CPC(M-L) HOME TML Daily Archive Le Marxiste-Léniniste quotidien

August 3, 2009 - No. 150

56th Anniversary of Korean Armistice Agreement

Demand U.S. Sign Peace Treaty to End Korean War!


  Panmunjom, Korea, July 27, 1953. An armistice is signed by U.S. Army Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, Jr. (left), senior delegate, on behalf of the UN Command Delegation and General Nam Il of the DPRK, senior delegate, Delegation of the Korean People's Army and the Chinese People's Volunteers, which brought about an end to open warfare in the Korean war. The armistice was reached after 158 meetings spread over more than two years. The building as shown above has been preserved by the DPRK in the demilitarized zone to inform future generations of the crimes committed by the U.S. and its allies and the need to ensure Korea is peacefully reunified free from outside interference.

Demand U.S. Sign Peace Treaty to End Korean War!
Call for U.S. to Sign Peace Treaty with DPRK
War Victory Day Celebrated in DPRK
Historic Victory in the Fatherland Liberation War - Speech by Kim Il Sung to Korean People's Army Unit 256, October 23, 1953 (excerpts)

Korea Is One!
All Out to Support the Signature Campaign for Korean Reunification!

Six Party Talks
DPRK Foreign Ministry Spokesman on Unreasonable Call for Resumption of Six-Party Talks


56th Anniversary of Korean Armistice Agreement

Demand U.S. Sign Peace Treaty to End Korean War!

July 27, 2009 marked the 56th anniversary of the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement (KAA) between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the United States which brought a ceasefire to the Korean War -- a war of aggression against the Korean people led by the U.S. imperialists and their allies including Canada, and carried out under the fig-leaf of the UN flag. In the DPRK, the signing of the KAA brought a successful end to the Fatherland Liberation War. Meetings and commemoration ceremonies were held in the DPRK and among the patriotic Korean forces in the south and overseas as well as progressive forces in various countries around the world to mark this occasion. In the Korean war the people of the DPRK were mobilized to support the Korean People's Army under the leadership of Comrade Kim Il Sung, founder and leader of the DPRK, which handed a resounding defeat to the U.S. aggressors and their allies marking the first time the U.S. had suffered a military defeat in the 20th century.

On July 24, 2009, President Barack Obama declared July 27 to be National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day in the U.S. to honour "the dedicated servicemen and women who fought to secure freedom and democracy on the Korean Peninsula and deserve unending respect and gratitude from the American people." Thus, the U.S. president takes no responsibility on behalf of the U.S. for the crimes against the peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity that were committed against the Korean people in that war on June 25, 1950 which claimed the lives of over 4 million Koreans, the vast majority of whom were civilians. The pronouncement of National Korean War Armistice Day shows that the U.S. refuses to move one iota towards making amends for its crimes against the Korean people, instead inflaming the already tense relationship between itself and the DPRK. It is a thinly veiled threat to unleash another Korean War -- in the name of securing "freedom and democracy" on the Korean peninsula.


Pyongyang, DPRK, 1953, after U.S. bombing.

The aim of the U.S. today is the same as it was then -- to take over the entire Korean peninsula as a launching pad for its takeover of Asia and then the world. The U.S. justification for doing so remains as bankrupt as ever. All the attempts of the U.S. to realize its domination of the region -- its occupation of the Korean peninsula with almost 30,000 troops as well as its military bases, the ongoing attempts to sabotage the Korean people's movement for national reunification, and its engineering of one fascistic puppet regime after another in the south, including the present regime of Lee Myung Bak and its continuous disinformation and propaganda that the "problem" in Korea is the "threat" from the DPRK -- have failed to silence the 70 million Koreans who are demanding with one voice the peaceful and independent reunification of their homeland, free from U.S. imperialist interference. The criminal role of the U.S. imperialists in Korea, from 1945 to the present, has been exposed for the whole world to see, and the resolute struggle of the Korean people stands as an example for all the peoples of the world fighting against imperialist domination.

