talks has been positively received." Canada will
in the next and 12th Round of TPP negotiations, which take place in
Texas, May 8-18, 2012.
The supply management systems of the provinces are
organizations which were developed to fulfill the needs of agricultural
and that render account to the actual producers as to the price that
is put on
the value they have produced. They oppose the dogma of the ruling
that some mysterious "free market" can set "fair" prices, even when
sector of the economy is dominated by monopolies that manipulate prices
suit their narrow interests. Supply management systems have a long and
commendable record of maintaining stable and consistent prices for
processors and consumers, ensuring a constant and certain supply of
products and eliminating reliance on subsidies. For example, since
2001, 100 per cent of Alberta's dairy producer revenues have been
from the market.
The agricultural products marketed through supply
play an important role in the lives of the people. For example, in
10,000 farmers, working people, and others rely on milk for their
The Alberta dairy industry supports an estimated $2.5 billion in
activity and contributed a record $1.27 billion to the provincial
2005 (latest available figures). Dismantling agricultural supply
systems will result in the elimination of self-employed farmers, loss
other livelihoods, increased economic insecurity, unstable and rising
decline in production and quality, and a further opening up of the
food-producing industry to foreign takeovers. Just as is the case in
dismantling of the Wheat Board, foreign monopolies are waiting to take
control of provincial agricultural industries, once local producer
destroyed. The destruction of the
dairy and other agricultural
management systems in the service of the monopolies in order to join
would be another blow against thinking, social consciousness and
must not pass!
1. The Canadian Council of
Executives (CCCE) is an
of heads of about 150 major Canadian corporations. The organization was
founded in 1976 as the Business Council on National Issues, but renamed
in 2001. Member CEOs lead companies that collectively administer $4.5
trillion in assets and more than $850 billion in annual revenues.
2. As a result of Harper's
of the Canadian
Wheat Board, the
shady European monopoly Glencore announced on March 15 that it was
partnering with Canadian monopolies Richardson International and Agrium
carve up Viterra, Canada's leading grain marketer. (Interestingly,
Richardson is the current Chairman of the CCCE!) Glencore's partnering
strategy has allowed Harper to falsely claim that Viterra is not
"foreign takeover." Viterra shareholders, the largest of which is the
government, vote on the takeover on May 29.
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