August 3, 2009 - No. 150
56th Anniversary of Korean Armistice
Demand U.S. Sign Peace Treaty to End
Panmunjom, Korea, July 27, 1953. An armistice is
signed by U.S. Army Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, Jr. (left), senior
delegate, on behalf of the UN Command Delegation and General Nam Il of
the DPRK, senior delegate, Delegation of the Korean
People's Army and the Chinese People's Volunteers, which brought about
an end to open warfare in the Korean war. The armistice was reached
after 158 meetings spread over more than two years. The building as
shown above has been preserved by the DPRK in the demilitarized zone to
inform future generations of the crimes committed by the U.S. and its
allies and the need to ensure Korea is peacefully reunified free from
• Demand U.S.
Sign Peace Treaty to End Korean War!
• Call for U.S. to Sign Peace Treaty with DPRK
• War Victory Day Celebrated in DPRK
• Historic Victory in the Fatherland Liberation
War - Speech by Kim Il Sung to Korean People's Army Unit
256, October 23, 1953 (excerpts)
Korea Is One!
• All Out to Support the Signature Campaign for
Six Party Talks
• DPRK Foreign Ministry Spokesman on
Unreasonable Call for Resumption of Six-Party Talks
56th Anniversary of Korean Armistice
Demand U.S. Sign Peace Treaty to End
July 27, 2009 marked the 56th
anniversary of the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement (KAA)
between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the United
States which brought a ceasefire to the Korean War -- a war of
aggression against the Korean people led by the U.S. imperialists and
their allies including Canada, and carried out under the fig-leaf of
flag. In the DPRK, the signing of the KAA brought a successful end to
the Fatherland Liberation War. Meetings and commemoration ceremonies
were held in the DPRK and among the patriotic Korean forces in
the south and overseas as well as progressive forces in various
countries around the world to
mark this occasion. In the Korean war the people of the DPRK
were mobilized to support the Korean People's Army under the leadership
of Comrade Kim Il Sung, founder and leader of the DPRK, which handed a
resounding defeat to the U.S. aggressors and their allies marking the
first time the U.S. had suffered
a military defeat in the 20th century.
On July 24, 2009, President Barack Obama declared July
27 to be National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day in the U.S. to
honour "the dedicated servicemen and women who fought to secure freedom
and democracy on the Korean Peninsula and deserve unending respect and
gratitude from the
American people." Thus, the U.S. president takes no responsibility on
behalf of the U.S. for the crimes against the peace, war crimes and
crimes against humanity that were committed against the Korean people
in that war on June 25, 1950 which claimed the lives of over 4 million
Koreans, the vast majority of whom
were civilians. The pronouncement of National Korean War Armistice Day
shows that the U.S. refuses to move one iota towards making amends for
its crimes against the Korean people, instead inflaming the already
tense relationship between itself and the DPRK. It is a thinly veiled
threat to unleash another Korean
War -- in the name of securing "freedom and democracy" on the Korean
Pyongyang, DPRK, 1953,
after U.S. bombing.
The aim of the U.S. today is the same as it was then --
to take over the entire Korean peninsula as a launching pad for its
takeover of Asia and then the world. The U.S. justification for doing
so remains as bankrupt as ever. All the attempts of the U.S. to realize
its domination of the region -- its occupation
of the Korean peninsula with almost 30,000 troops as well as its
military bases, the ongoing attempts to sabotage the Korean people's
movement for national reunification, and its engineering of one
fascistic puppet regime after another in the south, including the
present regime of
Lee Myung Bak and its continuous disinformation
and propaganda that the "problem" in Korea is the "threat" from the
DPRK -- have failed to silence the 70 million Koreans who are demanding
with one voice the peaceful and independent reunification of their
homeland, free from U.S. imperialist interference. The criminal role of
the U.S. imperialists in Korea, from
1945 to the present, has been exposed for the whole world to see, and
the resolute struggle of the Korean people stands as an example for all
the peoples of the world fighting against imperialist domination.