One of the main demands of the Korean people and all peace and justice loving people around the world if for the U.S. to sign a peace treaty with the DPRK to replace the KAA and bring a formal end to the Korean War. This would be a first step in stabilizing the political situation on the peninsula and easing tensions that could at any time ignite a nuclear war which would engulf the whole world. The DPRK has proposed the signing of a formal peace treaty with the U.S. several times. So far the U.S., which has even violated all the terms of the armistice agreement since the time it was signed, has also rebuffed these proposals. This shows who is for war and who is for peace. The U.S. must be held accountable for its crimes on the Korean peninsula and be forced to sign a formal peace treaty with the DPRK!

TML calls on the Canadian working class and people to vigourously support the people of Korea and their just struggle for self-determination, peace, independence and reunification.

U.S. Troops Out of Korea!
Demabd the U.S. Sign a Formal Peace Treaty with the DPRK Now!

Return to top


Call for U.S. to Sign Peace Treaty with DPRK

TML is posting below an open letter from Hwayoung Lee, Chair of the U.S. Chapter of the Korea Truth Commission, to U.S. President Barack Obama calling on the U.S. to sign a peace treaty and normalize relations with the DPRK.

***

Dear President Obama,

As you likely know, on July 27, 1953, only a cease-fire agreement was signed by the U.S. with North Korea, not a peace treaty. It is long overdue for the U.S. to sign a legally binding peace treaty with North Korea replacing the world's longest 56-year old cease-fire. Without such assurances, the people of north Korea remain in fear that their sovereignty could be threatened at anytime by the U.S. in conjunction with its ally, South Korea.

The "Cold War" partition of the Korean Peninsula into two regions by the U.S. in August 1945 after Japan's surrender in WWII was imposed against the wishes of the Peninsula's people. The U.S., in effect, replaced the hated 40-year Japanese occupation of Korea, an action unequivocally opposed by the vast majority of the Korean people.

Ironically, Korea, unlike Japan, had not invaded or occupied any other nation. This egregious assault on the Korean people ultimately led to what is called the Korean War in which 4-6 million Koreans were killed, mostly by incomprehensible bombing. The division and the war forcibly separated 10 million families. Most of them have never heard from one another, and by now, after 60 years, most are deceased. The division of the ancient homogenous Korean people is one of the crimes of the Twentieth Century that remains unaddressed.

President Carter once admitted the U.S.' profound responsibility for the division of Korea and tried to pull the U.S. troops out of Korea. We Koreans sincerely hope that you will follow through on President Carter's unfinished work on the Korean Peninsula. Given the current situation on the Korean Peninsula, Koreans feel threatened by the prospect of another war as has happened so many times over the last 6 decades.

It is time for the U.S. to sign a peace treaty and normalize relations. For this to happen, the U.S. troops must be removed from what is now called South Korea, and the complete denuclearization of the Peninsula, including all its surrounding waters.

We are urging the U.S. to sign a peace treaty with north Korea. We sincerely hope that you will take this necessary step to finally achieve peace in Korea.

Sincerely,

Hwayoung Lee
Chair, Korea Truth Commission-United States

Return to top


War Victory Day Celebrated in DPRK


Right: Kim Yong Nam, president of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK lays a wreath
before the Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetery on Mount Taesong in Pyongyang, July 27, 2009 on the occasion of the 56th anniversary of the end of the Korea War. Left: Korean youth present present bouquets at a
war memorial and statue of President Kim Il Sung.

The Korean Central News Agency carried the following report on July 28, 2009:

The 56th anniversary of the victory in the Fatherland Liberation War was significantly celebrated in different parts of the DPRK. The Mansudae Art Troupe, the State Folk Art Troupe and the State Symphony Orchestra gave art performances and a concert at the East Pyongyang Grand Theatre, the Central Youth Hall and the Moranbong Theatre.

The performances included "Cantata to Marshal Kim Il Sung," the chorus "Our Victory-Day July 27," the male chorus "Song of National Defence," mixed quintet "Oh, My Motherland of Songun" and other pieces. Among them were hymns in high praise of the immortal exploits of President Kim Il Sung who won the great victory in the Fatherland Liberation War and the heroic feats of the Korean army and people.