One of the main demands of the Korean people and
all peace and justice loving people around the world if for the U.S. to
a peace treaty with the DPRK to replace the KAA and bring a formal end
to the Korean War. This would be a first step in stabilizing the
political situation on the peninsula
and easing tensions that could at any time ignite a nuclear war which
would engulf the whole world. The DPRK has proposed the signing of a
formal peace treaty with the U.S. several times. So far the U.S., which
has even violated all the terms of the armistice agreement since the
time it was signed, has
also rebuffed these proposals. This shows who is for war and who is for
peace. The U.S. must be held
accountable for its crimes on the Korean peninsula and be forced to
sign a formal peace
treaty with the DPRK!
TML calls on the Canadian working class and
people to vigourously support the people of Korea and their just
struggle for self-determination, peace, independence and reunification.
U.S. Troops Out of Korea!
Demabd the U.S. Sign a Formal Peace Treaty with the DPRK Now!
Call for U.S. to Sign Peace Treaty with DPRK
TML is posting below an open letter from
Hwayoung Lee, Chair of the U.S. Chapter of the Korea Truth Commission,
to U.S. President Barack Obama calling on the U.S. to sign a peace
treaty and normalize relations with the DPRK.
Dear President Obama,
As you likely know, on July 27, 1953, only a cease-fire
agreement was signed by the U.S. with North Korea, not a peace treaty.
It is long overdue for the U.S. to sign a legally binding peace treaty
with North Korea replacing the world's longest 56-year old cease-fire.
Without such assurances, the people
of north Korea remain in fear that their sovereignty could be
threatened at anytime by the U.S. in conjunction with its ally, South
The "Cold War" partition of the Korean Peninsula into
two regions by the U.S. in August 1945 after Japan's surrender in WWII
was imposed against the wishes of the Peninsula's people. The U.S., in
effect, replaced the hated 40-year Japanese occupation of Korea, an
action unequivocally opposed by
the vast majority of the Korean people.
Ironically, Korea, unlike Japan, had not invaded or
occupied any other nation. This egregious assault on the Korean people
ultimately led to what is called the Korean War in which 4-6 million
Koreans were killed, mostly by incomprehensible bombing. The division
and the war forcibly separated 10
million families. Most of them have never heard from one another, and
by now, after 60 years, most are deceased. The division of the ancient
homogenous Korean people is one of the crimes of the Twentieth Century
that remains unaddressed.
President Carter once admitted the U.S.' profound
responsibility for the division of Korea and tried to pull the U.S.
troops out of Korea. We Koreans sincerely hope that you will follow
through on President Carter's unfinished work on the Korean Peninsula.
Given the current situation on the Korean
Peninsula, Koreans feel threatened by the prospect of another war as
has happened so many times over the last 6 decades.
It is time for the U.S. to sign a peace treaty and
normalize relations. For this to happen, the U.S. troops must be
removed from what is now called South Korea, and the complete
denuclearization of the Peninsula, including all its surrounding waters.
We are urging the U.S. to sign a peace treaty with
north Korea. We sincerely hope that you will take this necessary step
to finally achieve peace in Korea.
Chair, Korea Truth Commission-United States
War Victory Day Celebrated in DPRK
Right: Kim Yong Nam,
president of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK
lays a wreath
before the Revolutionary
Martyrs Cemetery on Mount Taesong in Pyongyang, July 27, 2009 on the
occasion of the 56th anniversary of the end of the Korea War. Left:
Korean youth present present bouquets at a
war memorial and statue
of President Kim Il Sung.
The Korean Central News Agency carried the following
report on July 28, 2009:
The 56th anniversary of the victory in the Fatherland
Liberation War was significantly celebrated in different parts of the
DPRK. The Mansudae Art Troupe, the State Folk Art Troupe and the State
Symphony Orchestra gave art performances and a concert at the East
Pyongyang Grand Theatre, the Central
Youth Hall and the Moranbong Theatre.
The performances included "Cantata to Marshal Kim Il
Sung," the chorus "Our Victory-Day July 27," the male chorus "Song of
National Defence," mixed quintet "Oh, My Motherland of Songun" and
other pieces. Among them were hymns in high praise of the immortal
exploits of President Kim
Il Sung who won the great victory in the Fatherland Liberation War and
the heroic feats of the Korean army and people.