The performers sang of the history of war victory, a shining result of the wise leadership of the President, and well represented the firm faith and will of the servicepersons and the people of the DPRK to always win victory, closely rallied around General Secretary Kim Jong Il. Artists of the State Theatrical Troupe, the Pyongyang Circus and the Pyongyang Moranbong Circus staged story-telling and acrobatic performances full of revolutionary optimism, emotion and militant stamina, delighting citizens of Pyongyang on V-day. There was also a celebratory art performance of war veterans in the city.

Meanwhile, celebratory performances of artists were given at art theatres and cultural houses in local areas including Jagang and South Hwanghae provinces. There were the performance of choruses "We Will Uphold My Motherland of Songun with Iron and Steel" by discharged soldiers at the Hwanghae Iron and Steel Complex and art performance and oratorical contest of war veterans and trade union officials and members in South Hamgyong Province.

Women's union members in South Phyongan and North Hamgyong provinces arranged a celebration performance and a stage of wartime songs displaying the indomitable fighting spirit of the Korean women.

In Sinuiju there was "The Victory Day July 27 Is Everlasting under the Leadership of the Brilliant Commander of Songun," an art performance given by working people and school youth and children to celebrate the war victory day. Working people in the city of Wonsan held a concert of wartime songs including "We Will Emerge Victorious" to enjoy the holiday amid joy and emotion.

Return to top


Historic Victory in the Fatherland Liberation War

On October 23, 1953, less than three months after the signing of the Armistice Agreement on July 27, Premier Kim Il Sung of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea gave a speech before the officers and men of Unit 256 of the Korean People's Army summing up the significance of the Korean people's victory in the Fatherland Liberation War, also known as the Korean War. TML is posting below excerpts from his speech.

***

As you know, the Korean war ended in our victory. It is true that we failed to wipe out the enemy and we have not yet reunified the country. However, we defeated the huge armed forces of U.S. imperialism, the ringleader of world imperialism and its 15 satellite countries, and forced them to sign the Armistice Agreement as we demanded. This is a great victory for us.

What are the victories we achieved in the arduous three-year war? Firstly, the Korean people and the People's Army, through their heroic struggle, repulsed the enemy's invasion and defended the democratic base in the northern half of Korea with honour. Taking advantage of the Soviet army following liberation, we established the democratic base in the north and carried out tremendous work in all spheres -- political, economic, cultural and military.


Premier Kim Il Sung endorses the July 27, 1953 armistice agreement.

We formed the Workers' Party with 800,000 members, social organizations such as the Democratic Youth Leagues, trade unions, the Peasants' Union and Women's Union, which have a membership of several million, drew broad sections of the masses into the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, and rallied them firmly around the Party and Government. We built the Party strongly and cemented the unity between the Party and the masses, thereby preparing a solid political force.

At the same time, we mobilized the people to carry out democratic reforms such as agrarian reform and nationalization of industries, conducted economic construction vigourously, and took all measures to increase the economic power of the northern half [of our country...]

Because we set up the democratic base in good time and strengthened the People's Army, we could defeat the invaders from the 16 countries headed by U.S. imperialism and secure victory in the war. Had we fought the war only with the Syngman Rhee puppet army,[1] not with troops of U.S. imperialism and its satellites, we would have vanquished it and achieved the country's reunification.

To repel the invasion of U.S. imperialism and its satellites and defend the democratic base, our people and People's Army fought heroically, never yielding to difficulties and trials.

We have firm belief that as long as there are large numbers of Party members who have a high degree of political awareness and are tempered like steel, and the people who are rallied firmly around the Party, and as long as we have the solid democratic base, we can defeat any enemy invasion in future.

Second, in the Korean war, the Korean people and the People's Army not only inflicted a military defeat upon the enemy, but also caused him a severe political setback. The Korean war laid bare the brutal nature of imperialism to the world, and shattered the myth of the "might "of U.S. imperialism to pieces.

In fact, earlier some people had an illusion about the "might" and "humanitarianism" of U.S. imperialism. Through the Korean war, however, the people of the world not only realized clearly that the U.S. imperialists were the most heinous savages but also came to believe more firmly that if a people fought to the last bravely, arms in hand, they would be able to defeat the imperialists [...]

[In the past], the U.S. imperialists resorted to every cunning trick to curry favour with the Korean people, but in fact they did not give up their ambition to conquer Korea. They actively supported Japanese imperialism in its aggression of Korea. We could see the craftiness of the U.S. imperialists on the problem of forming the Second Front during the Second World War and the question of Korea liberation.

In fact, the U.S. imperialism played no part whatsoever in the liberation of Korea. The Soviet Army, together with the Korean People's Revolutionary Army, vanquished the Japanese imperialist Kwantung Army of one million, and emancipated Korea while the U.S. imperialists did not do anything. The U.S. imperialists, who landed in south Korea without as much as firing a shot, were brazen enough to advertise themselves as the "liberator" of the south Korean people. This deceptive trick could not work long. The Korean war laid bare the aggressive nature of U.S. imperialism and smashed to pieces the illusion which some people had cherished about it in the past [...]

By using germ weapons and resorting to all sorts of atrocities in the Korean war, the U.S. imperialists exposed to the people all over the world their viciousness surpassing that of the Hitlerites and the Japanese imperialists. In the Korean war they fully revealed not only their bestiality and viciousness, but also their vulnerability [...] the U.S. imperialists looked down on us as a "small country", but they sustained an ignominious defeat in the Korean war. [...] We proved to the people of the world that if they fight valiantly like Koreans, they can beat back the aggression of any imperialists and free themselves from their yoke [...]

Third, the Korean people, the People's Army, Party and Government bodies, social organizations and their officials were tempered and they gained rich experience in the three years of the war. This is one of the greatest victories we achieved. [...] Our party and Government gained the priceless experience of working out scientific strategy and tactics for leading the army skilfully in war against a strong enemy, of stabilizing the people's living and meeting the demands of the front satisfactorily even under wartime conditions [...]

We are guided by the Workers' Party of Korea: we are not hired for money, but equipped with an indomitable will and all-conquering Marxist-Leninist ideas. Therefore, we are firmly convinced through our own experience that we can surmount any difficulty and secure victory in war [...]

Fourth, the justness of our people's fighting aim and their self-sacrificing struggle has greatly raised our country's external position and prestige, and we made a great a great contribution to the cause of safeguarding universal peace and security. Never before in our nation's history have we enjoyed such support and sympathy of the people of the whole world nor has our international prestige risen so high as today.

When our Government delegation visited the Soviet Union and other European People's Democracies recently, the peoples of these countries wished us the earliest possible rehabilitation from war wounds and promised to give us selfless aid in the spirit of proletarian internationalism.

We celebrated the conclusion of the Armistice Agreement as a great victory, whereas Syngman Rhee said it was the greatest national humiliation for the 16 countries, unable to defeat a "small communist army", to have signed the Armistice Agreement. Needless to say, the Americans did not regard it as honourable to sign the Armistice Agreement, either. Why? Because agreeing to the ceasefire, instead of defeating what they call "small Korea", would have exposed the American inability to the people of the world and to the people of their satellite countries in particular. In an attempt to escape such a humiliation, the U.S. imperialists delayed the armistice talks for more than two years and employed every trick to become the "victor." But, on finding it utterly impossible to achieve victory, they finally signed the Armistice Agreement. [...]

TML Note

1. Syngman Rhee, a diehard anti-communist was brought in from Hawaii after the Second World War and installed as "President of the Republic of Korea" in August 1948 in a fraudulent election organized by the U.S. occupiers of south Korea to consolidate their hold on the Korean peninsula.

Return to top


Korea Is One!

All Out to Support the Signature Campaign
for Korean Reunification!

We, undersigned, citizens and residents of Canada:

1. Resolutely support the 60-year struggle of the Korean people to re-unify their divided country by their own efforts, peacefully and without outside interference. We add our voices to those who are calling on the south Korean government of President Lee Myung Bak to uphold the spirit and principles of the June 15 North-South Joint Declaration and the October 4 Agreement signed between the leaders of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) in 2000 and 2007 respectively.

2. Call on the Canadian government to immediately normalize relations with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) by building a Canadian embassy in Pyongyang, DPRK and facilitating the opening of a DPRK embassy in Ottawa so as to foster peaceful, fraternal relations between the people of Canada and the people of the DPRK. This will contribute to building stability and peace on the Korean peninsula.