The performers sang of the history of war victory, a
shining result of the wise leadership of the President, and well
represented the firm faith and will of the servicepersons and the
people of the DPRK to always win victory, closely rallied around
General Secretary Kim Jong Il. Artists of the State Theatrical
Troupe, the Pyongyang Circus and the Pyongyang Moranbong Circus staged
story-telling and acrobatic performances full of revolutionary
optimism, emotion and militant stamina, delighting citizens of
Pyongyang on V-day. There was also a celebratory art performance of war
veterans in the city.
Meanwhile, celebratory performances of artists were
given at art theatres and cultural houses in local areas including
Jagang and South Hwanghae provinces. There were the performance of
choruses "We Will Uphold My Motherland of Songun with Iron and Steel"
by discharged soldiers at the Hwanghae
Iron and Steel Complex and art performance and oratorical contest of
war veterans and trade union officials and members in South Hamgyong
Women's union members in South Phyongan and North
Hamgyong provinces arranged a celebration performance and a stage of
wartime songs displaying the indomitable fighting spirit of the Korean
In Sinuiju there was "The Victory Day July 27 Is
Everlasting under the Leadership of the Brilliant Commander of Songun,"
an art performance given by working people and school youth and
children to celebrate the war victory day. Working people in the city
of Wonsan held a concert of wartime
songs including "We Will Emerge Victorious" to enjoy the holiday amid
joy and emotion.
Historic Victory in the Fatherland Liberation War
On October 23, 1953, less than three months after the
signing of the
Armistice Agreement on July 27, Premier Kim Il Sung of the Democratic
People's Republic of Korea gave a speech before the officers and men of
Unit 256 of the Korean People's Army summing up the significance of the
Korean people's victory
in the Fatherland Liberation War, also known as the Korean War. TML
is posting below excerpts from his speech.
As you know, the Korean war ended in our victory. It is
we failed to wipe out the enemy and we have not yet reunified the
country. However, we defeated the huge armed forces of U.S.
imperialism, the ringleader of world imperialism and its 15 satellite
countries, and forced them to sign
the Armistice Agreement as we demanded. This is a great victory for us.
What are the victories we achieved in the arduous
Firstly, the Korean people and the People's Army, through their heroic
struggle, repulsed the enemy's invasion and defended the democratic
base in the northern half of Korea with honour. Taking advantage of
the Soviet army following
liberation, we established the democratic base in the north and carried
out tremendous work in all spheres -- political, economic, cultural and
Premier Kim Il Sung
endorses the July 27, 1953 armistice agreement.
We formed the Workers' Party with 800,000 members,
organizations such as the Democratic Youth Leagues, trade unions, the
Peasants' Union and Women's Union, which have a membership of several
million, drew broad sections of the masses into the Democratic Front
for the Reunification
of the Fatherland, and rallied them firmly around the Party and
Government. We built the Party strongly and cemented the unity between
the Party and the masses, thereby preparing a solid political force.
At the same time, we mobilized the people to carry out
reforms such as agrarian reform and nationalization of industries,
conducted economic construction vigourously, and took all measures to
increase the economic power of the northern half [of our country...]
Because we set up the democratic base in good time and
strengthened the People's Army, we could defeat the invaders from the
16 countries headed by U.S. imperialism and secure victory in the war.
Had we fought the war only with the Syngman Rhee puppet army, not
with troops of U.S. imperialism
and its satellites, we would have vanquished it and achieved the
To repel the invasion of U.S. imperialism and its
defend the democratic base, our people and People's Army fought
heroically, never yielding to difficulties and trials.
We have firm belief that as long as there are large
Party members who have a high degree of political awareness and are
tempered like steel, and the people who are rallied firmly around the
Party, and as long as we have the solid democratic base, we can defeat
any enemy invasion in future.
Second, in the Korean war, the Korean people and the
not only inflicted a military defeat upon the enemy, but also caused
him a severe political setback. The Korean war laid bare the brutal
nature of imperialism to the world, and shattered the myth of the
"might "of U.S. imperialism
In fact, earlier some people had an illusion about the
"humanitarianism" of U.S. imperialism. Through the Korean war, however,
the people of the world not only realized clearly that the U.S.
imperialists were the most heinous savages but also came to believe
more firmly that if a people
fought to the last bravely, arms in hand, they would be able to defeat
the imperialists [...]