3. Demand U.S. Troops Out of Korea! and an end to all U.S. nuclear blackmail and military provocations against the Korean people; the withdrawal of the 28,000 U.S. troops from south Korea; the closing of all U.S. army, navy and air force bases in and around Korea, and an end to all U.S.- south Korean joint military exercises directed against the DPRK.

4. Call on the U.S. to sign a peace treaty with the DPRK to replace the Korean Armistice Agreement (KAA) which will immediately lessen military tensions on the Korean peninsula and reduce the danger of a nuclear war breaking out on the Korean peninsula.

For information and copies of the petition:

Tel: (416) 925-3250
E-mail: corfedca@yahoo.ca.

Mail: Korean Reunification Movement
P.O. Box 130, Station "P"
Toronto, ON
M5S 2S7

Return to top



Six Party Talks

DPRK Foreign Ministry Spokesman on Unreasonable Call for Resumption of Six-Party Talks

A spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Ministry issued a statement on Monday, July 27 in connection with the fact that at the Ministerial Meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum held in Thailand on July 23, some countries expressed their views that the six-party talks should be resumed.

The statement said that while some of them were motivated to call for dialogue by their concerns about the mounting tension on the Korean Peninsula, there was a country that deliberately raised the voice to bring pressure to bear on the DPRK. Any attempt to side with those who claim the resumption of the six-party talks without grasping the essence of the matter will not help ease tension; on the contrary, it may lay a fifth wheel to the resolution of the problem. Explaining the reason why the six-party talks came to a definite end, the statement noted:

Given the complicated composition of the six-party talks, the talks couldn't make progress apart from the principle of respect for sovereignty and equality. With the exception of the DPRK, the only non-aligned country among the parties to the talks, the other parties were either permanent member of the United Nations Security Council or military allies of the United States.

In view of the extreme imbalance in the composition of the six-party talks, the most required principle was the respect for sovereignty and equality among the parties, the lifeblood of the talks. That was why the "spirit of mutual respect for sovereignty and equality" was stipulated at the beginning of the Joint Statement which the six parties agreed on and signed on September 19, 2005.

However, this principle -- the lifeblood of the six-party talks -- was disregarded when we launched an artificial satellite for peaceful purposes on April 5 this year. As is well known, we launched the satellite on a legitimate basis after going through the same relevant international procedures as other countries.

This being a hard reality, parties to the six-party talks took the lead in perpetrating a hostile act against the DPRK; they brought up the issue of its satellite launch for discussion at the United Nations Security Council in a discriminatory manner which "denounced" and imposed "sanctions" on it. As we have clarified in previous statements, the six-party talks were consequently reduced to a platform for blocking even the DPRK's development of science and technology for peaceful purposes and curbing the normal progress of its economy.

It became all the more clear that other parties are taking advantage of these six-party talks to seek their ulterior aims to disarm and incapacitate the DPRK so that it can only subsist on the bread crumbs thrown away by them. The six-party talks departed from their original goal and nature so far due to the unchanged moves of the hostile forces to stifle the DPRK that they can hardly regain them.

The state of affairs would not have reached the current gridlock if the U.S. and other parties to the six-party talks had not resorted to the reckless and shameless moves to deprive the DPRK of its legitimate right to launch satellites by abusing the name of the United Nations Security Council. The parties who now insist on the resumption of the six-party talks are in dead silence about their behaviour that scuttled the talks and sparked off confrontation.

This is the essence and the background of the current state of affairs, which the countries that are not parties to the six-party talks should understand. If these countries blindly respond to the call for the resumption of the six-party talks, contending that there is no other alternative, it doesn't help resolve the problem; it does more harm than good.

We value sovereignty and dignity as our life and soul. It is preposterous to consider the DPRK as a country acting at other's beck and call in the matters of the six-party talks. As a party concerned, we know what should be done to resolve the problem far better than anyone else.

There is a specific and reserved form of dialogue that can address the current situation.

(Korean Central News Agency)

Return to top


Read The Marxist-Leninist Daily
Website:  www.cpcml.ca   Email:  editor@cpcml.ca