[In the past], the U.S. imperialists resorted to every
trick to curry favour with the Korean people, but in fact they did not
give up their ambition to conquer Korea. They actively supported
Japanese imperialism in its aggression of Korea. We could see the
craftiness of the U.S. imperialists on
the problem of forming the Second Front during the Second World War and
the question of Korea liberation.
In fact, the U.S. imperialism played no part whatsoever
liberation of Korea. The Soviet Army, together with the Korean People's
Revolutionary Army, vanquished the Japanese imperialist Kwantung Army
of one million, and emancipated Korea while the U.S. imperialists did
not do anything.
The U.S. imperialists, who landed in south Korea without as much as
firing a shot, were brazen enough to advertise themselves as the
"liberator" of the south Korean people. This deceptive trick could not
work long. The Korean war laid bare the aggressive nature of U.S.
imperialism and smashed to pieces the illusion
which some people had cherished about it in the past [...]
By using germ weapons and resorting to all sorts of
the Korean war, the U.S. imperialists exposed to the people all over
the world their viciousness surpassing that of the Hitlerites and the
Japanese imperialists. In the Korean war they fully revealed not only
their bestiality and viciousness,
but also their vulnerability [...] the U.S. imperialists looked down on
as a "small country", but they sustained an ignominious defeat in the
Korean war. [...] We proved to the people of the world that if they
fight valiantly like Koreans, they can beat back the aggression of any
imperialists and free themselves from
their yoke [...]
Third, the Korean people, the People's Army, Party and
bodies, social organizations and their officials were tempered and they
gained rich experience in the three years of the war. This is one of
the greatest victories we achieved. [...] Our party and Government
gained the priceless experience
of working out scientific strategy and tactics for leading the army
skilfully in war against a strong enemy, of stabilizing the people's
living and meeting the demands of the front satisfactorily even under
wartime conditions [...]
We are guided by the Workers' Party of Korea: we are
not hired for
money, but equipped with an indomitable will and all-conquering
Marxist-Leninist ideas. Therefore, we are firmly convinced through our
own experience that we can surmount any difficulty and secure victory
in war [...]
Fourth, the justness of our people's fighting aim and
self-sacrificing struggle has greatly raised our country's external
position and prestige, and we made a great a great contribution to the
cause of safeguarding universal peace and security. Never before in our
nation's history have we enjoyed such
support and sympathy of the people of the whole world nor has our
international prestige risen so high as today.
When our Government delegation visited the Soviet Union
European People's Democracies recently, the peoples of these countries
wished us the earliest possible rehabilitation from war wounds and
promised to give us selfless aid in the spirit of proletarian
We celebrated the conclusion of the Armistice Agreement
as a great
victory, whereas Syngman Rhee said it was the greatest national
humiliation for the 16 countries, unable to defeat a "small communist
army", to have signed the Armistice Agreement. Needless to say, the
Americans did not regard
it as honourable to sign the Armistice Agreement, either. Why? Because
agreeing to the ceasefire, instead of defeating what they call "small
Korea", would have exposed the American inability to the people of the
world and to the people of their satellite countries in particular. In
an attempt to escape such a humiliation,
the U.S. imperialists delayed the armistice talks for more than two
years and employed every trick to become the "victor." But, on finding
it utterly impossible to achieve victory, they finally signed the
Armistice Agreement. [...]
1. Syngman Rhee, a diehard
was brought in from Hawaii after the Second World War and installed as
"President of the Republic of Korea" in August 1948 in a fraudulent
election organized by the U.S. occupiers of south Korea to consolidate
their hold on the Korean
Korea Is One!
All Out to Support the Signature Campaign
for Korean Reunification!
We, undersigned, citizens and residents of Canada:
1. Resolutely support the 60-year struggle of the Korean
people to re-unify their divided country by their own efforts,
peacefully and without outside interference. We add our voices to those
who are calling on the south Korean government of President Lee Myung
Bak to uphold the spirit and principles
of the June 15 North-South Joint Declaration and the October 4
Agreement signed between the leaders of the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) in 2000 and
2. Call on the Canadian government to immediately
normalize relations with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
(DPRK) by building a Canadian embassy in Pyongyang, DPRK and
facilitating the opening of a DPRK embassy in Ottawa so as to foster
peaceful, fraternal relations between the people
of Canada and the people of the DPRK. This will contribute to building
stability and peace on the Korean peninsula.
3. Demand U.S. Troops Out of Korea! and an end to all
U.S. nuclear blackmail and military provocations against the Korean
people; the withdrawal of the 28,000 U.S. troops from south Korea; the
closing of all U.S. army, navy and air force bases in and around Korea,
and an end to all U.S.- south Korean
joint military exercises directed against the DPRK.
4. Call on the U.S.
to sign a peace treaty with the DPRK to replace the Korean Armistice
Agreement (KAA) which will immediately lessen military tensions on the
Korean peninsula and reduce the danger of a nuclear war breaking out on
the Korean peninsula.
For information and copies of the petition:
Tel: (416) 925-3250
Mail: Korean Reunification Movement
P.O. Box 130, Station "P"
Six Party Talks
DPRK Foreign Ministry Spokesman on Unreasonable Call
for Resumption of Six-Party Talks
A spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Ministry issued a
statement on Monday, July 27 in connection with the fact that at the
Ministerial Meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) Regional Forum held in Thailand on July 23, some countries
expressed their views that the six-party talks
should be resumed.
The statement said that while some of them were
motivated to call for dialogue by their concerns about the mounting
tension on the Korean Peninsula, there was a country that deliberately
raised the voice to bring pressure to bear on the DPRK. Any attempt to
side with those who claim the resumption
of the six-party talks without grasping the essence of the matter will
not help ease tension; on the contrary, it may lay a fifth wheel to the
resolution of the problem. Explaining the reason why the six-party
talks came to a definite end, the statement noted:
Given the complicated composition of the six-party
talks, the talks couldn't make progress apart from the principle of
respect for sovereignty and equality. With the exception of the DPRK,
the only non-aligned country among the parties to the talks, the other
parties were either permanent member of
the United Nations Security Council or military allies of the United
In view of the extreme imbalance in the composition of
the six-party talks, the most required principle was the respect for
sovereignty and equality among the parties, the lifeblood of the talks.
That was why the "spirit of mutual respect for sovereignty and
equality" was stipulated at the beginning of
the Joint Statement which the six parties agreed on and signed on
September 19, 2005.
However, this principle -- the lifeblood of the
talks -- was disregarded when we launched an artificial satellite for
peaceful purposes on April 5 this year. As is well known, we launched
the satellite on a legitimate basis after going through the same
relevant international procedures as other countries.
This being a hard reality, parties to the six-party
talks took the lead in perpetrating a hostile act against the DPRK;
they brought up the issue of its satellite launch for discussion at the
United Nations Security Council in a discriminatory manner which
"denounced" and imposed "sanctions" on it. As
we have clarified in previous statements, the six-party talks were
consequently reduced to a platform for blocking even the DPRK's
development of science and technology for peaceful purposes and curbing
the normal progress of its economy.
It became all the more clear that other parties are
taking advantage of these six-party talks to seek their ulterior aims
to disarm and incapacitate the DPRK so that it can only subsist on the
bread crumbs thrown away by them. The six-party talks departed from
their original goal and nature so far due
to the unchanged moves of the hostile forces to stifle the DPRK that
they can hardly regain them.
The state of affairs would not have reached the current
gridlock if the U.S. and other parties to the six-party talks had not
resorted to the reckless and shameless moves to deprive the DPRK of its
legitimate right to launch satellites by abusing the name of the United
Nations Security Council. The parties
who now insist on the resumption of the six-party talks are in dead
silence about their behaviour that scuttled the talks and sparked off
This is the essence and the background of the current
state of affairs, which the countries that are not parties to the
six-party talks should understand. If these countries blindly respond
to the call for the resumption of the six-party talks, contending that
there is no other alternative, it doesn't help resolve
the problem; it does more harm than good.
We value sovereignty and dignity as our life and soul.
It is preposterous to consider the DPRK as a country acting at other's
beck and call in the matters of the six-party talks. As a party
concerned, we know what should be done to resolve the problem far
better than anyone else.
There is a specific and reserved form of dialogue that
can address the current situation.
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